Sample Technology Paper on Applying the Concepts

Applying the Concepts

Question 1

An abstract can be defined as a short and objective description of any intellectual resource, which in most cases is a written document. It is necessary for an investigative report as it gives readers a clear idea of what to expect and whether the report is worth reading in entirety. Simply put, an abstract gives a reader an idea of what they are going to be told in an investigative report or any other written document (Sholapurkar, 2011). Other than the already mentioned purpose, an abstract plays a crucial role in helping readers in the selection and evaluation of a document that they would consider useful when doing or writing their investigative reports or research. In achieving this objective, an abstract must allow readers to get information at a glimpse about a document without necessarily going through the entire document (Sholapurkar, 2011). Since an abstract is not only a summary but a description of a document, it should be written once a document, in this case, an investigative report, is complete. It should come before every other part of the investigative report including the introduction.

Question 2

The inclusion of signposts in writing is another aspect of effective writing. For instance, when writing the first substantive section of a report, one could include phrases such as “This is the report of findings from research done about the effects of technology in modern society.” Such as phrase is what is referred to as a signpost. Other examples of signposts that can be included in an investigative report or any other written document include “The first statement in this examination was,” “The second step in the research was,” “The fourth step in the study was,” and so on (Nelson, Phillips, & Steuart, 2010). Words such as first, second, third, fourth, and so on are what are referred to as signposts. Whenever they are used in written documents, they show the sequence or order of tasks or information. In achieving the purposes of investigation, signposts are effective in that they help draw an investigator’s attention to a point. Also, signposts help writers, readers, and investigators to scan a text quickly since they highlight the key points and logical development of information in written documents (Nelson, Phillips, & Steuart, 2010).

Question 3

What is important in a report is that it should be grammatically sound, be as “letter perfect” correct as possible, be free of other writing errors, and use correct spelling (Nelson, Phillips, & Steuart, 2010). The existence of misplaced commas, sentence fragments, spelling errors, or the like, in writing matters, because a judge or client might have a negative impression of the writer (Berninger, 2008). In fact, they might have the perception that the writer is irresponsible and might not provide excellent results when given an opportunity to do a given task.

Question 4

An investigation has an overall purpose since there is an objective that those involved work towards achieving (Nelson, Phillips, & Steuart, 2010). In most cases, in every investigation, those involved have in mind certain perspectives that they hope to find. It is important that in a report, one must prove with results that they found what they were researching or investigating. This means that the primary focus is on “what you hope to find” or “discover.”

Question 5

It is important to explain data collection, analysis, and validation methods in a report as this enables the reader to understand what the research was all about, as well as the methods and tools that were used in the research itself (Nelson, Phillips, & Steuart, 2010). Also, explaining the mentioned perspectives enables the reader to determine whether the methods used in research were effective or not. The explanation should be done by providing the methods and tools used in the research and determining whether the methods or designs used were reliable and valid (Peersman, 2014). The explanation of data collection, analysis, and validation is related to the chain of causality as it provides evidence and determines why a research was successful or not.




Berninger, V. (2008). Why spelling is important and how to teach it effectively. Retrieved on July 21, 2017, from

Nelson, B., Phillips, A., & Steuart, C. (2010). Guide to computer forensics and investigations (4th ed.). Course Technology. ISBN-13: 978-1435498839.

Peersman, G. (2014). Overview: Data Collection and Analysis Methods in Impact Evaluation. UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti. Retrieved on July 21, 2017, from

Sholapurkar, A. (2011). Chapter-07 Preparing the abstract. Publish and Flourish: A Practical Guide for Effective Scientific Writing, 30-33. Retrieved on July 21, 2017, from,+A.+(2011).+Chapter-07+Preparing+the+abstract.+Publish+and+Flourish:+A+Practical+Guide+for+Effective+Scientific+Writing&ots=q_RzcNTmOs&sig=_KfFlSwcgi30xJXHJm0DDlDjZIY&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false