Essay 8: American Concert Music to 1945 Quiz
Essay 8: American Concert Music to 1945 Quiz
- St. Cecilia Society’s purpose was to enhance organization of concerts
- Its location was Charleston, North America
- It was established in 1762
- Dilettante refers to an individual who involves himself or herself in a certain area that interests him/her such as arts without real commitment or knowledge of that area.
- A dilettante and a “Gentleman Amateur” are the same
- Thomas Jefferson and Francis Hopkinson are two dilettantes of the early colonial times
- People know Francis Hopkinson for composing an ancient song in art, My Days Have Been so Wondrous Free, Thomas Jefferson on the other had is popularly known as a violin player as well as a writer of important essays regarding the African slaves’ music.
- William Billings became a famous person after composing the fuguing tunes
- A fuguing tune refers to a hymn that was particularly sacred and deployed by ancient American composers during the American Revolution. The tunes are composed for a cappella with a four-part chorus and placed in the tenor voice. The tune is later harmonized to rhyme with the block chords. Once a fuguing section has been included, every voice must enter at a time while singing an original tune although there may be a slight version with the last phrase being chordal.
- Anthony Philip Heinrich refers to an immigrant from Bohemian who visited America in 1805 after which he immigrated into America in 1910 with the intention of becoming a businessman. Later, he reversed the initial intention and became a composer, a musician and eventually a conductor.
- While in Europe and America, he was known by the nickname “America’s Beethoven”.
- He passed away in 1861.
- Louis Moreau Gottschalk wrote The Last Hope and The Banjo
- The sound difference between the Union and The Last Hope as well as The Banjo is that the union includes patriotic airs and rolling drums. It is also written in a virtuosic manner which is different from The Last Hope and The Banjo. The rhythm of The Banjo is syncopated which is a characteristic of the music of the African slaves. The Last Hope is a flowery saccharine piece with a European style.
- The birth land of Gottschalk was Creole South, New Orleans
- Gottschalk passed away in Brazil
- Initially, he was buried in a cemetery in Rio de Janeiro. However, he was reburied in the Brooklyn Cemetery that is located in New York.
- John Knowles Paine was the academic composer’s prototype
- He pursued advanced training in music in Germany
- He taught music that was German-oriented at Harvard in the US
- He had an association with a composers’ group called The Second New England School
- The work of the Americans, George Whitefield Chadwick and Charles Martin Loeffler indicates a shift in preference of the American composers from France in terms of music.
- Loeffler had a colleague student, a Frenchman Claude Debussy during his childhood years.
- Programmatic music refers to a special music style that uses a kind of additional non-musical effects and material that give the audience information which enhances listening experience. The additional material can be a type of events, pictures, poems, painting, texts or dancing. Instrumental music that does not include a text or a vocalist is also called program music.
- “To a Wild Rose” is an example of programmatic music by MacDowell.
- “First Piano Concerto” is an example of abstract music by MacDowell.
- MacDowell embraced abstract music writing style in Europe. This music style is about tones only without any attachment to a visual scene or story.
- The father of Charles Ives used to conduct sessions of ear training at the table where the family used to have dinner. Some family members would sing the accompaniment as one key and the others would sing the melody as the other key.
- The fragments of the song by Stephen Foster that are heard in the Black March by Ives come from the Old Black Joe
- The work of Ives, The Housatonic at Stockbridge may be seen as his transcendental experience since it paints his tone’s picture and that of his wife as they walk along River Housatonic which has a mist of the church choir’s sound that come from the bank on the opposite side. This feeling causes an extraordinary sensation of divinity.
- No, my view is that Ives would not call me “sissy ears”
- This is because of the truth that I like creative music as well as cases where musicians go beyond their method of mixing different classes and genres of music in order to come up with an extra ordinary and creative piece.
- Yes, I have enjoyed a transcendental experience in the past
- I had this experience while viewing the Giatto’s “Mother and Child Enthroned”. This was a divine experience where I felt The Virgin Mary’s and Jesus Christ’s presence inside the room. I could feel God’s presence though invisible. I could sense God guiding me. He was telling me that if I believed in Jesus, my life would be improved.
