Sample Psychology Essays on The human intuition

The human intuition

Daniel Kehneman and Johnson Abercrombie have both conducted an investigation on the process of human reasoning. In chapter 1-4 of his book titled Thinking Fast and Slow Kehneman has categorized into two systems the characteristics of the human brain. System 1 is the fast thinker while system 2 is the slow thinker. He claims that most people use system one to think and make decisions because this part of the brain operates automatically, effortlessly and intuitively. However, system 2 is mostly used when trying to solve problems that require high level of concentration, reasoning and focus meaning that a person cannot simply jump into making quick conclusions. Kehneman’s thoughts are more similar to Abercrombie’s model of interpretation in that he also explains how the brain thinks especially its ability to retrieve and retain information.

Decision making and judgment are important in the life of every human. In his book, Kahneman has looked at the ways in which people can recognize situations that can result in mistakes and try as hard as possible to avoid making the mistakes in a case where the stakes are high (Kahneman 28). However, it is in chapter 4 of the book where he is addressing the associative machine where there is a strong link of thoughts to those of Abercrombie. According to Kahneman, being exposed to conscious and subconscious ideas triggers people to think about an idea associated to it (Kahneman 51). The reason people think this way is because the things which are outside their conscious awareness have the ability to influence the way in which they think or behave. While explaining the concept of schemata, Abercrombie has defined the ways in which the human mind has the potential to relate its past experiences which in the end will affect their new reactions or perceptions of things (Abercrombie32). The things which are outside the human conscious which Kahneman has talked about such as the past experiences have the ability to influence behavior. The concept that these two authors and psychologists are trying to explain in this case are similar. It means that they view someone’s reaction to be associated with something else. It is this something else which Abercrombie considers as past experience that has the ability to affect the way people interpret things.

It is, therefore possible to rename Kahneman’s ideas and arrive at something similar to Abercrombie. It is because they are both talking about judgment especially how information that a person has gained through their thoughts can influence the way in which they make judgments. However, Kahneman’s thoughts on system 1 of human the human brain brings out a difference in these two theories. It is because when talking about system 1, the process involves fast thinking meaning that there is no judgment that has to be made. The manner in which people interpret things is automatic and effortless. There is no time for thinking in system 1 meaning that the decisions made are rational in nature which is contrary to what Abercrombie has addressed in “the anatomy of judgment.”In conclusion, Kehneman and Abercrombie have similar way of thinking regarding the model of interpretation of the ways in which the brain works. The two authors have perfectly elaborated using different ideas on how humans have the potential to retain information which they will retrieve to make judgment on a particular issue that is affecting them.

Work Cited

Abercrombie, Johnson. The anatomy of judgment. Free Association Books, 1989. Retrieved from https://www.amazon.com/Anatomy-Judgement-M-Johnson-Abercrombie/dp/1853431060

Kahneman, Daniel. Thinking Fast and Slow. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013. Retrieved from https://www.amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-Slow-Daniel-Kahneman/dp/0374533555