How to Write an Essay Fast in an Exam
To use the limited essay exam time effectively, you should know how to write an essay fast in an exam. An essay is a writing piece that methodically evaluates and analyzes an issue or a topic. Essay writing exams are aimed at testing the ability of the students to synthesize information as well as to organize their thoughts in writing. Usually, an essay exam has a limited time within which you should write a concise and clear essay. The time constraint of these essays usually instills fear in most students. However, there are approaches that you can take to write an effective essay quickly during an essay exam.
What you need to know even before you know how to write an essay fast in an exam
Exam essays are as important as research papers because they will influence your final grades. They can also make a difference when it comes to getting your desired academic program. As such, you need to know how to write an effective essay in an exam situation.
Usually, a well written exam essay has the following attributes:
- It answers the exam question
Even if you will write your essay fast, make sure that it answers the asked question properly and in a focused manner. This implies that your essay should answer all aspects of the asked question without ranting and rambling because this would show that you do not know what you are required to write about. Therefore, read and understand the essay question before you start writing your essay during an exam.
- It is well organized
Just because you have limited time within which to write your essay does not mean that you have to write it in a haphazard manner. Take your time to plan so that you can determine what you will write and how to write it. Decide the points to make through the essay and how to proceed as well as how you will conclude your essay by summarizing the materials that you will cover while emphasizing on your main point or thesis.
- It is well supported
Rather than simply asserting the truth of something, provide prove for it. Use figures, examples, facts and tests as your prove. In most cases, an A-grade essay is differentiated from a B-grade essay by how effectively the supporting evidence is used or presented.
- It is properly packaged
If your essay fails to use the accepted language conventions, the examiner will consider you as less educated and less competent. Therefore, adhere to all language conventions while writing your essay to package it properly and to meet the expectations of the examiner.
How to write an essay fast in an exam step by step
Step 1: Plan how you will spend the given time writing your essay
The first thing you should do once you get the essay exam is to consider the time given for writing the essay and the length of the essay that you are required to write. If you waste time or procrastinate while writing the essay, you will score a poor grade in the essay because you will write it hurriedly in the last minutes. For instance, when writing a SAT essay in an exam which usually allows for 30 minutes, spend at least 3 minutes of that time planning and the rest writing and editing the essay. When you take time to plan your essay, you will save the time that you would spend rewriting and restructuring the essay after you start the writing process.
Step 2: Read and analyze the essay question
Take a few minutes to read and analyze the question so that you can understand what the examiner wants you to write about. Avoid rushing to grasp ideas that relate to the main subject or topic of the essay that you are required to write on because this might make you flustered, lose concentration or even become blank. Therefore, read the question carefully and analyze it so that you can understand what you are being directed to do. Think about what you already know about the topic or subject and what you do not know. Look out for active verbs that state what you should do. Such verbs include, “define,” “explain,” “illustrate,” and “summarize” among others.
Step 3: Outline your essay
Usually, some students ignore outlining but it is an important step of a guide on how to write an essay fast in an exam. Typically, your essay should have an introduction, the body and the conclusion. The introduction should introduce the topic of your essay and the thesis statement. The body should present your arguments and supporting evidence while the conclusion should wrap up the entire essay. While outlining, indicate the information that you will include in each section. Divide the body of your essay into paragraphs with each presenting an idea and supporting evidence. Think about the supporting examples to include in your essay for each point.
Step 4: Write the introduction
Write a strong introduction with a hook that draws the attention of the reader. For instance, you can use surprising or interesting facts about a historical figure, personal experience or a moment that you consider important in life. You can also use a provocative quotation, a vivid anecdote or a provoking question. Make sure that the hook that you use in your introduction keeps the readers interested in reading on.
Step 5: Write the body
In the body, present your main ideas and support them with at least a single example. Use a strong topic sentence or argumentative point for each paragraph. The body of your essay should have at least three paragraphs.
Step 6: End your essay with a strong conclusion
The conclusion should give a summary of your thoughts while wrapping up your essay. Do not introduce new arguments or ideas in the conclusion. Instead, restate the main points and thesis statement of your essay. Make the conclusion clear and straightforward.
Step 7: Revise your essay
Spare time to read your essay to ensure that it has a clear thesis statement and that the body and the conclusion are coherent. Correct all mistakes including spelling and sentence structure issues.
Bonus hints and reminders on how to write an essay fast in an exam
- Familiarize yourself with and use the terminologies of the essay question
It is important that you familiarize yourself with the terminologies that are used in essay questions. Know what different terms mean and what they require you to do. Such words include trace, illustrate, compare and evaluate. These words convey different meanings. They also require you to answer the essay question with different types of essays. Therefore, look out for such words, understand their meanings and do what they require you to do.
- Provide your answer in the first sentence of your essay
The introduction should provide your answer to the essay question. Use the words or language that the essay question uses to answer the question.
If the essay question reads, “What is the difference between the goals of socialist feminism and liberal feminism” you can start your essay with a sentence like, “There are three major differences in the goals of socialist feminism and liberal feminism…”
Such an approach indicates that you are going to answer the essay question directly. It also makes marking the essay easier for the examiner.
- Structure your essay properly
A good exam essay should have the structure of a basic essay. Therefore, make sure that your essay has an introduction that states your thesis statement or answer explicitly and if possible, states the organization of your essay. It should also have a body in which you present your main arguments and supporting material. The final section of your essay should be a conclusion which re-answers the essay question while referring to the points discussed in the body in a brief manner.
- Always have time to plan and check your essay
Depending on the time given for the essay and the length of the essay that you are required to write, give yourself time to plan your essay and time to check the essay. Although the limited time requires you to write your essay quickly, divide the duration into time for planning the essay, writing the essay and checking the essay. Give writing the essay more time. For instance, when writing an essay within 45 minutes, take 10 minutes planning the essay, 30 minutes writing and 5 minutes checking your essay for errors.
- Use sample essays to practice writing essays in an exam
You will know how to write an essay fast in an exam if you practice using good sample essays as part of your writing guide. Click here for a sample essay that was written during an exam that you can use as your guide during your essay writing practice.
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Nivea Case Study
Describe the first “P” in the Marketing Mix, People. Who are the consumers and what is the nature of their demand?
People denote the knowledge, level of expertise and services of individuals working for a company, as they help in getting the firm from its challenges. In most cases, customers will make decision about products and services and the delivery depending on the representatives of the company. In this case, company employees require service knowledge and outstanding interpersonal skills to present a quality service. They also need the capacity to choose, recruit and retain the right people with excellent skills and matchless abilities. Consumers buy products either for use or resale. In this case, the consumers are teenage women and mothers acquiring the commodities for their daughters who share common lifestyle and attitude. They buy products in company of other friends who are shopping other goods from groceries.
Describe what is meant by a business being ‘consumer led’
This refers to when a business firm operates in response to the tastes and preferences of buyers in the market. For Nivea, it endeavors to meet the needs of its customers through innovative products. It addresses lifestyle needs of its customers, making it consumer friendly. A consumer led business always improves its current products and introduces new ones to fulfill the demand of buyers. Over the years, Nivea meet beauty needs of its customers, offering value for their money through quality products. This makes Nivea, a customer led company.
What are the key parts of the Marketing Mix? Explain how each works with the others
A marketing mix encompasses understanding the market in terms of what customers want, how they will use the product, branding, color, price, size, and features, which address the needs of buyers. Through market research, it is possible to identify market segments with regard to attitude, age and style. Companies can collect this information by gathering data from customers, listening to their comment or through product testing. The product is the center of any marketing mix, since it creates the need to be in the market, priced and promoted by qualified people.
After indentifying a product, the second step is pricing. Price of a product refers to a cost, which maximizes profit margins of the business and guarantees value for customers’ money. It is important for a company to provide customers with high quality products, worth the cost. Additionally, establish if your customers are price-sensitive, i.e. will a slight drop in price lead to a higher market share or will small increase lead to extra profit margins. Moreover, a company should factor in discounts and compare prices with other players in the market. Too high prices repel customers while too low prices attract losses. Price is key because every product needs a price tag before getting to the market. Through price, a company will make profits or losses.
Promotion is about deciding the appropriate time and place to communicate marketing messages across the target market. Promotion is usually through ads in print or electronic media, internet, billboards, and PR strategies. Among others, a firm identifies how competitors in the market reach their target audience, best promotional times, and identifying any environmental issues, which could determine the timing of the promotion. Promotion makes a product competitive in the market as it denotes the availability of the product. Promotion further ensures that the product is in the right target market.
