Sample Religious Studies Paper on Christian-Muslim Relations

Question 1: The kind of life events and behaviors of Mohamed that distinguished him as important to Muslims and personal impression of his personality.

Mohamed is an illuminating and path paver to the Muslims who would always want to live like him. The Muslims believe in the faith of Mohamed being their focus of confidence, and they think it is through him that they will inherit the kingdom of God. The Christians, on the other hand, believe in Jesus Christ as their focus of faith (Kunst et, al., 2016). The Muslims view different aspects of life lived by Mohamed, their father of faith, and considered his walk as of great importance and influence their relationship with one another. These events include: He became an orphan at age five in 575AD (Armstrong, 2017). This encourages Muslims to stand the temptations of hard times.

Muhamed went to Mecca in 578 AD, where his grandfather died, leaving him at the care of his uncle. This encourages Muslims to care for the orphans in their reach. In 595 AD, Muhamed married Khadija when he was 25, and Khadija was 40 (Armstrong, 2017). They gave birth to six children, of which two died. This encourages Muslims to grow and keep their families. Ah age 40 in 610 AD, Muhamed fasted in mount Hira where he recited the Quran, which the Muslims use as their spiritual book. In 613 AD, he began to share his revelation of the mountain, which spread the Islamic faith though he first had an opposition. I recognize him as courageous and right-minded to fight for what is right and to achieve through the rough times of his life. He is a hero in his way and paved the way for a great achievement that can be followed for success and good living (Kunst et, al., 2016).

Question 2: How the Islam Message and teaching improved the life of women status and position in religion and the argument on equity concerning the lessons as put by the Muslim women.

The teaching of the Quran has had a significant impact on enlightening Muslim women and raising them to the right living both in religion and in society. First, the teaching against begging is a considerable lesion both in religion and culture. It ensures that women are hard-working and dependent on releasing burden off others. The Quran teaches that those who beg their flesh will be ripped off on the last day. This as well helps the Muslims to create a stronger economic base in the religion matters to assist in growth. Again the teaching about the fear and respect of men is essential to Muslim women and society (Khan et, al., 2015). The Quran teaches the women to accord deference to the men. This ensures there is order in the society as the men are considered the head of the family. The respect is important both to the community and religion. The men find good relations with the women and the room to put things in order as the superior being.

The teaching of courage as well is essential to the Muslim community and significant to the way of handling issues (Armstrong, 2017). The courage helps the women to avoid being marginalized in opinion and contribution in decision making. The teaching on family affairs is essential. It helps in promoting peace in society among the family members and the right living among individuals. The instructions on stewardship also help in creating an interactive culture and striking a balance in all other aspects of life. On a personal argument, the principle of equity in society should be practiced and be applied for a better experience.

Question 3: The extremist group that still focuses on the word jihad as their primary activity after the attack on September 11, 2001. If there is an Islamic group, the concern on the majority of Muslims and the meaning of the word in Muslim about jihad.

Jihadism, also called jihadism movement, refers to the neologism that is in the western languages in the twenty-first century (Peters, 2015). It is used to describe the movement of the Islamic military. This movement is of a military operation that is considered a threat to the western states. The term jihad is still applied in the west of languages, mostly by extremist groups (Storm et, al., 2017). The terrorists still use this movement in the west to cause the threat and attacks resulting in interrupted peace in the western countries like Asia. The youths form the better part of the group who are affected and are involved in the movement (Kunst et, al., 2016). The Islamic involvement in the foreign Islamic fight as engaged in the military war in Syria is an inclusion of the Islamic group in the whole thing (Peters, 2015). The Islam major groups are found to be infested with the movement extending to the engagement in the civil wars was the Muslims in the group. The western dominance narrative otherwise as a sideline the jihad as a resistance movement.