- The decision of Ives was to write while on holidays and weekends only since he was not willing to abandon the music direction that he had chosen. He started living a dual life of a composer and a businessman on graduating from the Yale University in 1898. He compromised an insurance executive’s job by opting to compose his music during the holidays and weekends.
- The peak composing period of Ives was between 1890s and 1919.
- His composition was highly affected by the heart attack that he suffered in 1918.
- To me, Schelomo has a Jewish sound
- The song uses musical instruments in a conservative manner which gives it a Jewish sound
- Ernest Block composed Schelomo.
- La Creation du Monde by Milhaud and Rhapsody in Blue by Gershwin differ in that, the piece by Milhaud presents a two-part composition that has a slower Prelude that has a beginning section with a contrapuntal section that follows it like the Bach Chorale Prelude. The end points or cadences have notable jazz elements. These used obvious clichés of jazz. Rhapsody in Blues (1924) by Gershwin on the other had is a true synthesis between jazz and classical music.
- Gershwin blended the European jazz. However, the classical music gave it a more American sound.
- “Rhapsody in Blue” depicts a nature that is more of American that European
- This is due to the fact that this piece was composed with the thought of a European format while Gershwin work was composed without a hint of the European format.
- The term postmodern is used in reference to the past three decades’ music done in the 20th
- To fully comprehend the word postmodern, the word modern should be interpreted to mean anything innovative and new in music. It can also be used as a means of identifying new or latest things.
- Here are the meanings of modern:
- Something innovative and new in music. A means of identifying new or latest things
- Experimental or radical music body that was composed between 1920 and 1970 which separates it from the styles of the other periods.
- Five popular modernist composers before 1945:
- Edgard Varse (from 1883 to 1965)
- Henry Cowell (from 1897 to 1965)
- Harry Partch (from 1901 to 1974)
- Lou Harrison (from 1917 to 2003)
- John Cage (from 1912 to 1992)
- The first composer that was associated with the modern music via the publication of the book, New Musical Resources was Henry Cowell.
- The microtonal 43-tones to octave techniques were associated with Harry Partch.
- Music for Prepared Piano was written by John Cage.
- The Roll One sound clip produces the sounds of a piano, drums, xylophones, and propellers of a steel airplane, sirens and electric bells.
- Yes, my view is that the composer ought to be compared to Italian futurists.
- This is due to the fact that his music has tiny motives with accents that keep changing, endless repetition and superimposition which creates a music fabric with a Russian master’s resemblance which could be compared to the Italian futurists’ music. The futurists also used noise in creating their music.
- Aaron Copland could identify with the common man’s plight and he had leftist political ideas and beliefs that prompted him to compose audience-friendly music that the masses could access during the period of Depression.
- Four popular compositions that he came up with from 1936 to 1944 are:
- The Common Man Fanfare (1942)
- Rodeo (1942)
- The orchestra’s El Salon Mexico (1936)
- Billy the Kid (1938)
- Aaron Copland, in conjunction with Verese and Cowell was composing the modern music sounds in the 1920s.
- Adagio for strings is a composition by Samuel Barber that is used in the USA during crisis since the time when the death of President Roosevelt was announced officially in 1945 (through the radio) as well as the death of President Kennedy’s announcement (on the television).
- The dominant instrument in the sound clip is the violin. This includes viola, bass, cello and violin.
I was caught by surprise in terms of the American Classical music concert by the fact that America took a long time before having their original music. This is due to the fact that my thought was that America was the earliest society to compose music without foreign influences.
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Essay sample on Amino Acids Benefits
Amino acids can be simply defined as small molecules that build proteins. There are two classes, essential and non-essential amino acids. All these are required by the body for several functions. Essential cannot be synthesized by the body and are obtained from the diets that we consume. Non-essential on the other hand, can be internally produced by the body. Read on to find out the benefits that we can obtain from amino acids.
There are several roles that are played by amino acids in our bodies. One of them is that they have the ability to enhance antioxidant activity. This simply means that they can help in combating build up of excess fats in our bodies. According to research, it has been established that they can help in burning abdominal fat in women after menopause. However, it can also have the same effect in men too.