Place is where customers will find the product. Will they visit the internet, or physical store? How will they access distribution channels? Identify the need for a sales force and establish the activities of competitors and their locations. Identifying the most appropriate point of sale is paramount. Once a company has identified the product, promoted and price, it meets the needs of customers in a specific location.
Explain why the balance of the marketing mix is as important as any single element
Balancing the marketing mix is of great significance because the product reflects the efficacy of the company and makes it possible for customers to identify affordable products, depending on the purchasing power. Additionally, having such a balance is importance as it ensures that the firm produces high-quality products, which satisfy customers’ needs. This further helps in retaining the product brand. Moreover, the price tells the organization about customers’ acceptability to buy the products. Balancing the price is also essential to ensure that the company has satisfactory performance rewards and their jobs, making them more productive. Balancing the mix through place allows the company to have a higher market share and make higher profits through increased sales. Such diversified global market further makes the organization competitive internationally.
Analyze the marketing mix for NIVEA VISAGE Young. What are its strongest points? Explain why you think this is so
For a company to develop new products, it needs knowledge of the market, through product gathering and collection of important data from customers. Nivea Visage Young uses a range of pricing methods to price its products. These include cost-based, which covers costs, penetration cost, which encourages customers to buy and price skimming, which guarantees the firm high profits. For place, Nivea Visage Young uses a range of distribution channels, like retail outlets, where customers receive skin care products. The company further sells its products in high street stores mainly for youths and mothers. It uses different promotional strategies like direct mail, business to consumer trade fairs, branding and public relations. Uses product samples for customers and has an online magazine to publicize its brand to young women. Nivea Visage Young’s strongest point is the use of the internet to reach young women, since this category of people uses the internet a lot. As a result, it is possible for the target group to know more about the available products.
Global Wine Wars 2009: Old versus New World
The wine industry experienced significance growth in the Christian era because competition for luxury and dynastical stature. Earlier, Europeans had plantations of vines to manufacture various grades of wine. With the establishment of a wine processing firm in France, production of wine grew tremendously. Because of favorable conditions in the country, France became a major producer of wine all over the world. France dominated the industry for centuries before other countries could match her production capacity. Notably, the thriving wine industry in France became the epicenter of economic, social and political issues in the country. One of the leading factors, which led to France’s successful wine production, was its proper climatic conditions and geographical features. Located at the heart of Europe, the country experienced as reliable rains and good weather conditions for the growth of grapes. Moreover, France had the right soils, which had matching nutrient requirements of grapes (Bartlett, 2009, p. 78). With naturally fertile soils, France got bumper harvest of grapes, which provided sufficient raw materials for wine production. This was its strength over potential competitors regionally and worldwide. Due to these conditions, France got experience in wine production, and supplied the finest wine brands in Europe and all over the world.
Its excellent and promising quality of produced wine further propelled France to dominate the industry. It heavily invested in quality wine production as compared to its competitors, making it an experienced player in the market. Additionally pioneers of wine production and promoters embraced the country’s passion for high quality wine. Thus, the industry not only gained dominance but also global recognition. Adoption of technology in wine production further contributed to France’s dominance in the industry. During this time, plants adopted new technology in mass production of bottles, manufacture of crock stoppers and pasteurization of crude wine. With new technology, it was possible to store processed wine for a longer time and meet the demand for wine in different markets. France also supplied wine to distant markets, creating a lucrative global market of which it was the main player. With innovation and relevant technology at hand, wine became stable as it could stay longer without going bad (Bartlett, 2009, p. 82).
France further thrived in wine production because of the government’s goodwill and support. The government of the day formulated and implemented policies, which ensured disciplined practices and high quality production. The government was in full control, making it easy to monitor wine production directly. Some of the measures, which the government implemented, were VDQS and AOS, which regulated wine production from setting up the vineyard to processing. In terms of wine processing, France rose to dominate the market because it had more competitive advantages than its competitors did. Some of these advantages included government support, new production technology, and suitable climatic conditions. By dominating the global market, French wine industry grew not only in Europe but also in the world.
It is worth noting that France faced a range of threats even though it had numerous competitive advantages in the market, as it was exposed to vulnerable conditions. For instance, there was disharmony between vineyards and production, which led to the disintegration of the entire process. Furthermore, unprecedented poor weather conditions, diseases and the high cost of the vineyard dented sales and French distribution system. High taxes and poor roads for transport further catalyzed the vulnerability of the sector. Consequently, the wine industry in France began experiencing logistical and operational challenges in the production process.
Because of the escalating challenges, France and other traditional wine producers started losing their dominance in the industry worldwide. For example, French system of production changed, resulting into high cost of vineyards in the country. Moreover, the continuous production of wine led to the depletion of vineyards. While this was the case, new world had begun using new land, which was more affordable than traditional French vineyards. The entry of New World Countries in the wine industry affected the performance of France and other traditional wine producers. These new countries gained momentum in the industry, with their lower prices, stemming from low operational costs. Which cheap land in these countries, it was also easier to acquire vineyards (Bartlett, 2009, p. 84). Appoint to note, most New World Countries adopted grape farming and applied new technology in processing. Growing grapes remained an extensive exercise because of irrigation techniques. With the introduction of mechanical harvesters, farmers adopted mechanized harvesting. There was high production because of the introduction of fertilizers and adoption of pruning methods. New World Countries also adopted on-site lab technology, which was key in carrying out analysis on proper grape farming and harvesting practices. As a result, they experienced low cost of production, causing a shift in the global wine market. With these developments, France and its affiliates lost their traditional global market share to the New World Countries, which capitalized on their already existing advantages to dominate the world market. This had negative impact on economies of former wine-producing giants.
The most appropriate advice for the head of French Wine Industry concerns regulatory measures and policy framework in processing and manufacturing. For example, AOC regulations are hurting the industry by offering non-competitive opportunities with the emergence of New World Countries, even though they allow production of finest wine in the global market. Thus, the head of French Wine Association must work towards lessening the application of AOC rules together with meticulous research and use of technology in wine production. The head of French Wine Association should further discourage total control of the industry by the government. Some of the government policies ought to be annulled because they undermine wine production process (Bartlett, 2009, p. 87).
In addition, the proprietor of Bordeaux Vineyard, which is a renowned producer of premium and super premium wines, must implement operational measures in order to take advantage of the situation. A good example is developing technology in production to allow new brands thus retaining customers. Bordeaux Vineyard must put into practice responsive attributes regarding new technology and production of new brands. They must however put weight on lucrative markets, which have more opportunities for better returns.
Notably, The Australian Wine industry is successful in implementing its operational measures. With its mission and vision, it is ahead of other competitors in the market. For instance, it has an achievable mission of being the world’s best producer of wine brands by 2015 through innovation and pricing. Nonetheless, it continues to struggle with issues of promotion, price and image design. To handle this, the association should invest in global marketing campaigns to enhance their public image and awareness of the Australian wine quality (Bartlett, 2009, p. 89). If it implements these measures, the association will overcome current threats and thrive in wine production and marketing.
On the other hand, Vineyard in Barossa should carry out intensive research on high quality wine production at a lower cost. They also consider other markets like Asia and China and not relying on US and British markets.
For the US wine industry, the head should focus on streamlining the production cost through mechanization like the Australian wine industry does. Moreover, the US should do away with its three-tier distribution system, as it is a threat to export products, while handing over cost advantage to other players. USA wine producers should also include middle segment in the whole production process. American wine agencies must develop brands and promotional strategies to reach the global markets.
Top secrets of how to write an argumentative essay outline
Writing a good, argument begins with good planning. As you plan for your argument, you are able to organize your thoughts to allow ideas flow logically from the introduction to the end. One way of preparing for an argument is by having an outline. An argument outline acts as a roadmap to follow as you develop your case step by step. Once you have mastered how to write an argumentative essay outline, the rest of your assignment becomes a walkover because it will serve you as a compass. Most tutors will ask you to submit your argument outline before you start writing your essay. This allows him or her to guide you on what to add or leave out in your paper. Read on and enhance your writing today…
Tips and tricks of how to write an argumentative essay outline
Preparing an argumentative outline is sometimes a daunting task. However, this step is what will make your case standout. A good plan ensures that you stick to the instructions of your paper and present your ideas coherently.
As you work on your argument outline, it is necessary to be flexible and adjust it once you are through with your paper. Revising your outline ensures that you harmonize it with the rest of paper since your argument may change along the way or take a different angle.
A standard argument has four major parts, which you must remember to have an understanding of how to write an argumentative essay outline. These include the following:
Major parts of an argumentative essay outline
- Your introduction – This is where you lay the foundation of your argument. Give basic information, which will help the reader follow your case without getting lost.
