The Main Socio Economic Factors Affecting Education Across The World
Education is one of the most valued investments in the world. Parents and governments prepare children and youth to begin their own lives and settle into good careers that can them high incomes by offering them quality education. Access of education is however influenced by many factors. Additionally, the quality of education can also be affected by the same factors. This paper examines the socio economic factors that affect education across the world.
Level of family incomes
The level of income disposable to a family is pertinent factor that affects both the access and quality of education. In fact, research shows that children from low income family backgrounds tend to face more obstacles in accessing quality education.
On the other hand, families with high incomes are able to afford quality educational opportunities for their children. These families can also invest in supplementary educational materials such as books and other gadgets as well as pay for tutors to help the children enhance their learning skills. Nevertheless there are children who have come out from poor backgrounds and used this to fuel their ambitions and get out of poverty.
The education level of parents
When parents are well educated they tend to desire the same for their children. This is because they can relate to the opportunities that high quality education brings. Such parents tend to invest heavily in the education of their children. They can go to great extents to ensure that these children get the best education.
In addition to providing learning opportunities, well educated parents are also stricter about educational activities. These parents are always keen to follow up on homework and guide their young ones on how to go about school work. In the long run, such parents keep their children focused on education and help them define appropriate educational and career goals.
Parents who are less educated may have a different perspective of education. Apart from being unable to provide their children with proper learning opportunities, these parents may also be less involved in their children’s educational activities. Despite these linkages, research has shown that parents who may have good education but struggled in academic activities may not offer much educational guidance to their children.
In most countries gender has had a major influence on both access and the quality of education. In the olden days, female learners were almost nonexistent and those who were there had a different curriculum from their male counterparts. The female learners were supposed to be home makers and were thus taught subjects that would mould them into fitting in these roles. On their part, males were supposed to embrace tougher subjects to match their high place in society. This has changed with time and many societies now provide equal opportunities for both boys and girls.
Gender prejudices still occur in the education sector and are more prevalent towards girls than boys. However, there have been cases of gender prejudices against males in certain rare cases. For instance in Lesotho the literacy rates of girls is much higher than that of boys because the males are forced to look after cattle while females go to school.
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