They can also help in the retention of muscle mass. Amino acids are used in making complex proteins that are renowned for building muscles when combined with exercises. However, studies have shown that amino acids can significantly benefit muscles even without intensive workouts. Even for those who take part in exercises, amino acids are still important to help in muscle recovery after training sessions. With this, there is no doubt that amino acids can deliver an improved exercise performance.
There are six that have been proven to help in reducing and preventing loss of hair. These six include arginine, cysteine, methionine, lysine, glycine and proline. Arginine is an amino acid that produces keratin and also helps in minimizing diseases that are related to hair loss. Besides, it also enhances immune function. Methionine and cystenine are ideal for protecting the hair follicles from oxidative stress. Lysine, glycine and proline help in the production of collagen.
They can also help in reducing arthritis. Arginine and methionine help in curing arthritis through reducing inflammation and aiding the repair of joints. Research has shown that methionine has effects that are similar to the impacts of conventional anti-inflammatory medication. Arginine on the other hand, can enhance the healing of inflammatory processes. Besides, it also improves circulation, thereby enabling the transfer of nutrients to various body parts including the joints.
They can also correct erectile dysfunction. Among the various kinds of amino acids, arginine is considered to be the most effective remedy for erectile dysfunction since it helps in improving circulation. It is the main building block in Nitrogen Monoxide molecule that helps in controlling relaxation of arteries. This further helps in regulating the flow of blood throughout the entire body. With this, people who are suffering from erectile dysfunction are able to withstand erection for a prolonged period of time.
They can also slow down the ageing process. Glutamic acid, glycine and cystanine are the three amino acids that have strong anti-oxidant properties. This enables them to prevent damage of cells by free radicals. As a result of this, the body is able to maintain healthy tissues, thus, stay young.
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PROMOTION OF THE GREEN CULTURE WITHIN ORGANIZATIONS
Promotion of the Green Culture within Organizations
Today, the world is characterized by greening culture that has become integrated into the core aspect of society in order to avert climate change effects as well as promote sustainable protection of the environment. There has been formation and implementation of a myriad of rules, regulations and laws at organizational and government level aimed at enhancing environmental sustainability. A large percentage of organizations have implemented effective measures for these rules and laws. However, implementation of the rules and laws is not sufficient to enhance environmental sustainability. This is due to technical fixes which cannot be considered sufficient for green change in employees and management (Harris and Crane 2000, 215).
Instillation of behavioral change related to green culture is not easy doe to a myriad of barriers and challenges to changing perceptions present for employees and managers. Literature dictates lack of motivation in pursuing a given objective or goal is can be an impediment that is quite serious in generation of the desired results that an objective or goals aims to achieve. This analogy can be evidenced by the comments of manager regarding choice between organizational success and objectives. Majority believed the core principle of their companies is enhancement of revenues and profitability, while environmental sustainability takes second place (Harris and Crane 2000, 220). Additionally, , they believe consideration of the necessity for green culture can be done effectively it comes with economic benefits that are substantial with their social responsibility to society deemed as irrelevant in business environment (Harris and Crane 2000, 220).
There are numerous risks linked with organizations that conform to green culture. Top on the list is resistance to change by not only employees but the management which results in the contravention of the company’s effectiveness and productivity. Forcing laws, requirements and rules for organizational change on the basis of green culture model is deemed unfair or cumbersome for purposes of implementation. As such, this means there will arise dissociations and conflicts which lead to poor management of customers, employees and resources which ultimately as great effects on the organization.
The organization is also at risk of economic and competition sabotage. Competitors who have adopted green culture can have their products considered as environment friendly which in turn drives sales upwards. This can result in products of other companies suffering from reduced sales and subsequent revenues. Lack of adherence to green culture can also force revenues and sales as a result of societal and consumer perceptions that a company is not taking its social responsibility seriously. This can paint a company as selfish and operating to achieve its needs only without taking into consideration the serious environmental effects it causes as a result of its operations.
