Technology Research Paper on Technology Standards

Technology Standards

1.0 Introduction

Abbreviated as IEC, the International Electrotechnical Commission elaborates the term standard as a document that is established and ingrained in consensus that seeks to provide guidelines for establishment of a given technology standards. Additionally, as defined by the website of the Biometric Consortium, standards are generally set rules that require all to comply with the given procedures. Ingrained in Zahran (2013) study, the established standards provides a platform of configuration, protocol, process, and systems to be adhered.

Against this background, this study will focus on the different technology standards that include ISO, Biometric, and ANSI. Notably, the definition, principles and insight to phases of each technology will be examined.  Other parameters of the technology standards that will be examined will entail: ISO standard development process, Biometric standard development process, and the ANSI standard development process. Further, giving a conclusion and discussion that will be ingrained in different technology standards will constitute the scope of this study.

2.0 ISO Standard Development Process

Being an internationally recognized body abbreviated as ISO, International Organization for Standardization develops international standards between countries in order to facilitate world trade. Its standard development process includes:

Proposal Stage

Premised on the form labelled as form 4, a proposal for the new work item is submitted to the committee. In the committee, voting is done via electronic balloting. A project leader is the then nominated and the name indicated in the form.


Preparatory stage

In the second stage of the ISO standard development process, a working group made of experts and the project leader is constituted in the bid to prepare a working draft.  Issues pertaining copyright, the patents, and concerns of conformity assessment are addressed by experts at this stage. Upon satisfaction by the experts, the draft is then forwarded to the parent committee’s working group.

Committee stage

The draft obtained from the working group is discussed, comments given, and voting via electronic balloting done.

Enquiry stage

The committee secretariat submits the draft to the Central Secretariat of the ISO who then circulate it to all ISO members. Three months are allocated to this group to vote and give comment regarding the draft.

A summary of the ISO Standard Development Process:

Source: Vavra (2012)

Approval stage

Premised on Vavra (2012) study, the draft is approved upon attaining a two-thirds simple majority voting of the parent committee members.

Publication stage

The final document is submitted via the Submission Interface for publication.

3.0 Biometric Standard Development Process

Defined as an automated process of recognizing individuals premised on individual behavioral and biological features, biometric technology involves the measurement and statistical analysis of data in the field of medical sciences. Biometric standards are crucial in regulating the costs of developing and maintaining system solutions.

An example of biometric process entails:

Source: Stapleton (2014)

The stages for biometric development process include:

Project proposal

Formulating a biometric project proposal which is submitted to the committee constitutes the first step of biometric development process.

Draft standard

Premised on the working, committee, and final drafts, successful drafts are considered until consensus is arrived at regarding the technical content.

Member Body Approval

Upon reaching consensus, the content is circulated to all member bodies in the bid to seek approval. Before approval, voting is done and comments made within the period set by the standard development organizations. The approval criterion is pegged on the simple majority vote.

Published Standard

Upon approval of the final document it’s submitted for publication.

4.0 ANSI Standard Development Process

ANSI is an administrator and a coordinator used in the U.S’s private sector for the standardization of systems. ANSI is ingrained on rules and procedures that require the need for the development of the standard be established. The American National Standard is judged with the obligation of determining the standards.

The proposed document for ANSI standard development is presented to the select subcommittee for review and discussion. It is then forwarded to the consensus committee for further comments before it is presented to the Standards Board in the bid to reviewing the PINS form.

Upon approval of the PINS form and submission to the ANSI, the working group that entails experts of the subject is then formulated in order to commence ANSI standard development process. Via the ANSI auspices, the consensus committee conducts the public review within 60 days of receiving the proposed draft. All raised comments during the public review are promptly addressed and resolved (Stapleton, 2014).

Once the consensus process is complete, creation of Letter Ballot is done in order for the Standard Board to review and make certification of ANS procedures in finalization of the standard process. Gaining approval from the ANSI Board constitutes the last step of the ANSI standard development process. Upon certification of the proposed document by the Standard Board, an approval request is sent to the Standards Review containing the documentation results of the ballot. When the request is approved, the manuscript is forwarded for editing and subsequent publication.

Ingrained on ANSI requirements, current standard should be reviewed at least once every five years in order to determine whether the standard should be reapproved, subjected to revision, or totally withdrawn.  A summary of standard development process involves:


Source: Stapleton (2014)                                     

5.0 Conclusion and Discussion

This study was ingrained on focusing the standard development process of different technology standards that included ISO, Biometric, and ANSI. Particularly, relevant definitions, principles and detailed insight to the phases of each standard development process were examined. This study concludes that generally, the standard development process is ingrained in a number of stages that include: proposal stage, committee, inquiry, approval, and publication stages.  In order to give insight to the standard development process, this study utilized diagrams.

6.0 Editorial

Different technology standards that include ISO, Biometric, and ANSI are premised on set rules that should be adhered to during the standard development process. Notably, the standard development process is founded on protocol that starts with a drafting a proposal indicating the need of the development standard. The process if deemed final upon approval and publication by the relevant standard boards.



Stapleton, J. J. (2014). Security without obscurity: A guide to confidentiality, authentication, and integrity. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Vavra, T. G. (2012). Customer satisfaction measurement simplified: A step-by-step guide for ISO 9001:2000 certification. Milwaukee, WI: ASQ Quality Press.

Zahran, S. (2013). Software process improvement: Practical guidelines for business success. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Pub.