Position paper for the Model United Nations
The main issues before the models of United Nations include: the views of El Salvador on weapons of mass destruction and what has been done to try andpreventit and the relationship between disbarment and development, as well as how the country is trying to avoid an arms race in the outer space.
Measures to Prevent Terrorists from Acquiring Weapons of Mass Destruction
Between 1991 and 1997, El Salvador was involved in a civil war that left 70,000 families and friends crying. There was high inequity in terms of socio economic aspects and a wide gap between the wealthy and the underprivileged that led to denial of freedom and village massacres. A group of rebels known as the Farabundo Marti National Front were the architects of the resistance. Furthermore, the brutal assassination of Archbishop Oscar Romero, who was a chief activist of human rights, triggered further human rights violation, resulting in social mayhem and political aggression.
The Government El Salvadorwas very aware of the attainment of armaments of obliteration,and the hazard it created for individuals. It thus formed procedures that would prevent acquirement of such arms and these include: Decisionto stopoffering any type of sustenance or support to non-States that try to build up, obtain, produce, acquire, transfer, or exploit nuclear-activated, chemically or biologically madearmamentsand through means ofrelease; Formulating clear provisions of the Act on Regulations and Control of armaments, Ammunition, Explosives and Similar Articles prohibit and penalties for these activities. Specifically, Article 58 prohibits the production, importation, exportation, deals or possessions of compound, organic or radioactive armaments or any substances or materials for producing them; Devices for firing arms in a covert manner; Ammunition that is toxic and contains compound or innatematerials; Firearms of war; and Weapons that belong to or are part of the equipment of the Armed Forces or the National Civil Police. Article 64 of the Act further prohibits any legalpersons from dealing in, production, exportation, import or possessionof militia-grade armaments. Articles 78 and 79 state that the weapons, grenades,missiles and bulletsbannedin the Act ought to be surrendered to the Office of Defense.
The Decision also conditions that El Salvador mustacquire and implementsuccessfulprocedures to set up domestic directives to alleviate the propagation of nuclear, chemically, or biologically made weapons as well as their way of release, also by creatingappropriatedirectives over linkedresources which ought to:build up and sustain suitable and efficientprocesses that can account for and secure such items during production, use, storage or transport; build up and sustainsuitableefficient physical indemnity procedures; build up and sustainsuitableefficient border directives and legal or regulatory efforts to detect, deter, stop and combat, through international cooperation where need arises, the illicit trafficking and brokering in such items in line with their national legal authorities and legislation and in consistency with international law; establish, develop, review and maintainsuitableefficient national export and trans-shipment checks and balances over such items, including appropriate legislations and regulatory frameworks to control export, transit, trans-shipment and re-export and monitor the provision of funds and services that are associated with such export and trans-shipment .
Relationship between Disarmament and Development
These two different, yet strongly linked procedures relateto security in all its characteristics. Their connection is distinct, comprehensive, andcompulsory. Although disarmament and development embrace distinct individualjudgments andsurviveseparatelyfrom each other, advancing one aspect can build a favorable setting for the latter. Both have to be practiced despite the speed of advancement in the other; and one must not be made inferior to the other. Extremeweaponry and militiaexpenditure can negatively affectprogress and redirecteconomic, technical as well as humanresources from advancementmissions. Armaments in themselves may not be the originsource of violence and disagreement, yet their access and ease of use can coercesubstantialsecurity, jeopardizefirmness as well as welfare and also reducesocietal and economicalself-assurance. As a result this can lead to reduction ofinvestment,economicaladvancement hence adding to a series of deficiencies, underdevelopment and anguish.
On the other hand, even thoughit is perceived as a biased and ethicallyessential, disarmament is not necessarily aguide to advancement. It is clear that disarmament is capable of assisting the realization of more firmglobal, nationwide and neighboringstate of affairs that are considered positive and essential foradvancement. However, one mightvisualize a situation where disarmament mightpromotea reduction of a weak State’s capacity to protect itself against domestic or foreignhostility, or in which the soaringmonetaryexpenses of disarmament result in negative effects on short-term prospects for development.
The connection between disarmament and development is therefore evident in the diverseapproaches undertaken in differentcircumstances, depending on the safety and growthprecedence and the situation in each respectivestate or county. Each case should be scrutinized on thevirtues it possesses, particularlyin relation to the long-awaitedhope that disbursementtakenout from militia and securityfinancial statements can or should automatically be channeled to finance development programmes. However, where appropriate, highlighting and enhancing the optimistichelp that disarmament and growthproducefor each other may sustainthe progress to a nonviolent and safeplanet for all its inhabitants.
Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space
Using decrees and negotiationsinside the United Nations, a universalproposition has emerged that an arms race in outer space should be prevented. Nevertheless, owing to the organization of the intercontinentalofficialcommand and to the oppositionthe countries, an agreement, up until now, has not been discussed to widelyprevent the operation of weapons in space or to avoid the pursuits ofarmaments in outer space. This resolution has reaffirmed that the willpower of all states that the investigation and the use of outer space , plus the moon and the other spacebodieswill be for nonviolentreasons and this will be done for the advantage and in the significant contributions made for all nations. El Salvador as a country confirms the need and vitality of averting an arms race in the outer space and pleas to all the common states to contribute to this common objective, in particular those ones with major space capacities.
In addition, states should adhere to the objectives of the treaty with the interest of achieving and maintaining international peace as well as cooperation. It also distinguishes the risingunion of outlooks on the establishment of measures set forth to enhancelucidity, self-assurance and safety in the nonviolentexploitation of any space the outsideof earth. It advocates the nationsperformingactions in the outer space, should uphold the meeting of disarmament well-versedwith the advancement of two-sided and many-sideddiscussions and debates as well as resolutions regarding the issue. In addition, The GGE comprises of a small group of worldwide space experts from a selection of space exploring countries with the keypurposeof advancing international collaboration and reducing the threats of misinterpretation and misconceptions with regard tospace actions