Sample Sociology Paper on Female harassment in public places

Introduction

Female sexual harassment is a global problem evident in learning institutions, sports, malls, workplaces, and public transport. This is any form of unwanted conduct of sexual nature, which creates an environment that’s of an intimidating, offensive, and degrading nature to the victim. The female population experiences a variety of these behaviors including acts that are unwanted which are not considered unlawful. These behaviors include provoking sexual utterances in the streets, threats of rape, assault in clubs or bars, abuse on a rejection of sexual proposals, offensive rubbing of sexual nature in public transport. These acts can go unrecognized by those who don’t experience them but they exist. Men may not understand the overwhelming nature of this vice as women do since the female population experiences sexual harassment more than the male. These behaviors violate female dignity and their fundamental rights which can result in severe health and psychological, social, and even economic consequences.

Causes

The female population is more susceptible to experience sexual harassment since they in most cases feel they lack power, confidence, or choose to suffer in silence. These may also result due to motivation and the need for male dominance towards the female population, with the male trying to feel superior or inability to accept rejection and feeling powerless. Ineffectiveness and sporadic nature of campaigns addressing sexual harassment (Ide, 2011). The most common form of sexual harassment occurs in public transport. 80% of the female population aged 12-35 years have faced harassment in public transport, which occurs mostly in the mornings and evenings when there is crowding especially in buses. However, unmarried students are more vulnerable. Some factors increasing the likelihood of harassment are alcohol or drug use, a sense of low self-esteem, dressing in clothes that increase sexual attention. Unstable laws and the absence of properly implemented laws also alleviate this vice (Cobb, 2019).

Effects

In a study sexual harassment 89% of female students acquired psychological defects resulting to reduced productivity, the introduction of self-doubt and self-blame, high cases of withdrawal from educational systems, poor physical and mental health, depression, sleep disorders a sense of insecurity in public places thus inability to enjoy public life, increased objectification of women and girls, low self-esteem and introduction of suicidal thoughts which are severely damaging to a females career course (Ondicho et al., 2019).

Control

The damage of sexual harassment should be reflected in policy and law, the government should also finance research so that female harassment can be explained in detail which is a prerequisite to policy formulation regarding women’s safety in public places. There should be a channel that allows women to report harassment complaints, there should be anti-harassment training of the public to help in curbing female harassment and also support victims of harassment. Criminalizing sexual harassment so that offenders are charged by the law (Refinetti, 2018).

Conclusion

Sexual harassment is prevalent in female students using public means of transport in the mornings and evenings, which increases cases of psychological defects. This form of harassment is inflicted mostly by an older male passenger. Thus, comprehending the causes of sexual harassment in public places is crucial in designing prevention programs as well as offender interventions. The government has a huge responsibility to ensure the end of sexual harassment within its jurisdiction (Mushoriwa, 2014).

 

References

Cobb, E. P. (2019). Sexual harassment laws in European countries. International Workplace Sexual Harassment Laws and Developments for the Multinational Employer, 15-117. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429201530-4

Ide, J. (2011). Avoiding male harassment: Wing-closing reactions to flying individuals by female small copper butterflies. Ethology117(7), 630-637. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0310.2011.01912.x

Mushoriwa, T. (2014). Should peer-generated sexual harassment be called sexual harassment? Views of high school students. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n8p245

Ondicho, N. O., Kombo, K., & Njuguna, F. W. (2019). Sexual harassment and effect on students’ self-esteem in selected public and private secondary schools in Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice. https://doi.org/10.7176/jep/10-21-06

Refinetti, R. (2018). Sexual harassment, sexual consent, and beyond. Sexual Harassment and Sexual Consent, 5-17. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315129259-2

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