Sample Sociology Paper on Identity and Multiculturalism in Canada

Recently, there have been media debates on cultural appropriation in sports. This practice is represented broadly in sports where various leagues and sports teams have taken the initiative to use their indigenous names and icons to promote their teams.  The examples of these teams include Washington Redskins, Chicago Blackhawks and Cleveland Indians. Moreover, some other teams perform certain activities during games. However, this has not aligned with modern society beliefs as liberals see the practice as culturally offensive. This is why supporters of these practices have advocated for the use of symbols, icons, and names that are not culturally offensive. For instance, a columnist, Jesse Wente told the BBC in 2016 that the term ‘Mascot’ is demeaning and discriminated against the indigenous people (CBC, 2016).   In my view, the opinions of the people involved in promoting their teams using cultural names are not taken into consideration. In 2016, there were several complaints filed meant to bar Cleveland Indians from culturally representing themselves as mascots (CBC, 2016). However, the petition was dismissed as the team did not break any laws and were later allowed to display its names and mascot. The liberals against advocating cultural appropriation is representing the group unfairly. I believe that culture should allow people to identify themselves using unique beliefs, values, perceptions, and even sport teams. Therefore, I support sport teams that use cultural names to identify with their fans.

Relating to Sanming Mao’s post, I agree that a contradiction exists between ethnic cultural practices and modern liberal society. The wearing of Hijab has publicly been criticized as it depicts oppression of women. The liberal society believes that women should be allowed to wear attires of their choice. Though, the liberal society still believes the practice is oppressive, some of the Muslim women accept the practice. They see it as way in which women can identify with their rich cultural and religious identity. In my view, Canada is known to accommodate people from diverse communities. It is appropriate to allow the different groups to practice their cultural practices because it is a source of belonging and inspiration. Sanming Mao’s is right to acknowledge that the bill was passed without the input of the affected people. Going forward, it is imperative to take into account the views of affected parties before such bills are passed.




CBC. (March 8, 2016). ‘Indigenous critic Jesse Wente: ‘We are not your mascots, we are human

beings’. CBC News. Retrieved from


Web Discussion 2: Nation building and belonging, Topic 2

Regionalism relates to distinguishing features anchored on geography, perception of people and how they identify with diverse places. Therefore, a person may uniquely identify with another person if they share values, perceptions and beliefs associated with a particular province. Clear regional identities exist in Canada as they were formed during the settling of Europeans across the continent (Crayton, 2019). However, the existence of regions has been threatened by the popularity of provinces. In Canada, people continue to be attached to provinces which have own clear demarcations recognized by the constitution. As follows, Canadians are comprehensively expressing their regional identities through unique provinces they occupy.

As much as politicians have populated the idea of provincial identity, I still feel attached to regions as a better way to identify with the community. Through regions, it is possible for residents to identify and embrace with local features such as farms and villages. It is possible for people to associate, share and embrace unique beliefs in regions as compared to provinces. Furthermore, people feel a sense of belonging to particular regions because of rich cultural memories they share. These memories may span to decades, always passed from one generation to another. Besides, regions as opposed to provinces, present valuable opportunities for locals to express their ways of life as enshrined in socio-cultural orientations. Ultimately, the sense of regional belonging is depicted in relationships unique to small towns that make up urban systems in Canada.

For a long time, regionalism has prominently influenced the political system of Canada. The western isolation and Quebec nationalism was made possible because of regionalism. In view of this, regionalism is seen as the ideology where people belong and share political attachment and association (Simmons, 2010). Political history of Canada is well documented, and prominently featuring is the concept of regionalism. It is worth mentioning that Canada advanced its political culture as a result of regional disintegration and identities based on geographical features and ancient lifestyles.

Based on peer posting by Shu Wen Zhang, it is clear that regions are connected to provinces. The connection is evident despite people belonging to regions characterized by shared norms, beliefs, and values. The close association that people have for regions is the core reason why the Canadian government has embarked on promoting regional integration. The strategies to promote regional integration have largely failed because the provinces are supreme. As explained by the author, provinces have continued to maintain regional identities anchored on shared economies, histories and geographical setting. In my view, the lack of regional awareness within provinces is the reason for growing regional discontent. Besides, the discontent is also blamed on skewed distribution of resources by politicians only concerned about welfare in the provinces.



Crayton, L. A. (2019). Everything you need to know about cultural appropriation. New York,

NY: Rosen Publishing.

Simmons, A. (2010). Immigration and Canada: Global and transnational perspectives. Toronto:

Canadian Scholars’ Press.


Web Discussion 3: Inequality and Difference in Canada, Topic 1

According to an article published on October 13, 2019 titled ‘Toronto is Canada’s Poverty Capital for Working-Age People’ Toronto is an incredibly expensive city. In addition, the city has the highest poverty level among the working class.  Consequently, surveys have revealed that Toronto has second highest poverty rate in Canada for the elderly and young members of the population (Shakeri, 2019). The working-class faces broad arrays of problems. First, the working-class are finding it hard to secure decent housing units. Home prices have surged four times more while rent costs have increased twice more than income the working-class earn (Shakeri, 2019). In addition, the number of homeless people has grown tremendously within Toronto. The disparity in income earned between the white and non-white is partly to blame for the problems the working-class faces in Toronto.

The inequality is a major problem in Canada. As supported by the article, the working-class are unable to sufficiently support their families (Shakeri, 2019). For instance, due to poverty, these people have been unable to provide quality education to their children. Hence, many of the population are unable to find jobs presenting the unemployment problem. This is partly blamed on the racial segregation where the non-whites are considerably finding it hard to secure employment compared to the white population. The income inequality is high in Toronto and has been major impediment to economic growth and improvement in quality of life of the residents.

The only remedy proposed by the article is the need to change the democratic system. The main problem with the democracy of Canada minority parties are allowed to make policies and decisions that touches on the majority. These majority groups do not always agree with such decisions. Therefore, electing majority candidates at the local levels can assist in producing more representative leadership that can effectively address local problems such as poverty, inequality, poor housing and unemployment.

Regarding Sanming Mao’s post, I totally agree with the assertion that inequality is pushing many Canadian’s towards poverty and is the core reason for deteriorated health of the people. Unfortunately, the country’s leadership has not done enough to address many of the local problems affecting people. This concurs with assertions of Shakeri (2019) claiming that the tendency to elect the minorities is the reason for extreme poverty witnessed in Toronto. The minorities are not in touch with local problems in the region. Moreover, the claim that poverty rate is high among children is also true. For instance, in Toronto, the working-class are facing challenges that make it impossible to provide quality education to their children. Hence, these children are unable to access basic commodities and are unlikely to secure jobs in the future. There is need to bridge the inequality gaps currently existing in Canada such as sponsoring education for the needy and providing housing to the homeless. Regrettably, Sanming Mao fails to mention some of the solutions.



Shakeri, S. (October 13, 2019). ‘Toronto is Canada’s poverty capital for working-age people’.

Huffingtonpost. Retrieved from