- Argument developing – In this section, you delve into research and give evidence, which support your argument. This part forms the backbone of your case.
- Negating counterargument – Here, you give rebuttal for the opposing views of your case. To excel in argumentative writing, learn to give both sides of the case, i.e. your position and the stance of your opponents. This makes your argument balanced.
- Conclusion – This is the last section of your argument. Here, you wrap up the case, restate your thesis, challenge your readers to take action and affirm the significance of the issue at hand.
With this in mind, you should be able to handle any argumentative assignment. The four parts will help you break your thoughts into manageable and expandable portions. In fact, you do not have to panic when you have these guidelines of how to write an argumentative essay outline.
Let us look at an example as you reflect on what we have so far discussed.
Example #1: Sample Argument Essay Outline
1-2 paragraphs tops
PURPOSE: Clearly state your argument
- Catch your readers’ attention by making your introduction interesting
- Give background information of your argument
- For published works, give bibliographical information
- For film, state title, director and year of release
- Your claim should be at the end of introduction (THESIS)
1-2 paragraphs tops;
Purpose: Lays foundation for your case
Give the following:
- Summary of the work under discussion
- Definition of terms
- Explain theories
SUPPORTING EVIDENCE PARAGRAPH #1
- Purpose: To prove your argument..
- Topic Sentence: State your main idea
- Give evidence: State and explain your evidence, supporting your argument
- Concluding Sentence: End your paragraph by saying how the idea supports your thesis
SUPPORTING EVIDENCE PARAGRAPH #2, 3, 4 etc.
- Purpose: To anticipate your reader’s opposing side
- Optional; usually 1-2 paragraphs tops
- Purpose: Remind our reader about the argument and evidence
- Restate your thesis
As you can see from the example above, the outline shows different parts of your argument. You can view it as a skeleton of your work. The following section will give you more hints on how to write an argumentative essay outline.
The principles of how to write an argumentative essay outline
Your introduction is the face of your work. The person reading your argument will get an impression of yourself from the manner in which you introduce your work. Take time and make sure you develop a compelling paragraph to pique the attention of everyone who comes across your essay.
In this section, we shall focus on how to outline your introduction. Keep reading.
Outlining your intro for an argumentative essay
Try the following when drafting your introduction:
Step 1: Start with a hook: Your first sentence on that blank paper should have a hook. A hook is a statement or sentence that grabs the attention of the reader.
A hook is what makes the difference between an interesting argumentative essay and a boring piece, which no one wants to look at.
Step 2: Give background information – At this stage, give relevant details that will aid the reader to understand your argument. In your explanation, bring out the issue at hand. Tell the reader the significance of the issue. Why should people care? How prevalent is the issue?
Do not give excess background information. Remember that you still have body paragraphs to develop.
Step 3: Craft your thesis Statement – As you think of how to write an argumentative essay outline, have your main idea or claim in mind. This is what you intend to prove throughout your essay. Besides stating your position, your thesis should also tell the reader a reason that supports your position on the issue.
Consider another example and see how to integrate these elements in your argumentative essay:
Example #2: Sample Argument Essay Outline
TITLE (Main Idea): _________________________________________
PARAGRAPH 1- “THE HOOK”
INTRODUCTION: Introduce your topic
SIDE 1: _________________________________________________
SIDE 2: _________________________________________________
THESIS STATEMENT (What is your opinion?): ____________________________________________________________
REASON #1 why you support your argument ___________________________
REASON #2 why you support your argument _______________________________
REASON #3 why you support your argument _______________________________
CONCLUSION (Summarize your thoughts):
RESTATE SIDE 1: ________________________________________________________
RESTATE SIDE 2: __________________________________________________________
Restate your evidence_________________________________________________________
Wrap up the issue: ____________________________________________________
This is an excellent example showing how to write an argumentative essay outline. It is as simple as that. What you should have in mind is your claim and evidence.
More thoughts on how to write an argumentative essay outline
Once you have a sketch of your introduction paragraph, you need think of how you will develop the body of your argument. Have in mind body paragraphs determine the weight of the issue you are discussing. You can have a catchy introduction but lose your audience when you move to the body.
Body paragraphs give specific information. Unlike in your intro where you move from unknown to the known, here, your focus is on the things that you know.
In the following segment, you will learn more on developing an excellent body for your essay.
Elements of a good paragraph
The main elements of a good paragraph include transition, topic sentence, evidence, and brief summary. Here is a breakdown of these elements:
Transition – This refers to movement from one idea to another. Ensure that you have a smooth transition between ideas for your audience to follow.
Topic sentence – Start every paragraph with a topic sentence, stating the main idea of the paragraph.
Specific evidence – This includes facts that support your opinion. Provide specific evidence without being vague.
Brief wrap up – This tells your readers how your evidence backs your thesis and helps in advancing your argument.
Another element that will help you have a grip on how to write an argumentative essay outline is the counterargument. Take a look at ways of organizing your rebuttals.
How to draft your counterargument in an essay outline
Good argumentative essays are objectives and balanced. Do not present a biased argument to your audience.
Research and anticipate a negative opinion that challenges your position. To handle this, you must present the counterargument before you negate it using evidential support from your research findings.
As you present your argument, your focus should be on people who are yet to make up their mind on the issue. Those who agree with your position will need less information as compared to fence sitters.
The following examples will help you understand how to outline your arguments.
Example #3: Sample Argument Essay Outline
Make this guide your toolkit and you will surely excel. Fare Thee Well
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How to Make Children Healthy Food Package Attractive in USA and Thailand
Making healthy food attractive for the children in the United States of America and Thailand involves critical elements such as parental involvement, food packaging, effective marketing and design. The purpose of this research study is to identify possible ways to make healthy food attractive to the children and more useful for their consumption.
Healthy food offers children a balanced diet in an effort to enhance their body fitness. The USA and Thailand have undergone a dramatic change in the level of packaging food bought in restaurants and hotels. The USA is more affected by unhealthy food compared to Thailand. This is attributed to ineffective food packaging in food stores and many restaurants offering packaged food for the kids.
Ineffective measures, lack of parental involvement and various marketing strategies leads to poor quality services. Parental involvement denotes that accommodation of views offered by parents as well as their opinions in food preparation ensures that children consume healthy food (Campos, Doxey, & Hammond, 2011). Parents are role models to their children and can convince them of the benefits of consuming healthy food offered by specific companies.
Design on the other hand refers to techniques used to promote healthy food for the children and content base. It also involves programs that have been put in place for the purpose of marketing. Effective marketing also refers to advertising programs adopted to reach out for new clients and to maintain existing customers.
This study focuses on food design elements including nutritional messages, texts, color, graphics and the impact on sales level as well as marketing. The design process is a highly strategic discussion field and it requires inputs from all interested parties to achieve the best result. This helps to ensure that packaging in itself sells the products efficiently to current and prospective clients.
In that case, the study acknowledges that attractive and effective packaging of healthy food is decisive factors that determine how best an organization performs in serving its clients as well as competing with other market players (de Droog, Valkenburg & Buijzen, 2010).
However, junk food is increasingly popular in the US and in Thailand. This has enhanced childhood obesity cases and as a result, led to more complications including cardiovascular, diabetic and cancerous issues. However, boys in the US report more obesity cases than girls and this is not the case in Thailand.
In essence, many parents may not be willing to follow such advertisements in the future and it reduces the level of selling unhealthy food to children in a given time. Unhealthy foods including beverages increase health risks to children therefore; effective marketing must always be practiced to provide accurate and quality information. This is aimed at assuring children and parents of the value of purchasing healthy foods from a vender.
Design elements strictly used to advertise healthy foods for children play a crucial role in informing and influencing clients to buy a specific product. Promotional and packaging elements including color are very crucial in attracting a buyer’s attention as well as creating a positive first impression in the minds of target audience. Additionally, promotional messages displayed on the packages display messages that reveal the name of the product, its brand, type and description.
The message also has different graphics to persuade and impress clients to purchase food. This research study closely analyses how effective marketing and advertising can promote sale of healthy foods for children (Hammons & Fiese, 2011). The USA has advanced more in technology use and laws to protect children from consumption of unhealthy food.
On the contrary, Thailand has taken great steps in ensuring that providers and suppliers guarantee healthy foods at all times. However, this is highly limited by use of messages and promotional strategies to induce children and parents to purchasing unhealthy foods offered at cheaper prices and are worthless. This dissertation therefore focuses on how successful and effective foodstuff marketing can be in addition to effective design of the food and as well as parental involvement elements in an effort to achieve set goals.
