Sample Sociology Paper on My Vulnerable Population

My vulnerable population was the migrant workers. This mainly covered but was not limited to the residents who move within the same country in search of greener pastures. Following rapid urbanization in China, for instance, the number of migrant workers has risen from 6 million in the 1980s to around 245 million in 2013(Li et al., 2017). This increase in population in the urban areas has been coupled with a number of health inequities such as longer working hours, less pay, poor working conditions and living conditions, and low literacy levels. In arriving to these, Li et al (2017) classified the health disparities with respect to three broad factors: sociodemographic factors, psychosocial factors, and lifestyle factors.

Sociodemographic factors include age, gender, medical insurance, number of working hours per week, the average income of migrant laborers and their nationality. Age is an important factor given that most of the migrant laborers are looking for jobs and therefore bigger proportion is the young people. Albeit in smaller proportion the geriatrics can pose a big health burden given that aging is a risk factor for many chronic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension, diabetes. Gender as a factor followed that in a cross-sectional study with a sample size of 475 migrant laborers(Wong et al., 2008). 73 of the 475 migrant laborers were classified as mentally unstable with 25 percent for male were classified as mentally unstable while only 6 percentage for women. The mental instability could have been about by financial difficulties. employment-related difficulties, interpersonal tensions and conflicts. The number of working hours was also found to be higher for migrant laborers as opposed to non-migrant workers with some even being forced to take more than two jobs to increase their average income so that they can meet their basic needs. Moreover, the migrant workers who had higher average income had a corresponding higher case of self-reported health which was used as a measure of health seeking behavior.

Psychosocial factors include the marital status, number of close friends, familiarity with neighbors, trust level, education literacy and religious beliefs. In marital status, married migrant workers had a better health outcome due to leaning to each other for company and financial support. The number of close friends had a big influence since close friends offered help and support in case of illness, employment search, borrow money from friends, helped the migrant worker better seek for advice and therefore those with very little or no close friends were more likely to be depressed or feel lonely. Familiarity with neighbors and neighboring surrounding helped the migrant laborers better identify social amenities such as hospitals, dispensaries which improved health equity. Education literacy that is their level of education played a crucial role in their health literacy such as how to follow instructions given by health practitioners, health seeking behavior and higher employment rates. The religious beliefs mainly influences their health habits for instance do they believe that the medication or good health practices could improve their health?

Lifestyle factors include the body mass index (BMI), tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption. BMI was calculated as kilograms per square meter and categorized in accordance with the World Health Organization classification of underweight (< 18.5 kg/m2), normal weight  (18.5-24.9), overweight (25-29.9), obesity Grade I(30-34.9), and obesity Grade II and more. Obesity is a major risk factor in diabetes and atherosclerosis diseases. Active tobacco smoking or chronic smoking had a negative impact on health outcome of migrant laborers. Not only did it expose the migrant laborers to poor dental hygiene but also it is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor in development of liver cirrhosis.