Kids getting older Young
Kids getting older Young
According to studies conducted in the recent years, it is reported that kids are growing faster than ever before. Marketers agree that kids between the ages of three to five years old today behave like children aged eight and nine in the past decades. They are highly aware of brand influences and knowledge compared to the kids of their age in the past years. In this time and age, kids are more exposed to sexual activities, violence, drugs and technology. As a result of all these, kids are introduced to brands that are advertised through these means, at very tender ages. Children who are exposed to programming and televisions are more aware of the brands as a result of the commercials that are broadcast in different slots of the shows.
To some extent, it can be said that managers are to blame for kids getting older young, especially those from well accomplished companies. These big organizations tend to broadcast their adverts on strategic places that are easily accessible to teenagers like vending machines, and schools. Children are then forced to accept that in order to fit and look beautiful, they have to use the products that are being advertised. However, it can also be lack of responsibility on the part of kids that lead them towards acting older. Most of the programs that are aired on TV and online are mainly targeted at adults, but kids watch them too. As a result of this, children are exposed to things that are not appropriate for their ages.
Companies like Goodwin Design Group, are committed to the production of products that are suitable for both kids and their families. The company engages in user-centric and co-creation design since its inception. It is able to achieve this by involving kids and their families in the process of improving products that they need and also manufacturing.
To easily learn how to write an outstanding paper on Kids Getting Older Young, simply refer to the article in this section.get the best academic writing help from best essay writing services at EssaysExperts.net
Clements, Rhonda L, and Leah Fiorentino. The Child’s Right to Play: A Global Approach. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 2004. Print.
Essay 8: American Concert Music to 1945 Quiz
Essay 8: American Concert Music to 1945 Quiz
- St. Cecilia Society’s purpose was to enhance organization of concerts
- Its location was Charleston, North America
- It was established in 1762
- Dilettante refers to an individual who involves himself or herself in a certain area that interests him/her such as arts without real commitment or knowledge of that area.
- A dilettante and a “Gentleman Amateur” are the same
- Thomas Jefferson and Francis Hopkinson are two dilettantes of the early colonial times
- People know Francis Hopkinson for composing an ancient song in art, My Days Have Been so Wondrous Free, Thomas Jefferson on the other had is popularly known as a violin player as well as a writer of important essays regarding the African slaves’ music.
- William Billings became a famous person after composing the fuguing tunes
- A fuguing tune refers to a hymn that was particularly sacred and deployed by ancient American composers during the American Revolution. The tunes are composed for a cappella with a four-part chorus and placed in the tenor voice. The tune is later harmonized to rhyme with the block chords. Once a fuguing section has been included, every voice must enter at a time while singing an original tune although there may be a slight version with the last phrase being chordal.
- Anthony Philip Heinrich refers to an immigrant from Bohemian who visited America in 1805 after which he immigrated into America in 1910 with the intention of becoming a businessman. Later, he reversed the initial intention and became a composer, a musician and eventually a conductor.
- While in Europe and America, he was known by the nickname “America’s Beethoven”.
- He passed away in 1861.
- Louis Moreau Gottschalk wrote The Last Hope and The Banjo
- The sound difference between the Union and The Last Hope as well as The Banjo is that the union includes patriotic airs and rolling drums. It is also written in a virtuosic manner which is different from The Last Hope and The Banjo. The rhythm of The Banjo is syncopated which is a characteristic of the music of the African slaves. The Last Hope is a flowery saccharine piece with a European style.
- The birth land of Gottschalk was Creole South, New Orleans
- Gottschalk passed away in Brazil
- Initially, he was buried in a cemetery in Rio de Janeiro. However, he was reburied in the Brooklyn Cemetery that is located in New York.
- John Knowles Paine was the academic composer’s prototype
- He pursued advanced training in music in Germany
- He taught music that was German-oriented at Harvard in the US
- He had an association with a composers’ group called The Second New England School
- The work of the Americans, George Whitefield Chadwick and Charles Martin Loeffler indicates a shift in preference of the American composers from France in terms of music.
- Loeffler had a colleague student, a Frenchman Claude Debussy during his childhood years.
- Programmatic music refers to a special music style that uses a kind of additional non-musical effects and material that give the audience information which enhances listening experience. The additional material can be a type of events, pictures, poems, painting, texts or dancing. Instrumental music that does not include a text or a vocalist is also called program music.