Lack of parental support, failed design, inefficiencies in development of programs and failed packaging elements have been closely linked to unsuccessful marketing of healthy foodstuff for the children. In Thailand and in the USA, organizations that handle beverages and food for the children often reassess and rethink of their level of compliance with these factors to provide valuable and quality services.
However, American industries are technologically advanced and fit when it comes to use of promotional elements and designing that is the case in Thailand. Winning the judgment of children and assuring them that what is offered to them is the best has very difficult. In the food industry, it requires more than simple eating habits to ensure health foods are consumed at all times.
This is based on the fact that children are not always in a closed environment and they regularly engage in a wide range of activities that involve movement from one place to the other (Glanz, Bader, & Lyer, 2012). Researchers additionally believe that many children love to eat a variety of food while travelling to school or at home. In such place, they get varying promotional messages and react differently based on their desires.
In this relevance, children may be tempted to consume unhealthy food especially when no follow up is carried out. Therefore, effective marketing is a very important determinant of how healthy the food that children consume is in and out meals or while at home. Effective marketing also involves giving factual information on calories content, nutritional data of food and the importance of having a balanced diet for the children at all times.
Healthy advertisement is very good because it ensures parents and children make the right choices and save on cash. Even though packed meals are costly, parents who get factual information before purchasing the foodstuff end up saving a great deal on time and money. Additionally, researchers believe that consumption of healthy food plays a crucial role in reducing illnesses and other overweight cases (Knai & Lock, 2012). This saves cash in the long run and helps to improve living standards of families in the long run.
Some of the best marketing strategies that will help win the goodwill of clients and should be adopted include providing information on the importance of washing hands before consuming food, the need to consume well packaged and fresh foods to help prevent unhealthy intake (Harris, Schwartz, & Brownell, 2009). However, it has been realized that junk foods are popular and best marketed amongst the children. This is because children below 8years do not understand the purpose of advertisements hence, easily deceived by marketers.
As a matter of fact, many children do not differentiate between television presentation and commercial programs in relation to what thy offer for healthiness. Food companies on the other hand are required to consider marketing a social responsibility therefore, they should be accountable for all their actions and the information they provide.
Involvement of parents in the programs of children is additionally very crucial in ensuring that foods that children consume are very healthy. This study therefore links engagement of family members in what children consume for body fitness and weight loss. Research also shows that healthy families stay and feel connected, thus, parents can easily influence what foods their children should consume.
Researchers have also realized that supportive families have high impact on healthiness of their children due to the changes they suggest and implement in their body activities and their eating habits. Children grow well on shared structure build by their parents (Levin & Levin, 2010). Parents are therefore, a driving force for the family’s eating habits and the kind of activities they engage in because they device on the foods to be consumed, when and in what place.
Parents therefore, ought to closely analyze the content and type of foodstuff very critically before recommending them for family. Family solidarity is additionally, one of the best motivators for collective change in bodily function and eating behaviors. Researchers have also established that children in America do not walk and bike even in short distances and this is not the case in Thailand (Knai & Lock, 2012). Children in Thailand are therefore much healthy and active.
Involvement of parents influence eating habits of children as well as their choices of food because of believe and trust they have in their parents. Attitudes, values and beliefs are also exhibited by family members that make decisions and the resulting impact. Additionally, parents get involved in occasional treats in cases where the family is expected to purchase foodstuff from outside caterers.
America and Thailand are known to have major food companies that provide foodstuffs in packages. In such cases, parents have to critically quantify and value the foods, their negative effects, calorie content and the benefits they provide. Studies relate to the consistency of the environment to how much parents put in to prevent consumption of junk food and how they embrace supportive healthy standards.
Parents should at all times fight food especially in the native food companies to ensure that children are healthy emotionally and body wise (Ogba & Johnson, 2010). Vegetables alongside fruits are some of the foodstuffs that should be encouraged for consumption. Parents should additionally ensure that children do not get access to a lot of sodas and snacks in the house while encouraging them to understand the secret behind healthy recipes provided by informational journals and magazines. Similarly, they should understand what is best for their children and have the best nutritional information to help them make wise decisions at all times.
Food packaging takes different styles and forms of messaging and information. The design carries out diverse elements of advertisement and branding including color, graphics and text. Promotion of packed food is also very necessary when it comes to sales in any aggressive retail environment. These market outlets include cafes, groceries and special retail food stores. They are competitive and there is need to closely look at the design of underlying promotional framework.
Thailand also uses packaging mini cans and it places firms in a better place to achieve their promotional objectives. The design should also be set in a manner that little time is spent by an individual to take note of the product. Packaging also helps shoppers to make the right choices and to identify a variety of strategic instruments that aid in the design process (Hammons & Fiese, 2011). This may involve use of design application for development purposes alongside production.
These programs will make strategic results that have excellent possibilities of a pack bought by a consumer. Different pack formats are also available to different food stores and companies for utilization ensuring that children settle for heathy and quality food whenever they visit the stores.
Designers should additionally think of packaging containers in respect to shape, sizes, color and inscriptions thereon. Stockpiling time for each product should be of major concern where some products can be stocked only for a short period of time. Enhancing brand packaging and its influential capacity is also of importance when it comes to ensuring that clients settle for the product.
Advertisers however ought to avoid providing false sales information in regards to the products they market. This is to help clients makes the right decisions based on factual and decisive information. Thailand firms dealing in healthy foods for the children should also consider using proper packaging materials to ensure intent and desires are rightfully made.
Beautiful packaging however is not a guarantee of healthiness and quality of foods in stores. Texts convey brand description and product information (Levin & Levin, 2010). Graphics on the other hand use visual symbols that attract the attention of clients and convey a very strong desire to buy. Characters used in the packaging should also help to enhance the trust of a client. To enhance promotion efforts, the packaging needs clear advertisement texts that clearly provide product description.
Parents in Thailand and the US should display dynamic efforts to ensure their children make the right and best eating habits decisions. This involves activities that children engage in, in the process of ensuring body healthiness and keeping fit. Effective marketing helps to enhance promotional strategies and that the right information on healthy food for children packaging is provided at all times (Hawkes, 2010).
Successful utilization of packaging and design elements including graphics, color and text also increases the possibility of increased sales. However, more research into the study should be considered to help develop use of promotional texts for truthful and healthy advertisement as opposed to financial gains (Knai & Lock, 2012).
This study notes that children in the US should be closely encouraged to exercise and to consume healthy food than in Thailand. This is based on the fact that the rate of inactiveness in America is very high compared to Thailand and it is attributed to technical actions and infrastructural advancements.
Campos, S., Doxey, J., & Hammond, D. (2011). Nutrition labels on pre-packaged foods: a systematic review. Public health nutrition, 14(8), 1496.
de Droog, S. M., Valkenburg, P. M., & Buijzen, M. (2010). Using brand characters to promote young children’s liking of and purchase requests for fruit. Journal of health communication, 16(1), 79-89.
Glanz, K., Bader, M. D., & Iyer, S. (2012). Retail grocery store marketing strategies and obesity: an integrative review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 42(5), 503-512.
Hammons, A. J., & Fiese, B. H. (2011). Is frequency of shared family meals related to the nutritional health of children and adolescents? Pediatrics, 127(6), 1565-1574.
Harris, J. L., Schwartz, M. B., & Brownell, K. D. (2009). Marketing foods to children and adolescents: licensed characters and other promotions on packaged foods in the supermarket. Public Health Nutrition, 13(3), 409.
Hawkes, C. (2010). Food packaging: The medium is the message. Public health nutrition, 13(2), 297-299.
Knai, C., & Lock, K. (2012). Stakeholdersû Perceptions of Factors Influencing Fast Food Consumption in Thai Adolescents. Journal of Health Science-วารสาร วิชาการ สาธารณสุข, 21(1), 10-22.
Levin, A. M., & Levin, I. P. (2010). Packaging of healthy and unhealthy food products for children and parents: The relative influence of licensed characters and brand names. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 9(5), 393-402.
Ogba, I. E., & Johnson, R. (2010). How packaging affects the product preferences of children and the buyer behaviour of their parents in the food industry. Young Consumers: Insight and Ideas for Responsible Marketers, 11(1), 77-89.
Comparison of W.S Jevons’ and A. Marshal’s Thoughts
The economic market is characterized with different economic agents whose objective is to obtain high satisfaction levels from market activities. As it is the case, main economic markets talked about include labor market, commodity market and foreign exchange market (Chin & Hock 212).
