Sample Sociology Paper on Racism in the United States

Research indicates that the United States is one of the countries worldwide that hold racism in greater horror. According to the article “What is Racism” by Jackson, racism refers to any form of opposition by white people to official policies that campaign for the racial preference for non-whites (p. 6). Jackson argues that racism can also be defined as the normal aspirations of peoplehood that have for a long time been used to define nations but only so long as the said aspirations are those of the majority races such as whites (p. 6). Despite the huge steps made towards eliminating racism, especially through the election of Barack Obama to America’s top seat, the fact is that racism continues to be practiced widely in modern American society.

Current Policy Regarding the Dimension of Diversity

The fact that the United States is gradually diverging from its objective of realizing diversity cannot be ignored. With the election of President Trump in the 2016 elections, the federal government has formulated anti-immigration policies that have focused on curbing the immigration of non-English speakers (Mikulich 2). These policies have only fuelled the long-term discussion and debates about racism. Opponents of the policies believe that the policies are ineffective and increased racial conflicts among Americans. In fact, in today’s American society, there is a high-level of animosity between whites and non-whites. At the micro-level, there is an instance where a white Georgian Law School student argued that black students are less qualified as compared to white students sparking a national debate and controversy about racism (Larson n.p). At the macro-level, white law enforcement officers have on several occasions demonstrated brutality towards non-whites particularly black people (Jackson 1).

How American Culture’s Structures and Values Oppress, Marginalize, Alienate, Create, Or Enhance Privilege and Power

American culture and values today are focused more on oppressing, marginalizing, alienating, and enhancing privilege and power for specific racial groups. Trump’s administration, for instance, is structured in a way that a significant percentage of the cabinet is made up of white males (Larson n. p). This is contrary to the administrative structures of his predecessors such as Barack Obama, who despite being black, had a third of his cabinet comprising of white males. The administrative structures in place are focused on oppressing, marginalizing, and alienating the minority races. Moreover, the current administration’s values primarily revolve around giving privileges and preferences to natives who are mainly whites. This has seen companies come up with policies that target whites more than non-whites when it comes to recruitment.

Pathways for Resisting Oppression and Change

On a macro-level, to resist racial oppression and change, people should campaign for the adoption or enactment of laws and rules in favor of racial equality in every context (Perez and Hirschman 6). In the 18th and 19th centuries, rules and laws aimed at eliminating slavery and slave trade played a crucial role in the resistance to racial oppression and change. On a micro-level, people should be mindful of their own racial biases and prejudices that serve the purpose of maintaining the current system of White Supremacy. Individuals should be conscious of their own identities and change how they see themselves.


Saint Leo Core Values

Two core values of Saint Leo are respect and community. Regarding community, the institution aims to foster a spirit of belonging, unity, and interdependence, and this can only be achieved through the embrace of diversity where all individuals are embraced and appreciated despite their racial backgrounds or skin color. Regarding respect, the institution values and respects the dignity of every individual while taking into account everyone’s ideas. The realization of this also depends on whether the institution practices racial diversity or not.



Works Cited

Jackson, Thomas. “What is Racism?.” Injustice, and the Death Penalty (Marlowe 1996) p 100 (2010).,

Larson, Laura Colby Erik. “Donald Trump Is Fueling Culture Wars.” Time, Time, 9 Aug. 2017,

Mikulich, Alex. “Race, Racism, and Whiteness.” Loyola University New Orleans,

Perez, Anthony Daniel, and Charles Hirschman. “The changing racial and ethnic composition of the US population: Emerging American identities.” Population and Development Review 35.1 (2009): 1-51.,