Brazil’s Street Children
The presence of street children is in most circumstances seen as a vital challenge, depriving youth and children of their civilization and troubling them with the daily issue of survival (Malindi & Theron, 2010). This rising concern is apparent in different nations across the globe; nevertheless, its existence in Brazil is highly researched (Scivoletto, da Silva, & Rosenheck, 2011). Poverty, homelessness, the labour force, and drug abuse in Brazil are some impacts that control the lifestyle of street children (Street Children in Brazil, 2010). In handling the problem of street children, there is a need to inquire the manner in which the issue of street children is a result of its setting. The nitty-gritty and most-influencing perspective to this setback is the concern of poverty. Poverty is the greatest basis for the issue of street children in Brazil (Panter‐brick, 2004).
Additional impacts concerning street children cannot be comprehended with the exception of poverty (de Benítez, 2011). For example, the lack of employment and education is a consequence of poverty in the Brazilian community. Brazil’s wealthiest twenty percent of the residents have access to more than sixty five percent of the total nation’s resources (Harris, Johnson, Young, & Edwards, 2011). Over forty five million residents are residing in poverty while thirty-two million children are residing in families that make less than one US dollar per day.
It is simple to be unmoved by numerical proof, but the presence of street children acts as an existing outcome of Brazil’s abundant socioeconomic concerns. The progression of children taking to the streets to seek employment in legal or illegal dealings to add on family revenue leads to some extent to the later incident of street children; in this regard, the children on the street later become the children of the street (Grugel & Ferreira, 2012).
de Benítez, S. T. (2011). State of the World’s Street Children: Research. London: Consortium for Street Children.
Grugel, J., & Ferreira, F. P. M. (2012). Street working children, children’s agency and the challenge of children’s rights: evidence from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of International Development, 24(7), 828-840.
Harris, M. S., Johnson, K., Young, L., & Edwards, J. (2011). Community reinsertion success of street children programs in Brazil and Peru. Children and Youth Services Review, 33(5), 723-731.
Malindi, M. J., & Theron, L. C. (2010). The hidden resilience of street youth. South African Journal of Psychology, 40(3), 318-326.
Panter‐brick, C. (2004). Homelessness, poverty, and risks to health: beyond at risk categorizations of street children 1. Children’s geographies, 2(1), 83-94.
Scivoletto, S., da Silva, T. F., & Rosenheck, R. A. (2011). Child psychiatry takes to the streets: A developmental partnership between a university institute and children and adolescents from the streets of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Child abuse & neglect, 35(2), 89-95.
Street Children in Brazil. 2010. Street Children of Brazil. Retrieved April 7, 2014, from http://brazilianstreetchidren.webs.com/