Nevertheless, the extremist group is considered un-Islamic in perception and ideology (Kunst et, al., 2016), (Peters, 2015). The group is generally untrusted and is not adequately counter cued by the government in countries like Afghanistan and the international community. The majority of the Muslims otherwise in this era have isolated themselves from the practice of jihadism. The statement about jihad as being a holy war or a holly struggle had a significant influence in the Muslim community (Khan et, al., 2015). As described by the Quran in the revelation of prophet Muhamed, jihad means a struggle and strife for the benefit of the community or the act of restraining from sin by an individual.

Question 4: Reasons why it seems that Islam and democracy are at odds and the better way to understand ways in which Islam and democracy work together in countries around the world.

The Islam majority countries are believed to enjoy less freedom and democracy as compared to the non-Muslim majority countries. The contention between Islam and justice is general strife that solving has been a challenge (Kunst et, al., 2016). The generation of the allegation can be traced back to the opinions of Hanington’s who said that western ideas of modernism, democracy, constitutionalism, human right, liberty, equality, the rule of law, liberalism, separation of states and churches have no or minimal vibration in Islam Hindu, Buddhist,  Japanese, and the orthodox cultures. This has been taken by the Muslim society hence standing in the way of modernism and democracy in major Islamic states (Khan et, al., 2015). The Muslim society still believes in the fight for the right of an individual and community as was introduced by the jihad in 2001. Otherwise, the solution to a better understanding of the conformity of the Muslims to the alignment with democracy may take different methods.

First, there is the need for inclusion of the Muslim society in the policy formulation process to help in making them understand the concept so that they don’t reject its implementation (Storm et, al., 2017). The aspect of launching teaching on the importance and need for democracy and changes as required by the states. This process is otherwise not an event and can take a long time and could even be transitioned in the transitioning of the generation. That, therefore, calls for much effort put on the younger generation are should be instilled with the knowledge and ideas which they will implement with the sense they find in it.

Question 5: The common challenge in Muslim majority societies and Muslim minority societies and the advantages of Muslims living as minorities.

Generally, the societies that have the majority Muslim community have almost the same challenge all over. The contemporary behavior of Muslims is based on the records and teachings of the Quran. The belief of the Muslims to live themselves and to seek to control everything using specific ways which may be improper is a common challenge. Most of Islamic societies are often faced by wars and unrest (Khan et, al., 2015). The fact that the countenance od democracy is not much pronounced in the faith makes the existence of peace a challenge in such societies. The Muslim minority societies otherwise, on the other hand, strive for social justice like in the United States (Armstrong, 2017). This kicks on the significant differences in the struggle for social justice, which in most cases, result in conflicts. Again, illiteracy among the Muslim majority societies is an aspect that causes much retardation to the development of science: the invention, modernization, and changes in the scientific face a challenge in the Muslim majority societies.

Again the conflict of faith is another challenge in Muslim majority societies since the Muslims believe in the existence of their faith alone (Khan et, al., 2015). The advantage of Muslims living as a minority is that it allows them to adopt the condition of the growing technology. The influence of the people living with them will influence them to adapt, and this will create a mutual understanding and acceptance of one another, lowering the chances of conflicts that arise as a result of differences among them (Storm et, al., 2017).




Armstrong, J. A. (2017). Nations before nationalism. UNC Press Books.

Khan, K., Abbas, M., Gul, A., & Raja, U. (2015). Organizational justice and job outcomes: Moderating role of Islamic work ethic. Journal of Business Ethics, 126(2), 235-246.

Kunst, J. R., Sadeghi, T., Tahir, H., Sam, D., & Thomsen, L. (2016). The vicious circle of religious prejudice: Islamophobia makes the acculturation attitudes of majority and minority members clash. European Journal of Social Psychology, 46(2), 249-259.

Peters, R. (2015). Islam and colonialism: the doctrine of jihad in modern history (Vol. 20). Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG.

Storm, I., Sobolewska, M., & Ford, R. (2017). Is ethnic prejudice declining in B ritain? C hange in social distance attitudes among ethnic majority and minority B ritons. The British journal of sociology, 68(3), 410-434.