- “To a Wild Rose” is an example of programmatic music by MacDowell.
- “First Piano Concerto” is an example of abstract music by MacDowell.
- MacDowell embraced abstract music writing style in Europe. This music style is about tones only without any attachment to a visual scene or story.
- The father of Charles Ives used to conduct sessions of ear training at the table where the family used to have dinner. Some family members would sing the accompaniment as one key and the others would sing the melody as the other key.
- The fragments of the song by Stephen Foster that are heard in the Black March by Ives come from the Old Black Joe
- The work of Ives, The Housatonic at Stockbridge may be seen as his transcendental experience since it paints his tone’s picture and that of his wife as they walk along River Housatonic which has a mist of the church choir’s sound that come from the bank on the opposite side. This feeling causes an extraordinary sensation of divinity.
- No, my view is that Ives would not call me “sissy ears”
- This is because of the truth that I like creative music as well as cases where musicians go beyond their method of mixing different classes and genres of music in order to come up with an extra ordinary and creative piece.
- Yes, I have enjoyed a transcendental experience in the past
- I had this experience while viewing the Giatto’s “Mother and Child Enthroned”. This was a divine experience where I felt The Virgin Mary’s and Jesus Christ’s presence inside the room. I could feel God’s presence though invisible. I could sense God guiding me. He was telling me that if I believed in Jesus, my life would be improved.
- The decision of Ives was to write while on holidays and weekends only since he was not willing to abandon the music direction that he had chosen. He started living a dual life of a composer and a businessman on graduating from the Yale University in 1898. He compromised an insurance executive’s job by opting to compose his music during the holidays and weekends.
- The peak composing period of Ives was between 1890s and 1919.
- His composition was highly affected by the heart attack that he suffered in 1918.
- To me, Schelomo has a Jewish sound
- The song uses musical instruments in a conservative manner which gives it a Jewish sound
- Ernest Block composed Schelomo.
- La Creation du Monde by Milhaud and Rhapsody in Blue by Gershwin differ in that, the piece by Milhaud presents a two-part composition that has a slower Prelude that has a beginning section with a contrapuntal section that follows it like the Bach Chorale Prelude. The end points or cadences have notable jazz elements. These used obvious clichés of jazz. Rhapsody in Blues (1924) by Gershwin on the other had is a true synthesis between jazz and classical music.
- Gershwin blended the European jazz. However, the classical music gave it a more American sound.
- “Rhapsody in Blue” depicts a nature that is more of American that European
- This is due to the fact that this piece was composed with the thought of a European format while Gershwin work was composed without a hint of the European format.
- The term postmodern is used in reference to the past three decades’ music done in the 20th
- To fully comprehend the word postmodern, the word modern should be interpreted to mean anything innovative and new in music. It can also be used as a means of identifying new or latest things.
- Here are the meanings of modern:
- Something innovative and new in music. A means of identifying new or latest things
- Experimental or radical music body that was composed between 1920 and 1970 which separates it from the styles of the other periods.
- Five popular modernist composers before 1945:
- Edgard Varse (from 1883 to 1965)
- Henry Cowell (from 1897 to 1965)
- Harry Partch (from 1901 to 1974)
- Lou Harrison (from 1917 to 2003)
- John Cage (from 1912 to 1992)
- The first composer that was associated with the modern music via the publication of the book, New Musical Resources was Henry Cowell.
- The microtonal 43-tones to octave techniques were associated with Harry Partch.
- Music for Prepared Piano was written by John Cage.
- The Roll One sound clip produces the sounds of a piano, drums, xylophones, and propellers of a steel airplane, sirens and electric bells.
- Yes, my view is that the composer ought to be compared to Italian futurists.
- This is due to the fact that his music has tiny motives with accents that keep changing, endless repetition and superimposition which creates a music fabric with a Russian master’s resemblance which could be compared to the Italian futurists’ music. The futurists also used noise in creating their music.
- Aaron Copland could identify with the common man’s plight and he had leftist political ideas and beliefs that prompted him to compose audience-friendly music that the masses could access during the period of Depression.
- Four popular compositions that he came up with from 1936 to 1944 are:
- The Common Man Fanfare (1942)
- Rodeo (1942)
- The orchestra’s El Salon Mexico (1936)
- Billy the Kid (1938)
- Aaron Copland, in conjunction with Verese and Cowell was composing the modern music sounds in the 1920s.
