Introduction of Online Voting
Online voting or the electronic voting is a system of voting that is based on the web to securely
help in the managing of elections. Here, votes and voters are not needed to reach the booths in
different polling stations and thus everything including vote casting is done through the
computer. All the information about the voters are kept in a well-maintained database. E-voting,
as it is also called has done better than bad.
Benefits of Online Voting
Electronic voting has various benefits to both the voters and the electoral conducting body.
Security is one of the achievements of online voting. It is mechanized in a way that online voters
who have are authorized by official papers participate. Furthermore, online voting also increases
the voter’s accessibility of voting as those who are unable to locomote vote at their comfort
zones. Besides cost efficiency of the system, electronic voting also is more accurate and precise;
the results come out faster than the analogue voting which involves casting one by one. The
online voting also helps eliminate election fraud; thus, it is relied on as voters are at many
instances issued with receipts. The system is also faster thus making it very reliable.
(Kaliyamurthie, K. P. et al)
Risks of Online Voting
Although online voting may be excellent, it also has a few risks which includes the following;
the voter’s machine may be at a risk of being attacked by online viruses, malware getting into the
computers and this may be of great danger to the vote’s security. For instance, one may code a
malware which gets into the voter’s computer to help manipulate votes favoring the party of the
attacker. Besides, non-existing voter may also be built by the attacker. In addition, online voting
is also at a risk of voters being bribed to vote for a specific candidate. This is because the voters
are in different locations and places and not confined in one area as in polling stations where
they are controlled. Lastly, due to lack of the digital infrastructure, online voting may be
considered costly in developing countries.
Personal stance on online voting
Personally, online voting is a better option and should be highly uplifted. The system allows one
to vote anytime being that some people may be busy whole day but may at least create a little
time to look through phone or personal computers and cast their votes in a minute. Contrary to
the traditional voting, online voting need very little physical structures which include papers,
printing, security personnel and for this reason less capital is spent on the process. It is faster
than traditional voting in that the tallying is not run by human being but by machine.
To conclude, online voting is hundred percent safe. Election officials try to find this voting
system in order to improve administration and conduction of election in a more efficient and
reliable manner. Contrarily, the technology information experts and activists have so far brought
up their concerns on the credibility and how secure online voting may be. For this reason, law
and policy makers are in a dilemma of allowing or defying this system of vote casting.
Procedures are to be followed to make it work or not to.
Kaliyamurthie, K. P. et al. “Highly secured online voting system over network.” Indian Journal
of Science and Technology 6.6 (2013).