Concepts of Anger, Stress, and Aggression as They Relate to Violent Offenders
A vast body of literature has analyzed the association between violence and anger. The association has been proved empirically and has been linked to violent acts and reoffending. Studies have also examined how different levels of stress and anger can affect violent offending. Examination of seriously violent offences imply that extremely heightened of stress and anger, defines as rage or fury is a key contributor to violent offences (Sprague et al, 2011). Additionally, frustration, which describes the obstruction of a particular objective and is the same but generalized dysphoric emotion, also leads to violence. On that account, severe levels of anger and stress make one to be aggressive leading to violent crime.
Relationship between Anger, Stress, and Aggression
Anger is manifested in an individual when he/she feels extremely irritated, annoyed, or harsh towards another person of scenario. It is a feeling that appears to be common among violent offenders who use it as a defense mechanism since they must contain a certain reputation while in prison (Berkowitz, 2011). Stress is an emotion that an individual feel when they are placed under immense pressure to achieve certain things within a particular duration or to have more issues in their lives that they can physically or emotionally handle (Berkowitz, 2011). In regards to violent offenders, they feel a massive amount of stress, which leads to anger thus making them aggressive when confronted with specific scenarios.
Implications of The Relationship Among Anger, Stress, And Aggression for The Treatment of Violent Offenders
Enforcing anger therapy to individuals who are prone to violence is encountered with unique challenges, particularly from people who suffer from a key mental problem or are restricted to a secure environment (Berkowitz, 2011). Due, partly, to issues of enforcing treatment application, studies on anger treatment about violent offenders is rare and regulated objective studies are fundamentally non-existent; this is due to the multifaceted relationship between stress, anger, and aggression.
Berkowitz, L. (2012). A different view of anger: The cognitive‐neoassociation conception of the relation of anger to aggression. Aggressive behavior, 38(4), 322-333.
Sprague, J., Verona, E., Kalkhoff, W., & Kilmer, A. (2011). Moderators and mediators of the stress-aggression relationship: Executive function and state anger. Emotion, 11(1), 61.