- Adagio for strings is a composition by Samuel Barber that is used in the USA during crisis since the time when the death of President Roosevelt was announced officially in 1945 (through the radio) as well as the death of President Kennedy’s announcement (on the television).
- The dominant instrument in the sound clip is the violin. This includes viola, bass, cello and violin.
I was caught by surprise in terms of the American Classical music concert by the fact that America took a long time before having their original music. This is due to the fact that my thought was that America was the earliest society to compose music without foreign influences.
Do you need music essay,academic writing service,assignment writing help,research paper help,essay help,buy paper online,essay help online click here and order paper online now.its easy and secure.
Bussiness and technology
How Business Can Use New Technology to Increase Organization’s Profitability
Today, advancements in technology have increased the demand and role of information in every aspect of human life. Business has become dynamic and more vulnerable to technological changes and innovation. It is doubtless that technology continues to influence business in various ways and managers are taking this advantage to increase revenue (Agbolade 101). With incorporated information technology systems, companies gain competitive growth and success.
To achieve this competitive advantage, organizations re-evaluate their efficiency with the use of modern information systems. Businesses that embrace technological changes experience continuous growth and sustainable profits (Olugbode et al. 11). However, there are many unanswered questions as to how new technology adds value to a business. Thus, many researchers endeavor to debunk myths from facts on how organizations record high profits with this technology (Hitt and Brynjolfsson 121).
Importantly, research on the economic value of new technology in business gives opposing findings. In their research, Hitt and Brynjolfsson seek to find out the commercial value of new technologies on business organizations (122). This article is relevant to this analysis since it offers empirical evidence through analysis of firms, which embrace these technologies. It also gives hypothesis on using IT interventions to improve organizational profits.
In particular, new technology forms part of factors of production, and can be used for research and development. Through technology, an organization makes unique brands, which guarantee high profits. In cases where there are business barriers, technology can make an organization realize supernormal profits (Hitt and Brynjolfsson 123-124).
Olugbode et al. (11-16) also offers relevant findings on the issue at hand. The paper is a case study on Beale and Cole, which experienced profits because of utilization of ICT systems. However, the firm recorded declining profits even though it was applying technology. From an evaluation of the company’s performance, the need to integrate new technologies and face out old information systems was evident.
To this effect, the company adopted business IT interventions to streamline operations, increase profitability, and increase efficiency (Olugbode et al. 12). Thus, new technologies have the ability to make a company realize higher profits. For example, the company acquired an accounting system from Virtual Private Network to cut down on operation costs, which helped to make profits (Olugbode et al. 11-13).
Agbolade’s (101-107) further agrees with the fact that the use of IT concepts has helped many banks to make huge profits through increased efficiency. IT has widely altered operations in banking because of high speed and top quality in service delivery (Agbolade 102). A good example is how the use of biometric recognition systems controls fraud.
With mobile tech, consumers make transactions with a lot of ease, which leads to higher revenue for banks (Agbolade 103-104). IT reduces chances of making errors and the risk of fraud. Additionally, banks use computer software to improve speed and quality of services delivered to customers. Because of this, banks serve more clients leading to increased profits. Technology also allows flexibility at place of work, encourage teamwork and good customer relations (Agbolade 106).
Agbolade, Kehinde O. “Information and communication technology and banks profitability in
Nigeria.” Australian journal of business and management research 1.4 (2011): 102-107. Print.
Hit, Lorin M, and Brynjolfsson, Erik.“Productivity, Business Profitability and Consumer
Surplus: Three Measures on Information Technology Value.”MIS Quarterly 20.2 (1996): 121-142. Print.
Olugbode, Majosila, Elbeltagi Ibrahim, Simmons Mathew, and Biss Tom. “The effect of
information systems on firm performance and profitability using a case-study approach.” The electronic journal of information systems evaluation 11.1 (2008): 11-16. Print.
Fallacy of Presumption
Fallacy of presumption is an argument, which is based on one or more arguments that are false and cannot be proved within the context of the argument. This is unique from fallacy of relevance, which may have factual assumptions but make faulty conclusions. Different arguments fall in this category. Common examples include complex questions, circular reasoning, false dichotomies, and arguments from ignorance.