Additionally, lack of adhering to environmental sustainability can also result to hefty fines, taxes and levies on the company due to flouting environmental safety rules, standards and laws. The charges serve the purpose of increasing company expenses and reducing profitability. Managers have also adapted and reiterated that green culture has to a great extent, affected their decision making within organizations. This means some decisions in conflict with green culture have experience delays or rejection in passage or implementation. As such, this negatively affects the performance of the company. However, some managers believe green culture effect on decision making has its overall positive effect on the agenda of a company (Harris and Crane 2000, 221). This has resulted in employees having social moral and responsibility, which in turn drives their output as they believe their work will have a positive effect on the community.
Harris, C. L. and Crane, A., 2000. The greening of organizational culture: management views on the depth, degree, and diffusion of change. Journal of organization change management. 15(3), 214-234.
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Towards More Strategic and Self Directed Careers essay sample
Towards More Strategic and Self Directed Careers
Towards More Strategic and Self Directed Careers
The current economic context, highlighted by increase in competition has forced a large number of businesses to deploy HR activities which until recently, were neglected. The article “Towards More Strategic and Self Directed Careers” indicates that more organizations and companies have begun development and enhancement of career development systems and organized plans for employees. In human resource, career management aims at identifying the goals, prospects and needs of individuals in profession as well as executing the increasing human resource plans in order to support the vocations. Career planning has proven to be a continual discovery process where individuals are able to develop their occupational concepts as a result of abilities, aspirations, skills, motivations and needs of their individual value system. It is a systematic and comprehensive process that targets the implementation and development of career strategies, analysis of opportunities and self-assessment as such, evaluating the results (Joo & Park, 2010).
The process of developing and planning careers involves both organizational and personal responsibility. People are supposed to identify their ambitions, abilities and use therapy and appraisal for purpose of evaluating development and training requirements. Organizations, however are supposed to identify needs and opportunities and plan employees in order to ensure there is information available for development of career and training. While planning a career, there are a couple of issues one ought to consider. First, members of an organization should be recognized and treated as individuals with unique skills, desires and needs. Secondly, individuals are supposed to be motivated to work in organizations that have value for their aspirations. Additionally, people can also change, develop and discover some new courses of action if they are shown exact opportunities, guided and encouraged. Employees need more activities of career counselling which should be in the form of formal activity within the human resource department. Special career counseling services should consist of psychological specialists who have an understanding of both organizational and individual needs. This makes it easy for good alignment with individual needs that make it easy to fulfill organizational objectives.
This paper is well organized and it portrays the importance of individual career planning in goals establishment, self-assessment and activities exploration designed to assist people make choices that are informed and changes regarding their careers. It highlights a systematic action requiring critical thinking in objectives formulation. The article, however, explains different factors that fuel the perception of individual career choice like an individual’s family circumstances, financial expectations, age, life and desired lifestyle. On top of this, organizations that maintain competitive advantage equip employees with right positions and proper skills. The employee types and skills vary depending on economic sector, scope of the business, consumer characteristics and technology. I am in agreement with the argument peculiar organizations affect the employees’ type, job structure and development ways for the job. Reduced job opportunities within organizations and restrictive managerial levels lead to alterations I conventional route to the career development plan of a firm.
This article, is easily found in retail stores and online shops. The concepts are applicable to United Arab Emirates in several organizations to boost success. For example, it is of great use for both organizations and individuals to understand the rate of the current employees’ sideways promotion, multiple development of skills and job rotation. Additionally, systems of career planning increase the satisfaction of employees as it makes it possible for them to recognize and take a stand that is firm regarding their objectives and policies. Career planning systems tend to be multifaceted and emphasis on mechanisms like reality check, setting goals, self- assessment as well as planning activities. This will aid UAE organizations towards ensuring their companies are productive. Finally, an organization is supposed to provide necessary resources for employees to achieve success in their careers such as career centers, career planning guides, career workshops, career directions and counselling. This will ensure employee potential is fully harnessed for the benefit of the organization. Therefore, these concepts can be applicable to all organizations even those in UAE. Information in this paper is useful to the counselor as it aids in forming the basis on which they can offer efficient consultation. Thus, it is recommended for different organizations and professionals for purposes of maximizing on the HR potential.
Joo, B. K. B., & Park, S. (2010). Career satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention: the effects of goal orientation, organizational learning culture and developmental feedback. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 31(6), 482-500.
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