Every market has its economic actors who aim at deriving maximum satisfaction from market operations. Therefore, optimization has become relevant in every segment. This is to say that many companies aim at cutting down on production costs and maximizing on revenues as well as output obtained from different production processes.
Consumers also aim at getting high utility levels from their consumption bundles and minimizing their expenditures. From the two cases, economic actors are known to be rational in their decisions to purchase and sell products and services in different markets. Under given circumstances, the economy can operate efficiently in a monopolistic market structure where suppliers and or firms are the only determinants of market prices.
Similarly, consumers can consider different modes of operation especially those that prevent sellers from exercising their market rights. In the event of such occurrences, the market is considered monopolistic and it is very common in labor markets. This paper therefore analyzes situations are offered by Alfred Marshall and William Stanley Jevons.
It happens that Jevons and Marshall are neoclassical economists. The two economists employ approaches that provide economic analysis based on determination of market prices, income distributions and outputs in different markets as per demand and supply. The two economists according to their views strongly believe that economic players pursue the urge to maximize their utility area to certain constrains including the cost of production, competition from other actors and individual income.
Jevon’s thoughts in a close examination reveal that an economic actor has the right to decide the market to operate in, choose from an existing market and settle for the best choice from various commodity products as they emerge from the market. According to Jevon, economic good should at all times have a characteristic of recognition by economic actors who are in a position of satisfying their needs (Chin & Hock 217).
According to economic actors, an economic good should bring pleasure to its producers other that causing just pain. This is the concept by which, different scholars derive the meaning of consumer and producer production. Economic actors according to Jevons, in specific consumers make valuable judgment on level of utility they derive from consuming a service or product (Chin & Hock 219). Jevons offers his assumptions that individuals may be willing to spend more money on additional commodities consumed to the point where marginal utility begins to diminish.
With the consideration, one can easily assume that utility is highly measurable in terms of units of products consumed. Economic actors according to Jevons also maximize on level of utility derived from a product through prioritization because their actions are fully constrained by the ability to purchase.
Jevons in his prediction also argues that the urge of an economic actor is to optimize even in little market operations to the extent of making choices similar to those they make when purchasing (Bazen & Stephen 215). Jevon to this extent offers a utilization method that provides a shift from common optimization models. His introduction of a model that depicts operations of an economic market places his work in critical point for criticism.
The model of operation for Jevon is based on the concept that market actors operate based on their interests. This is to say that any additional value consumed or produced should provide the highest levels of satisfaction to an economic actor. If a market is characterized with production of goods in bundles for consumption, the bundles namely X and Y, a utility that maximizes the actor will offer the same quantities of goods X and Y, to ensure equal Marginal Utilities (Bazen & Stephen 125).
That is to also say, Mux=MUy and this is contrary to Marshall’s view in regards to additional utility generated from consumption of an extra commodity unit. Marshall’s view also revolves around prices of different commodities as the only determinants of the level of satisfaction of an economic actor.
Marshall intends that any actor in the market would be more than willing to pay an extra amount for any additional utility derived from consumption of a specific product or service. He also intensifies his rationale by making a market proposal that it has ability of supplying different bundles including bundles X and bundles Y, where the ratio of the two Marginal Utilities of two goods should be equal to their prices (Bazen & Stephen 126). To be exact, Mux/MUy=Py/Px so that Mux.Px=MUy.Py.
The equation representing utilization of good X according to Jevons, is such that U=f(X) and the marginal utility of goods (MUx) would be a derivative of the function U=f(X), and to be precise du/dx=f’(x) =MUX (Cropp &Truman 278). In this relevance, Jevons employs differential calculus to provide a model that can be efficiently used to determine total marginal utility of a product.
Total utility for an economic actor according to Marshall on the other hand is given as U=f(x, y), so that by employing cross partial derivatives, the total utility of the actor is generated. To be exact, du=f’(x) dx + f’(y) dy (Cropp & Truman) 278. However, Marshall and Jevons accept that the willingness of an actor to pay for a specific service or good largely depends on marginal utility of the product.
Marshall proposes that marginal utility would be very important in analyzing market trends but there is not in determining its demands as argued by Jevons. Marshall’s point of view indicates that the sole factor that affects demand and supply of goods and services is market price. His view offers support to theories presented by David Ricardo and Adam Smith in their classical thinking (Messina, Michelacci, Turunen & Zoega 143).
Jevons intentions still under different market operations shift to operations in a labor market. His analysis focuses on demand and supply of labor under the right market competition (Vettori 334). The supplier of labor services in labor market is the employee or the worker while the demander of the services is the firm or the employer. The interaction between an employer and employer in regards to exchange labor services for wages results into creation of a labor market.
The market operates under set conditions and each actor has a unique motive from the others. Generally, the aim of an employee is to maximize his or her wage and work within the shortest time possible. An employer on the other hand expects the employee to dedicate his or her time for the work under the lowest pay. There seems to be a conflict of interest between the two and each participant tends to optimize the benefits that would arise from his or her role in the market, based on market labor analysis.
It also seems that there is an initial disutility amongst workers as per Jevon’s theory of labor amongst the workers in production of different products and services (Vettori & Stella 110). He presupposes that a reduction in output level in initial operation stages can be efficiently explained by lack of motivation amongst the workers and the drive to produce.
To be precise, workers utility happens to diminish as they produce more output at the initial production stages. Jevon bases his theory on the concept that with waning marginal product of labor, any employee can provide his or her services to the point where the last unit of marginal utility produced is equal to marginal disutility of the unit of labor used to produce it.
As a result, labor could be optimal (Cropp & Truman 301). Even so, Jevons tends to fail to take into consideration interests of the firm when presenting his arguments. His theory does not explain how the company would optimize in the event where an employee refuses to provide his or her labor services to the company.
According to Marshall, the operation of a firm and workers is mainly based on employment terms and objectives of the firm (Bazen & Stephen 127). The main objective of a firm is to make the most of its output and at the lowest price possible. This could mean that the cost of employment has to go down in the event where a company wishes to cut down on its operation costs, or other ways would be used to recover costs of employment (Messina, Michelacci, Turunen, & Zoega 144).
A firm, in an effort to maximize on its profits would want to hire more employees to the point where marginal productivity of each employee is equal to the salary paid by the firm. According to Marshall, MUL=w/p under employment terms, where MUL refers to marginal product of each employee and w is nominal wage while p is output price (Bazen & Stephen 201).
Additionally, Marshall proposes that market prices (P) of most goods would equal their production costs, calculated after considering production costs. More firms would gain market entry is they were to charge high prices thus creating high competition thus, the prices of different goods would drop (Messina, Michelacci, Turunen & Zoega 156). Consequently, with reduced prices of goods, wages of workers would also rise alongside the productivity.
To this end, Marshall proposes that firms and workers under a healthy competition gain equally. This is quite different from what Jevons proposes.
In conclusion, the two theories analyze various economic situations and the role played by economic actors in a given market segment (Bazen & Stephen 131). The entire role of economic actors is illustrated in the two models and it helps in explaining explicit actions taken by different product suppliers in creating prices that match their production processes.
Whereas market forces works towards creating steady conditions in market prices and goods supplied, it would also be very important if a person analyzes critically the actions of economic actors towards price change as proposed by different economic theories and policy makers. The market would in general be even when the interests of producers match the interests of the consumer, in which case, the market is considered to have cleared.
Bazen, Stephen. Econometric Methods for Labour Economics, 2011. Print.
Chin, Anthony, and Hock G. Ng. Economic Management and Transition Towards a Market Economy: An Asian Perspective. Singapore: World Scientific, 1996. Print.
Cropp, Robert A, and Truman F. Graf. Market Adjustments Confronting Wisconsin Fluid Milk Processors. Madison: Research Division, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 1972. Print.
Messina, J, C Michelacci, J Turunen, and G Zoega. Labour Market Adjustments in Europe. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Pub, 2006. Internet resource.
Vettori, Stella. Changing commodity and Labour Markets: Social and Economic Impacts of the Demographic Time Bomb. Farnham: Ashgate, 2010. Print.
How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay
It is always advisable that students should know how to write a critical analysis essay in order to improve academic performance. However, knowing how to craft critical analysis essays could also enable you to take your general writing skills to another level. In fact, it is one of the best ways through which you can easily master the art of writing good academic papers. Apart from writing guidelines, this section will also highlight critical analysis essay samples for greater motivation on how to write a critical analysis essay.
A critical analysis essay is a common assignment whereby you are required to write or make an argument about a given piece of work, like a movie, poem, book, painting, article, song or any other. A good critical analysis essay paper should present a clear and logical evaluation of the given work, including the arguments of the author and how he or she has managed to communicate the message contained in the work.