A false dichotomy is also referred to as a false dilemma. This is where you propose two alternatives when only one of them is logically possible. Here, the fallacy of presumption stems from the fact that you deny the existence of other assumptions. For instance, an intellectually irresponsible politician might tell voters his voters to favor tax reforms unless they do not care about the interests of other citizens of the nation. This assumption is not true because one may choose to vote against the reforms believing that a different measure would serve the interest of other citizens in a better way. On the other hand, a complex question usually has one or more false assumptions, which you cannot logically prove. This is closely related to a leading question in which the answer is suggested in the question.
Moreover, circular reasoning also has a different type of the fallacy of presumption. In simple words, this fallacy of assumption denotes that something is accurate because it is accurate. However, real life situations present more complex arguments than this description. For example, someone who loves peace may argue that a soldier is a murderer because he kills people. Here, the basis of the argument is that killing is murder and that everyone who kills people is therefore a murderer. The argument can become circular when you question it using just-war theories.
In sometimes, there is the begging question. A good illustration is the belief that God is real and exists because the bible says so. While this could be the assumption, we are fully aware that the bible is God’s revealed work and thus it is true. In essence, a begging question will arise when you assume important piece of the information. In some cases, one may omit the key information when presenting the argument while in other cases, a slightly different conclusion is made. Thus, the reasoning may become circular depending on the conclusion.
Another form of fallacy of assumption is the suppressed evidence. This occurs when important evidence is left out of the argument. This evidence, if included, would give a different conclusion on the matter. For example may say that no man is likely to go to Mars in the next ten years because no one has done it in the previous ten years. Moreover, equivocation occurs when you make a conclusion because a certain word was in two different senses even though the change in meaning is slight. For example if Ken is a violinist and a violinist is a terrible person then Ken is a terrible individual. Amphiboly is when an ambiguity stems from a faulty interpretation upon which one bases his or her conclusion. The syntactical ambiguity usually arises from either poor grammar or wrong punctuation. This should not be confused with equivocation, which deals with the meaning and not error.
We are leading editors in the world because we understand your needs and have the capacity to meet and surpass your expectations. When you come to us for editing services, you get the best. We are home to the finest tutors, with a wealth of experience in essay paper editing. Do not panic because of pressure from professors.
Ship of Theseus
According to historians, Theseus, a King in ancient Greece founded Athens, today major city in the country. He was not an ordinary King. He won a series of naval battles, winning the public support. As a result, no one wanted to forget him event after his death. His history and successes was to run through generations by preserving something that would speak on his behalf and make future generations believe in his work. The people of Athens decided to dedicate a memorial to him in by maintaining his ship in the port. Because of the dedication of the people, the ship of Theseus was to spend hundreds of years in the port.
However, as hundreds of years of went by, parts of the ship started rotting since they were made of wood. This could not hinder the people of Athens from preserving the ship further as they replaced the rotting planks of wood with new ones. This was not just a replacement, but also a source of many questions that would later haunt the history of the ship. The main question was whether the ship was to remain the “ship of Theseus” after the replacement of planks of wood or if it was to assume a different name. With this replacement, was the ship in its original state, which the King used? This became a major question in philosophy, especially when analyzing the problem of identity. Many questions arose including the meaning of a physical object and the identity of things after some time. Additionally, people questioned the point at which an object changes from its original form to become something different. What does mean for an object to change?
In the same manner, did the ship of Theseus change after hundreds of years or did it become something else after the replacement of planks of wood? Better still, the question of replacing wooden planks focused on the number of planks that would give the ship a new look. For example, would the ship remain the “Ship of Theseus” if forty-nine, fifty-one or ninety-nine planks of wood were removed? Was the original state of the ship the same after removing a plank at the bottom? What would happen to the ship if all the planks were removed and replaced with new ones? How gradual should the change be so as not to temper with the original state of the ship?
Various scholars and theorists hold divergent views about these questions, which revolve around the identity of the ship after replacing rotting planks of wood. Some have maintained that by altering any part of the ship makes it different from the ship of Theseus. On the other hand, some hold that the ship of Theseus remains the same as long as there is at least an original plank still present. This is because the plank that remains carries the original state of the ship. Which side is correct and which one is incorrect? Philosophers argue that both positions can be valid and wrong. Nevertheless, the question of identity is a major one as the original form of the ship gradually changed with the replacement of wooden planks of wood, which were rotting.
