Social Class and Society
Social class is society’s stratification method of grouping individuals according to wealth and income, possession of goods, and a person’s position in society. Social class groups are categorized as upper, middle, and lower classes (Marsh et al. 125). These classes may affect our individual’s family life, health, education, religious affiliation, behaviors, and attitude towards the society. An individual’s access to quality healthcare depends on the financial status of the individual; upper-class individuals have access to better quality healthcare compared to those in the lower class.
In our society upper class individuals are more favored to land in prestigious schools of higher learning and also more prestigious jobs of high salaries (Marsh et al., 133).Additionally, in our society there exists different family patterns of marriage, getting children and house composition. Low-class families often face domestic quarrels, poverty, and have many children compared to upper-class families who have few children and are financially stable.
A classless society can be accomplished where there is no difference in education level, social status and wealth. I believe that the abolition of social classes will generate a sense of belonging among the members of community as this has been a barrier among the community members for a long time (Cunningham et al., 89). Every individual will have equal opportunity to access quality healthcare, education, and other services without any biasness (Dhankhar et al., 14). Additionally, subsidized access to decent housing, water supply, food, and health care will be available to everyone regardless of our position in terms of class.
Marx Conflict Theory
Karl Marx, relating to social classes, developed the conflict theory. Karl Marx stated that a society will always compete for limited resources (Kotz et al., 536). Karl Marx argues that in a society, social order is only maintained by the powerful minority against the powerless majority. (Kotz et al., 537). Additionally, people with wealth and power will strive to maintain their position through whatever means possible even if it means to alienate the poor and powerless.
Cunningham, Niall, Fiona Devine, and Helene Snee. “‘A Classless Society?’Making Sense of Inequalities in the Contemporary United Kingdom with the Great British Class Survey.” Inequalities in the UK: New Discourses, Evolutions and Actions. Emerald Publishing Limited, 2017. 77-100.
Dhankhar, Ena, and Atikant Singh Bhati. “Toward an Alternative Classless Society through Comics.” IUP Journal of English Studies 11.1 (2016): 14.
Kotz, David M. “Social structure of accumulation theory, Marxist theory, and system transformation.” Review of Radical Political Economics 49.4 (2017): 534-542.
Marsh, Catherine. “Social Class and Occupation 1.” Key Variables in Social Investigation. Routledge, 2018. 123-152.