Most students often think that critical analysis essays are written to summarize a given piece of work. However, that is not right. Knowing how to write a critical analysis essay requires that you present a comprehensive evaluation of the work, highlighting more information that may not be obvious to many people. A critical analysis should help others to understand the given piece of work much better than when reading or watching it.
Tips on how to write a critical analysis essay
Writing a critical analysis essay may seem challenging to many, but it can be very simple when you prepare and organize your materials well in advance. There are certain points that you need to consider before writing in order to come up with a good analysis essay. The following tips will guide you on how to write a critical analysis essay paper with ease.
Study the work to be analyzed
Remember you can only give a critical analysis when you have a better understanding of the given piece. Therefore, take some time to study the work carefully in order to get the message of the author or creator as intended.
Even if the work may look quite simple and brief, the message of the author may be hidden and you have to carefully study the work in order to get it. In case the work is very long, it is advisable that you read it into parts, taking time to digest every section.
As you study the work, also remember to take notes on key points and also those that may require further research. Noting the main ideas of the work will enable you to effectively analyze the structure.
Define any unique terms and phrases
In most cases, authors or artists use certain phrases or words that many are not conversant with. Besides, some also use figurative language among other techniques, which you should properly define in order to understand the concept of the author.
Establish the appeals used by the author
Critical analysis requires that you explain how the author or creator of the given work has proven his argument. The best way of doing this is by identifying the pathos, logos and ethos used in the piece. With this, you will be able to easily understand the thesis of the author and how it is brought out in the work.
An author may not necessarily use all the appeals but simply choose one or two for the given work. Therefore, only identify those that have been use in the work, including examples or evidences.
Formulate your main argument
Your thesis is the ‘backbone’ of the essay since it is the argument that you will be discussing in the body of the paper. The thesis should be formulated after careful thought and analysis of the entire work. It can be a claim in support of or against the author’s arguments. However, you can also opt to present a balanced analysis that highlights the good and the bad.
The thesis that you come up with should be clear, brief and one that you are able to conclusively prove, using evidence from the given piece of work.
Collect evidence to support your claim
A proper critical analysis essay should present a comprehensive evaluation of the work, with regards to the thesis. Therefore, you should also gather key points that will be used to form the body paragraphs. The number of key points should match the body paragraphs that you intend to include in the paper.
For every key point that you identify, make sure there is sufficient evidence or examples from the piece of work. Remember for every point that you will make, you will be required to back it up with evidence from the original work.
Outline the analysis
Before writing, it is recommended that you prepare an outline for organizing your points or ideas. It should briefly show how you plan to write the paper from the start to conclusion, indicating the main points for every section in the right order.
Steps on how to write a critical analysis essay
A critical analysis essay paper generally has four main part; introduction, summary, your argument and conclusion. Distinguishing the points for each of these sections is important in the delivery of a good critical analysis paper. Follow the steps below to find out how to write a critical analysis essay of the best quality.
Introduce the essay
The opening statements of a critical analysis essay should identify the work being analyzed and also present your thesis. This is to enable your readers to understand the context of the analysis and what to expect in the essay.
Give readers short information about the work, its author and any other related information that can be used to identify it. After that, you should clearly give your key claim or thesis then, end the introduction with a preview showing how your argument will be proven in the essay.
Give a brief summary of the work
This section should also be short and present information that is necessary for your readers to understand the analysis. You do not have to summarize the entire work but only give what is important for your argument.
Present your argument
Based on the thesis for the essay, your arguments should explain the main points supporting that particular claim. You need to use striking sub-arguments to prove your overall claim. Every point that you give in a paragraph should be clearly explained, giving examples to support the argument. In this way, you will be able to make a logical and effective evaluation of the given piece of work.
Although the arguments may be different, you have to make sure that they all link back to your thesis. Don’t simply list points and give examples but try to also go further and give the relevance of the particular argument.
The final part of the essay should remind readers of how your argument has been proven in the essay. Besides, it would also be important to point out the importance of your claim and give any recommendations about the piece of work that was being analyzed.
Sample Critical Analysis Essays
Knowing how to write a critical analysis essay is a process that occurs gradually and requires you to make references from sample papers too. The following are examples of well written critical analysis essay papers that you can also read for more insights.
Critical analysis essay on ‘’Condom use Will Increase the Spread of AIDS’’
‘’The use of condoms to prevent unwanted pregnancies and, even more important, the spread of sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) has been controversial. This critical review examines the article that links condom usage to the spread of AIDS. The article, ‘’Condom use will increase the spread of AIDS,’’ was written by Anthony Zimmerman, a Catholic priest. Based on the article’s title, the author is against the use of condoms to prevent the spread of AIDS and other STDs…’’Read the whole analysis here.
Sample critical analysis essay of ‘’Sir Isaac Newton’’
‘’The article ‘’Sir Isaac Newton,’’ written by Dr. Robert A. Hatch of the University of Florida, is a strong biographical exposition on the famous scientist, mathematician, and philosopher. Dr. Hatch gives brilliant insight into Newton’s struggles, influences and triumphs, covering his childhood and his rise in academia, as well as his contributions to modern science…’’ Continue reading the analysis on this link.
Critical Analysis of three articles on Music and Feminist Pedagogy
‘’The importance of feminism in music has come to the forefront in many colleges and universities. However, for several reasons, one of which is that scholars hold different views on the relevancy and appropriateness of feminism in the musical realm, feminism has not been included as quickly in music as in other fields. Neuls-Bates offers another reason for this lack of speed: ‘’The discipline of women’s studies has been slower to develop in the field of music….’’ Simply click here to read the rest of the sample critical analysis.
In case you may need assistance on how to write a critical analysis essay, do not hesitate to contact us. Besides, you can also refer to our homepage to find out more on how to easily get professional essay writing help online.
Journal Article Analysis
Raban, B.,(2012), Early literacy – audience, context and purpose . Practically Primary, 17( 2),4-5.
Raban states learning begins before children begin to attend school and that the Early Years Framework explains the outcomes and practice of enhancing the learning of children. During the early years before children start formal school are of importance in enhancing as well as encouraging their ability to learn across different aspects of social, physical and cognitive spheres. It is also of importance to bring together education and care instead of putting education down in aspects of education. The structure offers an explanation on regulars and the effects of increasing the knowledge of young children. It is crucial to know the outcomes achieved in order to judge learning through skill, assessments and progress monitoring known as assessment learning. The reform-National Quality Standard measures childhood services and indicates the quality environment that is essential for the early education and learning of a child. The ideas teachers hold on learning is what determines the provision of literacy experience. The assumption made by teachers on how children can become literate either limits or broadens their development chances. Therefore, literacy experiences can be detrmined by the manner and equipments teachers model and how they enhance the efforts made by children. As such educators are limited in anticipations of learning progress. They also lack wider depiction and importance of children reasoning in a literate manner.
Raban, B.,(2012), Early literacy – audience, context and purpose . Practically Primary, 17( 2),4-5.
Raban, in the article suggests review of practices and policies towards the achievement of objectives of early childhood literacy. It is also necessary to appreciate natural links between the growth of the child and early exposure. The recognition of early experience also leads to establishment of home-preschool-school interface which results to appreciation of the significance of educaton on the lives of children. The article also states preschool children are more likely to use print in real life so long as the are within an environment that promotes it.
Raban states those who get support explore meaning of print as well as its use and they demonstrate capacities of using legit writing before formal instruction can be initiated. Australia, measurement was done on how children develop through use of Australian Early Development Index (AEDI, that determines cognitive skills as well as emotional maturity. There was also the Numeracy study that explored realization of numeracy and scenary learning in relation to development in children.the latest regulations and national rules that led to programs of early childhood commencement in order to review their practice as well as an informal amd formal development. So that the instructors can identify learning outcomes, it is important to perform assessment in skills achieved. Literacy basics are also provided based on the related expectaions regardless of the skills that are displayed in Preschool year. The early childhood literacy is of great importance since it sows excitement and professionalism in young ones by giving them courage needed to grow in life with reflection and determination of practice and professionalism.
Bridie Raban, a superior researcher in Australian council for Educational Research’s (ACER) learning programs, teaching and management as well as a voluntary researcher (Eimly Childhood) at the Melbourne Graduate School of Education. Bridie researches on development in the field of Early Childhood as well as literacy development and intervention. She has already established a career in execution of early childhood learning and constant support of untimely international literacy . Bridie has also written an article aimed to prove how children, being exposed to early learning have the ability to use the knowledge they acquire in real life later, exploring experience that is available within their environment.