We are cheap and affordable. At EssaysExperts.net, we understand your financial needs more than any other company does. Here, we do not charge exorbitant prices on our services. We offer the most competitive prices in the market. Thus, we are the friendliest essay tutors in the world. With us, our target is to meet your needs at all times.
Essential Amino Acids
Essential Amino Acids is also referred to as indispensable amino acids, essential amino acids refer to a class of amino acids that the body is unable to synthesize. These amino acids are thus, acquired from the diets that we eat. There are several kinds of essential amino acids including valine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, tryptophan, lysine among others. It is important that these acids are included in the diet so that they can be received by the body for proper growth and development.
Even though they are much needed in the body, there are some types that do not necessarily have to be included in the diet like arginine, glycine, histidine, cysteine, proline, tyrosine, glutamine and serine. These types of essential amino acids are considered to be conditionally essential. The reason why they are not necessarily required to be in the diet is because they can have unpleasant impacts on some people. For instance, those who are suffering from PKU are required to only take low amounts of phenylalanine in order to avoid mental retardation.
Typically, the acids can be acquired from diets that contain meat, dairy products, cereal grains and legumes. Besides, there are also quite a number of indigenous foods that can be consumed for the essential amino acids like Mexican corn, Japanese rice, Cajun red beans, and soybeans among others. Deficiency in even just one of the nine essential amino acids can have serious health implications and also degrade the body’s protein levels. The body can be forced to dismantle protein structures and even the muscles in order to obtain the required nutrient.
The reason why humans are unable to internally produce essential amino acids is because we lack all the enzymes that are required for their biosynthesis. It should be noted that of all the essential amino acids, there is one that is only required by children. Arginine is the essential amino acid that is not needed by adults. It is obtained from proteins and works by producing creatine that is ideal for development and growth in children.
Obtaining all of the essential amino acids that is needed in the daily diet requires that one meets their daily protein recommendation. Normally, a person is required to take an estimated 50 to 175 grams of protein every day. Even though essential amino acids can mostly be obtained from animal products, a combination of plant-based diets can also provide the nutrients. To those who may not be able to take certain animal and plant-based diets due to allergies or other reasons, it is advisable that you obtain over-the counter supplements of essential amino acids.
If you are buying essential amino acids supplements, you should always check the label to ensure that the product can provide all the nine. Besides, it is also advisable to talk to your nutritionist or doctor before starting on the supplementation program.
AT & T Incorporation
Organizations are increasingly becoming aware of the fact that leadership plays an important role in pushing them closer to their goals and objectives. Leaders have the obligation of restructuring and transforming the company in the main areas that are aimed at fulfilling the needs of customers as well as the demands in the market whenever they arise. In such a case, transformational leaders are the best people to bolster performance and make sure that value based leadership techniques are widely used in the transformation of the business into a bigger entity that is more successful. Leaders should be focused and determined in spearheading the key objectives of the organization while looking towards the satisfaction of the unpredictable rising customer needs. Losing this focus will only point out that the leaders have failed in performing their duties as expected, thereby highlighting the failures of the organization.
This paper investigates the case of AT & T Incorporation by pointing out the key challenges and barriers to the success of the organization leading to its failure in meeting the expectations of the customers, as well as the giving an in-depth analysis of the leadership roles required to bring in change and help the company in achieving its objectives.
Sander and Bobo (2012) point out that AT & T Inc. is the leading telecommunications service provider in the United States with its headquarters in Dallas. The company deals in wireless and wired communication as well as other services and products through its affiliates and subsidiaries across the United States and other international destinations. The company was formally run under the brand name of SBC Communications Inc. until 2005 when it changed its brand name to AT & T Incorporation.
The wireless segment of the company entails the provision of dial-up Internet services, U-verse services, enterprise network services, Wi-Fi and packet services, as well as both local and international voice services for various business applications like sales and reservation centers among others. Sander & Bobo (2012) argue that the wireless segment also offers both data and voice communication services, sells AT & T branded handsets, and wireless data cards to several individuals with personal computers among other services and products. The company has been faced with numerous challenges with regards to operations since its creation in 1983. It has had to live with the dubious distinction of being the worst performing cell phone Company in America. This is reiterated by Sander & Bobo who argue that, the firm has of late been forced to concede to numerous criticisms after being rated as the poorest performer in terms of customer satisfaction, based on customer testimonials.
