According to Bandura, humans are a product of learning and have the capacity to use symbolization which will allow translation of a brief experience into a guide for future action. Bandura’s internal cognitive description is a self-influence exercise. There are three major self-regulative operations: behavioral self-monitoring, cause of the behavior and the outcome of the behavior; behavioral judgment in accordance to personal standards, and the emotional self-reaction, and Self-influence basis on moral conduct which may be affected by social factors. Forethoughts and beliefs determine human behaviors, forming goals on what people expect to do, and plan on the outcome. This process helps individuals motivate themselves in things they anticipate to do. Individuals control their feelings and thoughts using self-reactive and self-reflective capabilities.
Self –monitoring of one’s behavior: in this process we control our own behavior by modifying our behavior and observing our own performances according to the environmental factors. We pay more attention to behavior originality and the manner in which it affected us. It may be social status or morality behavior. The judgment process is an evaluation of our behavior, we can use personal standards to evaluate behavior performance without comparing ourselves to others and we can also use standard reference by comparing our performances to other people who we may think motivate us in one way or another. Judgments are determined by the value we place our skills on. In emotional self-reaction, we are driven by self-reinforcements and self-punishment depending on the nature of our behavior. Self-influence is determined by self-standard violation.
For example in observation learning we watch someone perform a behavior and observe if they are reinforced or punished from that behavior. If rewarded, you will be able to get that behavior as your future model. A child is more likely to model a grown up and so does a subordinate models his/her manager. Another instance is through enactive learning which occurs when we personally perform behaviors and then observe the consequences connected to the behavior. The consequences might result from; motivating future behavior, reinforcing present behavior and giving information. Jane wants to improve on her cooking habits; she frequently watches online video recipes that have brought a great impact on her.
In our own judgment of self-efficacy we have the capability to believe in our intuitive abilities, valuing our cognitive strengths and overcome obstacles that may hinder us from exploiting our capabilities.
Bandura, A. (Ed.). (2017). Psychological modeling: Conflicting theories. Transaction Publishers.
Zimmerman, B. J., & Schunk, D. H. (2003). Albert Bandura: The scholar and his contributions to educational psychology.
Bandura, A. (1999). Social cognitive theory of personality. Handbook of personality, 2, 154-196.