Describe and explain the people who led these reform movements, and why. Whom or what were they trying to reform?
Numerous movements were coined during the era of reform. First, Scott (2010) reveals that the abolitionist movement led by Theodore Weld, Sojourner Truth, Frederick Douglass, Elijah Lovejoy, and William Lloyd Garrison attempted to eradicate slavery. Second, the women’s rights movement led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott held the first women’s rights conference that subsequently wrote a Declaration of Women’s Rights document. Third, the temperance movement sought to have alcohol declare illegal to eliminate problems occasioned by alcohol misuse. Per Scott (2010), the temperance movement was spearheaded by some women who participated in the women’s rights convention as well as the American temperance Union. Fourth, the treatment of insane movement led by Dorothea Dix paved the way for the introduction of modern treatment for the mentally sick.
Share your view of how children are valued and devalued today.
Families make sacrifices for their children in these modern times. In essence, families value their children by providing healthy foods, purchasing expensive gifts for them, looking for good day care services, providing suitable and comfortable housing and taking them to good schools. However, Marks (2017) claims that childhood emotional neglect is one way that parents devalue their children. These children are deprived of love and emotional support essential for their growth.
Explain the historical development of governmental response to social justice issues.
In the past, social movements influenced the government’s response to social injustice. The progressive movements sought to align the politics and social order with the introduction of liberty, equality and opportunity ideals. Per Ornstein (2017), the progressivism has remained a social and political tradition since the late 19th century. In the past, the government sought to address social injustice occasioned by slavery, inequality of women and the plight of African Americans. The modern day social issues that reformers are addressing include environmental protection, gays and lesbian rights and immigration.
Marks, J. (2017). Devaluing our children. Huff Post. Retrieved from https://www.huffpost.com/entry/devaluing-our-children_b_3208956.
Ornstein, A. (2017). Social justice: History, purpose and meaning. Society 54, 541–548.
Scott, C. (2010). Paradoxes of prosperity: Wealth‐seeking versus Christian values in Pre‐Civil War America. American Nineteenth Century History, 11(1), 130-132.