Sample Business Management Paper on Leadership and Performance

Leadership can be defined differently. Simply put, leadership means motivating a group
towards achieving a common objective. A leader is an individual who mobilizes, instructs, and
inspires others to perform a given task with a specific objective. A leader, therefore, helps
himself and others to do the right thing. A leader needs to improve the environment to make their
vision a reality. And a good leader must bring out the best in others. Transformational,
transactional, and laissez-faire are some of the leadership styles.
The style of leadership affects the performance of a company differently. Managers need
to consider new trends in the business world and keep in mind the organization’s and
individual’s growth. (Singh et al.,2018) opines that global leadership is a significant issue in
workforce management, and therefore it is essential for cross-cultural managers to think
critically in dealing with their juniors. Managers need to understand which leadership style is
sufficient for the smooth running and positive growth of an organization (Sethibe et al., 2018).
Therefore, the style of leadership directly impacts the morale of the employees and, therefore,
the desired output.
Leadership is necessary for different institutions and companies with different objectives.
For a school, hospital, and any other company, leadership style determines the quality of output
and the objectives. Effective leadership can positively influence thinking, behavior, and attitude
among individuals (Chitkara et al., 2020). Effective leadership is a crucial factor, for example, in
a school, coming second after classroom instruction. Today, a lot of research is done more on the
link between leadership and performance.
Considering the styles of leadership, of great concern is the transactional and
transformational leadership and their impact on the performance in a company.

Research undertaken in the health sector (Musinguzi et al., 2018) finds that most health workers
prefer transformational leaders compared to transactional leaders. They also find that
transformational leadership motivates a lot and promotes teamwork. Therefore, according to
their research, transformational leadership positively impacts stimulating morale, job
satisfaction, and teamwork. Transformational leadership is positively related to job performance
and ethical organizational commitment (Almutairi, 2016). He, therefore, suggests
transformational leadership to bring out the best results.
Transactional leadership impacts knowledge sharing. Transformational leadership does
not give out the same results (Obeisant et al.,2016). Meaning that each style of leadership has so
much impact on job performance. Transformational leadership is positively related to behavior,
while transactional leadership negatively affects behavior.
In conclusion, leadership is very vital in an organization since it affects organizational
commitment and performance. (Lin et al., 201). There is a link between leadership style,
employee discipline, and motivation and hence a company’s performance (Pawirosumarto et al.,
2017). The style of leadership has a strong relationship with job satisfaction. Transformational
leadership comes out to be a better style that needs to be instilled in managers.



Almutairi D.O. (2016). The mediating effects of organizational commitment on the relationship
between transformational leadership style and job performance. International Journal of
Business and Management, 11(1), 231.
Chitkara, M., Grewal, Sangeeta Pant, and Preety Chawla. “Unit-7 Emerging leadership.” Indira
Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi,2020.
Lin, L., & Wang, Shiqian, W. (2018). The mediating effect of organizational commitment on
leadership type and job performance. Journal of World Economic Research, 7(1), 14-20.
Musinguzi, Conrad, Leiticia, L., Rutebemberwa, E., Dahal, A. (2018). the relationship between
leadership style and health worker motivation, job satisfaction, and teamwork in
Uganda. Journal of healthcare leadership, 10, 21.
Pawirosumarto, S., Sarjana, P.K., & Muchtar, M. (2017). Factor affecting employee performance
of PT. Kiyokuni Indonesia. International Journal of Law and Management.
Sethibe, T.G. (2018). Towards a comprehensive model on the relationship between leadership
styles, organizational climate, innovation, and organizational performance. International
Journal of Innovation Management,22(02), 1850021.
Singh, Gursimranjit, Priyanka Sing, and Maninder Sigh. “Thinking globally, leading locally:
Defining leadership in a diverse workforce.” In Management Techniques for a Diverse
and Cross-cultural Workforce, pp. 9-115. IGI Global,2018.