Raban, B.,(2012), Early literacy – audience, context and purpose . Practically Primary, 17( 2),4-5.
How to Write an Analysis Paragraph
Knowing how to write an analysis paragraph makes writing analytical essays easier. An analysis paragraph is a paragraph that responds to analytical issues. A good analysis paragraph should support the claim or thesis statement that is presented at the end of an introductory paragraph of an analysis essay. It does this by providing evidence, which can be a quote, and explaining how the work and literary features enhance the impact or contribute to the success of the work as a whole piece.
Why you need to know how to write an analysis paragraph
Analysis paragraphs are at the core of research papers, history essays and other writing assignments that require you to demonstrate your ability to think critically and tell others what you are thinking about. Usually, most students are taught how to construct analysis paragraphs in junior high as well as high school. However, knowing how to construct them and practicing their construction will greatly help you in college and university. Any well-paying job requires the employee to process information in an analytical manner.
Additionally, logic requires that ideas and their supporting evidence be conveyed in an analytical manner to convince readers. It is analytical paragraphs that make this presentation possible especially in research papers. Therefore, to write good research papers and other documents, you must know how analysis paragraphs should be written.
A step by step guide on how to write an analysis paragraph
Step 1: Develop a topic sentence for your analysis paragraph
This is a sentence that tells your readers what the paragraph that you are writing is about. It states the main idea of the analysis paragraph. This sentence should be the first one in your analysis paragraph. It should also connect to your thesis statement. Make sure that your topic sentence is not a mere statement of facts but a statement that other reasonable people can argue against or for. The topic sentence should also present an idea that you are passionate about and something that has a crucial meaning to you. Tell readers about something that you are confident that it deserves your expression through this sentence and make it concise.
“The feeling of Mama is that the complications that she and Walter are facing are due to their differences but their differences are in fact caused by their common desire for pride.”
Step 2: Establish context and introduce evidence
The topic sentence should be followed by background information, explanation of the setting, the condition, motivations and characters. These are important because they orient readers to the analysis. Providing evidence after a topic sentence helps in supporting the stated main point in the topic sentence and creating context of the analysis. Some people think that examples or quotes that they use in supporting their thinking speak enough in an analysis. However, this is not true. Although you are thinking, your readers do not know what you are thinking about.
Therefore, your analysis paragraph should:
- Provide a context for the readers before presenting evidence. This should show who the example or quote involves, what is generally happening and when or where it is happening.
- Include details that you consider necessary in establishing a smooth flow of information and ideas in the analysis paragraph.
Step 3: Provide support or examples
After introducing your evidence, you should support it with examples. Choose the examples or support to include in your analysis paragraph wisely. For instance, you can choose a quote that expands on your topic sentence or the main point of the analysis paragraph while allowing for analysis or elaboration. Thus, you should pick a quote that you have something to say about. Additionally, avoid a quote that is simply a repetition of what you have already said or too complex to use in supporting your idea.
Step 4: Write the analysis
This is perhaps, the most important step of a guide on how to write an analysis paragraph. Here, you bring your ideas into play. This part is very important because it is where you express your thoughts and show how the quote or example that you have selected supports the main point that you expressed through the topic sentence.
While writing your analysis:
- Analyze the quote in a clear manner explaining the visible connection between the quote and the main point of the paragraph as expressed in the topic sentence. Do not assume that readers can see the connection.
“The belief of Mama is that due to changes in times, Walter can no longer understand the challenges and difficulties endured by his parents in ensuring that their children have a good life. Consequently, the pride his father and mother had for their family no longer exists.
- Avoid simply restating the quote or using phrases like, “this quote indicates that” or “this quote proves that.”
The analysis section should be the largest in your analysis paragraph trying to prove or support your main point as stated in the topic sentence. It should include a detailed illustration and irrefutable facts with an aim of persuading the audience.
Step 5: Write a profound transitional or concluding sentence
This is the final sentence of your analysis paragraph. It should create a good impression in the readers. Consider your concluding sentence carefully just the way you consider the topic sentence. Make sure that your concluding sentence unveils a specific unseen aspect of the analysis. Avoid a simple restatement of your topic sentence and instead, take a unique approach.
“Although Walter does not win the liquor store, they resolve their differences in the end. They reach an understanding that gives each tremendous pride though the pride of each of them takes a different form.
Checklist for a good analysis paragraph
A good analysis paragraph should have four major elements.
- A topic sentence: This is a clear answer or response to a topic statement or topic question.
- Evidence: This is one or two citations or quotations that support the answer that is presented through the topic sentence.
- Analysis: This comprises of between two to four sentences that explain the topic sentence and the evidence in relation to the stated topic question.
- Concluding sentence: This states the conclusion or the vital thing that is learnt or what comes out clearly in regards to the topic question.
In a properly organized analysis paragraph, these elements work together in creating a unified and coherent piece.
Bonus tips on how to write an analysis paragraph that serves its purpose effectively
While writing an analysis paragraph, think about it as a mini-essay whose aim is to prove a particular aspect of the thesis statement of your overall essay.
- Make sure that your analysis paragraph makes a debatable claim through the topic sentence.
- Provide a proof for the claim and show how the claim is supported by the evidence through your analysis.
- Conclude your analysis paragraph with an effective transition to give your argument a logical flow.
Example of an analysis paragraph
To understand how to write an analysis paragraph better, take a closer look at a well written analysis paragraph.
Here is such an analysis paragraph:
“Alexander the Great became a successful ruler for creating long lasting impacts on cultures which continue up to this day. The creation of the Hellenistic Society is a good example of the legacy of this ruler. Hellenistic society combined the Greek, Egyptian and Persian cultures. During the remarkable time of this society, members of the society were encouraged to develop different arts and pursue education formally. New art designs, science and math that impact on the modern society emerged that time. Were it not for the success of the new culture introduced at the time of Alexander the Great, his legacy would not be as groundbreaking and memorable as it is. By merging cultures and conquering several countries, this ruler has been credited for many achievements throughout history.”
This sample of an analysis paragraph starts with a clear topic sentence, main point or thesis. It identifies the thesis or main point of the paragraph. The second sentence introduces the example by using a specific detail in history, “the Hellenistic society.” This sentence also uses the transition, “a good example” to enhance the logical flow of information. This is followed by the analysis of the main point and the provided example. Part of this analysis is the definition of the Hellenistic society and the explanation of the historical information or detail that follows.
The writer ends the analysis with the explanation of what makes the stated example or evidence important. The writer makes a clear connection of the example or evidence to the argument of the analysis paragraph. Finally, the author concludes the analysis paragraph with a sentence that sums up the thesis or main point of the analysis paragraph. The sentence reminds readers what the thesis statement or main point of the paragraph was and the example that has been used in the paragraph.
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An Easy way of how to write a thesis statement for an essay
A thesis statement is a condensation of your argument or main idea. In academic writing, your thesis statement should appear towards the end of your introduction paragraph. In most cases, a thesis is a single sentence that summarizes the rest of your paper. However, in some cases, especially when writing very long papers, a thesis could be several sentences or a paragraph. Importantly, no essay is complete without a thesis statement. Thus, whether you are preparing to tackle a short essay or your PhD dissertation, you must have the tips of how to write a thesis statement for an essay at your fingertips. This will ensure that you do not go off the tangent as you put together your ideas.
This document will take you through different steps that will help you develop awesome thesis statements whenever you are writing academic essays. Here is what is coming up….
- Importance of a thesis statement
- Developing a thesis statement
- Making your thesis strong
- Examples of thesis statements
Read on and get the facts right…
The basics of how to write a thesis statement for an essay and why you need one
When writing an academic essay, it is important to state the purpose of your paper. The reader wants to know why you writing on the topic. This purpose should come early in your paper to help your audience understand your argument better. Do not hide the aim of your assignment. Here are the functions of an effective thesis statement
States the function of your paper- A thesis should clearly define what you are discussing. What is your argument?
Determines the structure of your paper – An effective thesis statement will dictate the order of your ideas and supporting evidence. This is essential in shaping the structure of your final draft.
Strengthens your argument – One can only tell the strength of your argument by looking at your thesis statement. Use this statement to win your audience by making it captivating.
It guides your audience – As you think about how to write a thesis statement for an essay, have in mind the needs of your readers. A good thesis acts as a compass to you as the writer and as a guide to the reader. It ensures that you are moving together without any disconnect.