According to Information Gatekeepers (2013), AT & T is currently faced with three main challenges; poor performance, absolute abysmal customer service and poor value. It is apparent that the firm has been rocked by incompetence and unresponsiveness to new and emerging customer needs. It has been noted that the company has been trailing quite behind with regards to 4G technology, which is the latest technology that enables Smartphone users to access the internet and browse at relatively high speeds. Besides, the company has also been using fiber optic-based network in the provision of TV services to its almost 2 million U-TV consumers, which has also not been received quite well since there have been numerous complaints of poor network reception among other hitches from customers.
Organizational Changes to Overcome Challenges
Information Gatekeepers (2013) argue that, despite the shortcomings of the company, it still has chances of overcoming all the mentioned hitches if it considers making organizational changes that might be helpful in dealing with the problems. Embracing these changes would enable the company to face any kind of challenge and keep it informed on the imminent consumer behaviors that it should prepare for, as well as strategizing on the most ideal avenue to be pursued.
It is a fact that whenever companies begin to experience such turbulent times like those of AT & T, the problem must be originating from the leadership, and in a case like this one, it is necessary that organizational changes are made. Leadership roles should be clearly defined so that efficiency is enhanced when it comes to the operation of the organization while also making sure that it is always ready to provide its customers with more than their expectations, which will then help in winning their loyalty and keeping the business on a good scale with regards to performance. It is certain that leaders are the backbone of any company since all employees look up to them in order to stay focused and foster the best way ahead towards fulfilling the objectives as well as even exceeding the customer expectations both in the provision of services and products. In order to evade such incidences, it is imperatively ideal for the leaders in an organization to apply those leadership styles and strategies that are aimed at enhancing the overall performance of the company from various angles.
Philips & Gully (2012) raise the opinion that based on the case of AT & T Inc, embracing structural, task and technological changes would be the most appropriate avenue to pursue in order to save the company’s reputation. Structural change would entail the restructuring and reviewing of the various spans of authority as well as the centralization of authority regardless of the operations of the organization with various subsidiaries. Structural change will foster quick decision making without having to take so much time, thereby enhancing efficiency for the benefit of the organization. Efficiency will go a long way in enhancing the operation of the company and augmenting its responsive ability to various emerging issues as well as driving the company to greater heights that it is unable to achieve now. Embracing change with regards to the tasks will entail the reviewing of the job design with the aim of excellence and competence in terms of the quality of products and services towards meeting the needs of customers but also surpassing their expectations. It would also be necessary for the organization to embrace technological change in terms of quick absorption of the latest technological arrivals in different aspects so as to enable the company to serve their clients well. It is apparent that the response of the organization with regards to technology is slower, in addition to its inability to implement competent technology policies that can ensure better customer relations.
For the change to be effective, it is ideal that AT & T Inc. should go for an effective change model and effectively use it to the point that its impact is felt, and the company is able to focus n success. According to Phillips and Gully (2011), the Lewin’s Force Field Organization Change Model is a classical organizational change management model, which was proposed by Kurt Lewin in 1951. The model stipulates that an organization is a system that is held by identical conflicting forces that are equally represented. Therefore, the man who invented the model, Lewin suggested that this model is based on two assumptions, which are the existing of the driving forces for change in a company and the presence of opposing forces that act against the changes. As a result of this, Lewin came up with a three-stage process for the implementation of changes in an organization irrespective of the nature of the required change.
The first stage in the implementation of change involved creating motivation to change, which Lewin labeled as the process of unfreezing. Philips & Gully issue the advice that during this stage, AT & T Company will need to introduce a motivational program for its employees in an effort to prepare them for the imminent changes with regards to task changes, introduction of new technology and structural changes. The process of unfreezing will assist the company in doing away with retrogressive organizational culture and wipe out the status quo due to the fact that organizational culture is the main aspect that posses great threat and resistance to any kind of chance.
According to Philips & Gully (2011), the second important stage is the adjustment of the equilibrium, which entails the implementation of the actual change and development of a new organizational culture for the benefits of the organization. This change may be achieved through three main approaches; persuasion, re-education and application of force against the winds of opposition. Philps & Gully (2011) go ahead to point out that the third and last stage in the implementation of change is re-freezing. This entails the creation of new norms, punishments, regulations or rewards that have to be undertaken preferably on a regular basis in order for the change to be effective. This will enable the company to focus on the needs and wants of customers with the aim of surpassing their expectations in terms of service delivery and products offered.
