Sample Psychology Annotated Bibliography Paper on Sandtray Therapy

Keivani S. N. A., & Alhosseini, K. A. (2018) Effectiveness of sand tray therapy on emotional- behavioral problems in preschool children. Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory, 1(2), 29-36

This article offers insight into the use of sand tray therapy in addressing emotional-behavioral problems common among preschool children. Additionally, the article notes that play therapy is an effective method that allows children to address their feelings, thoughts, and conflicts through self-expression and stories. To determine the effectiveness of sand tray therapy, the researchers used a randomized controlled trial method with pretest-posttest control group design. The results indicate that sand tray therapy significantly reduces behavioral problems such as depression and anxiety and behavioral problem such as aggression in pre-school children. The research theme is on the use of play therapy in resolving emotional and behavioral problems among children. The findings indicate that play therapy effectively allows children to express their annoying experiences and inner problems. Additionally, child psychologists can use play therapy to inform parents of their children’s emotional and behavioral problems. The study can be improved through the use of a method that allows generalization to a larger population.

Freedle, L. R., Altschul, D. B., & Freedle, A. (2015). The role of sandplay therapy in the treatment of adolescents and young adults with co-occurring substance abuse disorders and trauma. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 24(2).

This article discusses the role of sand tray therapy in managing substance use disorders and trauma in youth and adolescents. This study is effective in identifying how play therapy can be positively incorporated in other treatment programs. Therefore, play therapy is a research-informed- treatment program, which is firsthand or experiential therapy. The researchers used the mixed method quasi-experimental design by mixing qualitative and quantitative methods. Additionally, a sample of 22 participated in a 16-week treatment program. The results indicate that after the treatment program, participants showed a significant reduction in substance abuse, reduced trauma-related distress symptoms, and better performance at home and school. The findings point out that play therapy is effective in the treatment of adolescents and youth with substance abuse disorders or trauma cases.  Substance use disorders and trauma are the main research themes. The article appraises the positive impact of play therapy theory in using self-expression to resolve conflict and emotional problems. Nevertheless, this study used a small sample size and can be improved by studying the effectiveness of play therapy on larger populations.

Roesler, C. (2019). Sandplay therapy: An overview of theory, applications and evidence base. The Arts in Psychotherapy64, 84–94. doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2019.04.001

Sand Play therapy (SPT) is used extensively worldwide. This article aims to provide a thorough outline of sand play therapy, its theoretical background, its application among different individuals in different health and mental problems, and its evidence base. One study notes that this psychotherapeutic method applies to children, adolescents, and adults. The researcher uses a systematic research method to establish more evidence base of SPT by reviewing existing empirical studies on play therapy.  The results identified 16 Randomized Controlled Trials and 17 studies showing the effectiveness of play therapy. Additionally, the results indicate that play therapy produces a significant improvement in mental health problems in children and adults. The research themes are the psychodynamic theory of play therapy, its evidence base, and applications.  Consequently, the findings conclude that play therapy is effective clinical practice in dealing with widespread issues including trauma, disabilities, and distresses for individuals and groups, including refugees in large scale disasters.  However, more evidence-based research should be conducted on the theory and practice of play therapy.

Yahaya, A., Maakip, I., Voo, P., Mee, S. K. S., & Kifli, K. H. (2018). The effectiveness of sandplay therapy to improve students’ self-esteem: A preliminary study in Brunei Darul Salam. Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology9(1), 23. doi: 10.5539/jedp.v9n1p23

This article discusses the effectiveness of play therapy in the improvement of self-esteem among students. The research aims to establish whether play therapy is an effective measure of the relationship between students’ self-esteem and academic achievement. This study used an experimental design, by comparing an experimental and a control group on pre and post-test results. Additionally, a sample of 16 students for the experimental group received sand play therapy in comparison to 16 students from a control group. The study results indicate that sand therapy significantly influences self-esteem variables in the experimental group. This study theme solely focuses on self-esteem. The findings conclude that play therapy is an effective intervention for boosting students’ self-esteem. Consequently, the findings enlighten on the applicability of Jungian play therapy theory by therapists, schools, and parents in effectively dealing with self-esteem issues among adolescents.   However, the researcher suggests further studies on the applicability of play therapy in other areas due to limited studies.

Tornero, M. D. L. A., & Capella, C. (2017). Change during psychotherapy through sand play tray in children that have been sexually abused. Frontiers in Psychology8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00617

This article explores the findings of a study on the use of sand play or sand tray therapy in sexually abused children.  In particular, the study examines the effectiveness of psychotherapy treatment since sexual abuse among children may interfere with their psychological development and functioning. The researchers used a longitudinal study method with a sample of 7 participants between 7 and 10 years old. Additionally, data was gathered using observation of the psychotherapeutic activity on the children in 3 different treatment phases for 6 months. The study results reveal that engagement with sand play resulted in playful expressions among the participants. The findings indicate that play therapy is an effective therapeutic tool for dealing with traumatic experiences. The results are consistent with previous theories of play therapy that argue on its effectiveness in children suffering from traumatic experiences. Nevertheless, future studies should be done to compare similarities and differences in play therapy use on children with different types of abuse.

References

Freedle, L. R., Altschul, D. B., & Freedle, A. (2015). The role of sandplay therapy in the treatment of adolescents and young adults with co-occurring substance abuse disorders and trauma. Journal of Sandplay Therapy, 24(2).

Keivani S. N. A., & Alhosseini, K. A. (2018). Effectiveness of sand tray therapy on emotional- behavioral problems in preschool children. Iranian Journal of Learning and Memory, 1(2), 29-36

Roesler, C. (2019). Sandplay therapy: An overview of theory, applications and evidence base. The Arts in Psychotherapy64, 84–94. doi: 10.1016/j.aip.2019.04.001

Tornero, M. D. L. A., & Capella, C. (2017). Change during psychotherapy through sand play tray in children that have been sexually abused. Frontiers in Psychology8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00617

Yahaya, A., Maakip, I., Voo, P., Mee, S. K. S., & Kifli, K. H. (2018). The effectiveness of sandplay therapy to improve students’ self-esteem: A preliminary study in Brunei Darul Salam. Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology9(1), 23. doi: 10.5539/jedp.v9n1p23