With this introduction, let us look at sample thesis statements before we move to the next section:
Example #1: Sample thesis Statement
“Admission panelists in colleges experience a dilemma of admitting students who have high-test scores or those with strong extracurricular backgrounds”.
This is an analytical thesis statement from OWL. If someone were reading an essay with this thesis, he or she would expect the essay to discuss the following in details:
- The process of admitting students in colleges
- Challenges which admission panelists face
Steps of how to write a thesis statement for an essay
Did you know that you could reduce every writing assignment into a single question, regardless of how it is complicated? Well, you first assignment before you start writing your essay should always be finding a suitable question that summarizes the task ahead.
Once you have the question that you are about to answer in your essay, go ahead and summarize your thoughts in two or three sentences.
Here are hints of how to write a thesis statement for an essay to help you master this better:
STEP 1: Brainstorm the topic – The first step is to look at your topic from all angles and write down the ideas, which pop in your mind. Since most of these ideas will be broad, you will have to refine them in order to turn into guiding statements.
Step 2: Narrow your topic – An effective topic is a narrow topic. A narrow topic is specific and focuses on a particular aspect of the issue. This allows you to be focused as you piece together your ideas. For example, instead of talking about Internet as your topic, refine your title. “How the internet has revolutionized communication in the 21st century” narrows down to a specific issue.
Step 3: Take your position on the topic – After narrowing to a specific topic, state what you want to discuss. For example, you may take an opposing position and support your stance throughout your paper. When taking a position, be sure to research and find out evidence backing your angle.
Step 4: Use a specific language – As you draft your thesis, do not use general or vague language. Be clear and concise with what you are saying. The reader must not have any doubts regarding your position and your discussion.
Step 5: Revise your thesis – Mastering how to write a thesis statement for an essay is about giving your best. At this stage, revisit your statement and fine-tune to make it strong and effective. Do not assume anything or leave gaps for the reader to fill. Put everything, as you would want your audience to understand. Examine the following example as you reflect on the five steps above. From the example, you should be able to visualize how the writer employed the strategies we have discussed in this section.
Example #2: Sample Thesis Statement
The following is a thesis statement of an essay titled, We Can Live Without Petroleum. The writer says:
“Petroleum offers a wide range of opportunities and advantages to humanity. However, the world can overcome overreliance oil by exploring alternative sources of energy that are renewable, cost effective and environmentally friendly.”
From this thesis statement, the reader expects the following in the essay:
- Advantages of petroleum as a source of energy
- Disadvantages of petroleum as a source of energy
- Alternative sources of energy in comparison to petroleum
This thesis is specific because it narrows to petroleum as a source of energy.
Writing a strong thesis for your essay
A strong thesis captures your argument and helps your audience to follow your ideas. It is the backbone of your paper, without which you will not accomplish your objectives. How do you make your thesis strong? This section gives you more hints on how to write a thesis statement for an essay without any struggle.
A strong thesis takes a firm stand – A good thesis should state your take on the subject. Tell your audience about your conclusions on the issue you are discussing. A statement that does not take a clear stance is weak. It is likely to give you a weak argument.
A strong thesis qualifies your discussion – Your thesis should be a pointer to your main discussion point.
A strong thesis has one idea – Do not crowd ideas in your thesis statement. Readers want to see one clear issue in your thesis. Multiple thesis statements are likely to confuse your audience. In addition, you are likely to wander as you develop your ideas and loose track.
Example #3: Sample Bad Thesis Statement
Organizations should utilize internet marketing opportunities, and online gurus can offer advertizing and customer support simultaneously.
This example has multiple ideas, making it hard for the reader to follow your argument. When you read this statement, it is not clear if the writer is discussing marketing or online companies.
A strong thesis is specific – Show exactly what you are discussing in your paper. The reader should now flip through several chapters looking for your purpose. Make it clear in your introduction.
As you discover how to write a thesis statement for an essay, it is equally important to understand common mistakes that students make. In the following section, you will learn about these errors plus ways of avoiding them.
The don’ts of how to write thesis statement for an essay
To put together a good thesis statement, avoid the following:
No thesis at all – This is a grave and inexcusable mistake. You must have a thesis statement for all your essays. In cases where your tutor is very strict, he or she may not grade your work if you do not have a thesis statement.
Avoid general statements – Sweeping generalizations are not thesis statements.
Avoid reporting facts – Scientific or documented facts are not thesis statements. Go deeper into in the matter and tell your reader why the issue is important.
Avoid announcing your thesis – Do not publicly announce your thesis. ‘This is paper will discuss A, B, and C’ is a wrong way of stating your argument.
Do not hide your thesis – Your thesis should appear towards the end of your first paragraph.
This document gives you all the secrets of how to write a thesis statement for an essay. With it, you have the key to batter writing experience. All the best.
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Progressive tax is a case whereby the charge of tax increases with the rise in taxable amount. Progressive is used to explain an impact of distribution on expenses or income, detailing the development of the rate from low to high, whereby the average tax rate is lower compared to the marginal tax rate. Besides, it applies to an entire tax system or individual taxes. It decreases the prevalence of people with lower payment abilities and is progressively transferred to those with enhanced disbursement abilities. The concept of tax progressivity is often used in personal income taxes whereby people with higher incomes are required to pay higher amounts of tax, compared to those with lower incomes (Burton and Shelton, 215).
Tax progressivity is applied in the way tax credits and tax exemptions are utilized to generate allotment effects and are considered to be part of the entire system. Some tax systems in many countries give people the opportunity of decreasing taxable income through individual allowances and specific non-business expenses made up of state and local taxes, medical expenditure and interest on mortgage. Tax progressivity systems may impact the creation of revenue for a country or decrease the need for temporary support. The phrase Average Tax Rate Progressivity is applied in reference to change in the rate of average tax, relative to a change around the median income of a given state (Causon 297-307).
The establishment of a tax system by any government is a procedure that is often complex, however, there are efforts and alterations that are usually proposed. The proposals, choices and conclusions that are formulated by the tax system implementation specialists are immensely affected by government outlay processes, financial and the monetary factors, societal or legal and cultural factors. Taxation policies are of great significance in the fulfillment of long and short term aims of any country. Other aspects that governments should also consider in the process of inventing taxation laws include Tax simplification. This is where the government is required to simplify the taxation laws, law pages and systems in order to make it easier for the public to understand them. This is of importance since the aims formulated by the government towards the achievement of taxation system will be simplified.
It is essential to note tax conformity of the citizens during the process of initiating a tax system. The system should give citizens the opportunity of maximizing their personal utility and interacting with others in ways that are in line with the rules and norms. The external environment impacts the approach and implementation of the tax system. The theory of the second best can be applied in researching on the issues to be included in the taxation system. It helps in the establishment of peripheral aspects with regards to the system. For example, taxes should be imposed on counteract impacts like pollution and this can only be ideal if these can influence the costs towards providing a faulty signal on the full cost of the output. They should be in compliance with the tax system without the need for heavy-handed enforcements from the state (Birskyte 78).
Tax optimization is yet another aspect to be looked into since there is need for systems that consider both the needs of an efficient economy and being fair to all those who pay taxes. The system should be able to increase the revenue of the government, towards the achievement of social and economic policies. Another aspect is economic criterion, whereby it should be considered whether the tax will have an impact on economic efficiency through the allocation of resources. Issues of equity are also looked into considering that unfair taxes to the taxpayers are not easy to implement. Identification of risk is important because the tax environment is constantly undergoing changes, whereby the future is not based on the past and international trends are referred to in the identification of changes and areas of risk. Monitoring and evaluation of performance strategies against plan should also be put into consideration in the process of creating a tax system (Birskyte 78).
The United States government enforces taxes on Medicare and social security. Retail sellers and buyers are required to pay taxes, whereby he sellers collect the tax and forward to the government. There are also other enforcement services like hotel rental taxes and admittance tickets, which are usually in an even amount on a daily basis (Pre-Budget Report 62). There are taxes that are levied on merchandise imports to the United States but does not apply to awards presented to the state and goods brought into the country by tourists. Telecommunication services, labor provided for the assembling or maintenance of personal property, commercial parking and maintenance or warranty of items are among the services that are taxed by the US government. Besides, the government also taxes photo processing, books, magazines, phone cards and prepared foods. These taxes are imposed by the government because it believes that it is healthy both socially and economically. Payment of taxes is a personal responsibility for the returns of every citizen and the evasion of taxes usually have dire penalties. The deductions in form of taxes are used in supporting work, home ownership (through deduction of mortgage interest), saving for retirement, military adventures, welfare programs, bureaus funding, agencies, subsidies and global empire (Budget Report 28).
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