Role of Leaders in Bringing Change
It is required that the leader who serves as the chairperson and chief executive officer of AT & T Inc. should be in the forefront in campaigning for the successful implementation of the imminent change. According to Information Gatekeepers (2013), transformational leadership styles have to be given precedence since they play an important role on the implementation and retention of the required change at AT & T Inc. When it comes to implementing task change, the leader has to put into consideration, the leadership style applied by the director in order to have the tasks done in the best way possible towards improving the performance of the company. This style will make sure that the leader uses his or her directive in making sure that the organization achieves whatever is to be undertaken. The style keeps the team focused on the goals of the organization through supervision and delegation of duties while ensuring that the wider perspective of the company is seized.
Information Gatekeepers (2013) are also of the opinion that autocratic leadership style will help in the making of policies, implementation of key decisions regarding the company’s future as well as dictating and assigning tasks to each member so as to enhance a focused environment for employees in a bid to meet the set objectives and goals of the company. Besides, the leader should also portray a high degree of intelligence, social maturity and breadth, inner motivation and achievement of desires, as well as good human relations and attitudes to the employees for the sake of improving the image of the organization. If the mentioned approaches to change are properly used, the leader will be able to induce motivation for change as well as achieve the goals of the company.
Barriers to Success
There are impediments that hinder the success of an organization in its efforts to rise to the top, and no matter how hard the company may try, there will be no guarantee for success if these barriers to success are not identified, analyzed and placed under control. According to Information Gatekeepers (2013), resistance to change, poor leadership styles, poor customer relations and corruption among managers giving way to embezzlement of funds for investment are the key impediments to success. Resistance to change is a major barrier to an organization’s success, which therefore means that an organization will not be able to stay on course with the latest technology trends as well as management trends among other fields in an organization.
Change cannot be avoided and a significant phenomenon that every organization must pay attention to. Change encourages success since it develops ways and means through which a company can easily identify its strengths and weaknesses, thereby enabling it to strategize on the most ideal way forward with regards to achieving the outlined goals and objectives, thereby enhancing the success of the operations of the company. Information Gatekeeprs (2013) are warning that poor leadership styles hinder success by giving room for poor implementation of policies and strategies that are meant to propel the organization towards realizing its objectives. Poor leadership in deed plays a major role in hindering the success of a company because leaders are the drivers of the organization, and failure to execute their duties and responsibilities mainly translates into failure of the company. Besides, corruption gives the leaders the opportunity of misusing funds for the company towards self gratification, which limits funds for investment at the time of need.
For the above mentioned impediments to be overcome, there is need for the development of a plan that will help in evading the barriers and instead, making them stepping-stones to successful results. Communication and education as well as the participation and inclusion of employees in the change implementation process will reduce the chances of resistance to alterations, thereby making sure that the road to success is cleared. According to Information Gatekeepers (2013), it will also be ideal for the leaders to undertake the identification and analysis of the nature of employees so as to enable him or her use the most appropriate leadership style that is aimed at motivating employees towards enhancing their performance, thus, enabling the company to make significant steps towards success.
Philips & Gully (2011) point out that appropriate leadership styles will enable the company to stay focused on its primary goals as well as offer employees the morale to do their work responsibly towards meeting the objectives of the organization. Besides, the company can wipe out corrupt leaders by seeking to test their integrity through various ways and means of cutting down embezzlement of funds and allowing the company to focus on profitable investments instead of fulfilling personal goals at the expense of the company’s funds and other resources. The organization can also create a good customer relationship by always seeking the satisfaction of their needs.
This paper has brought out the case of AT & T Inc, which has over the years performed quite dismally as a result of the failure to meet the expectations of customers. The paper has identified three major challenges that the organization is faced with like awful performance, absolutely poor customer service and low value. Besides, the paper has also discussed three organizational changes that are necessary for the organization to be able to address these challenges. Thus, based on the changes required in addressing these issues, the paper has outlined Lewin’s Force Field Organization Change Model that is important in the implementation of the said changes. The paper has also gone further to provide an in-depth analysis of the kind of leadership that is required to bring in change and bolster the organization towards meeting its objectives. It has also given an analysis of the barriers to the success of an organization. The paper has indeed, pointed out that leaders play an important role in the operation of a company, and the choice of the leadership styles and skills to be applied in the management of the organization’s operations determine the avenue that it pursues. Thus, failure of the leader translates into the fall of the company.