Sample Political Science Paper on Foreign Policy Analysis (India)

India is amongst the most populated nations in the world. India has a parliamentary type of government whereby legislature and executive are closely related and share powers with each other. Cabinet is formed by the parliament with parliament being the superior organ. According to  Leslie & Docherty (pp. 3) in parliamentary type of government the president is the head of state while the prime minister is the one who governs. Today the Indian state claims to embody the values of a stable political democracy, a harmonious territorial unity, and a steadfast religious impartiality.

National security entails protection to citizens, economy, and the state. India ensures national security through military, political, and environmental security. It ensures that it has enough military personnel to offer security to citizens and their property. Political security in India ensures that laws amended are adhered to leaders are protected, and the government runs smoothly. Environmental security deals with environmental issues that threaten national security.

To provide economic prosperity, India has cut down health care costs, improved its infrastructure, and developed good relationship with other nations. Today, many people in India have access to healthcare as the Indian government reduced the costs of treatment and enhanced the health care units (Bonner). Infrastructure in India has improved and this has led to easy transportation of commodities. The good relationship between India and other states such as the USA has facilitated economic development in India as it can export and import smoothly.

National identity refers to the sense of belonging to one nation or state (Ashmore et al. 74). India promotes and preserves its national identity through cultural unity, emotional unity, and political unity. In India, some of the religious and cultural festivals are celebrated countrywide, thus bringing it citizens together. India adopted a democratic system of politics, which means political unification, thus uniting the people. The word Bharat Varsha binds Indians emotionally by bringing people closer.

Global security in India is maintained through ensuring good relationship with other countries, joining global unions, and military personnel. India ensures that it is in good terms with other nations and this has guaranteed them global security. India has joined hands with global organizations and this keeps it updated and on track. It has well-trained forces to protect them in case of a global crisis such as war or even in case of terrorism.

India has many ethnic and religious groups, which make it face religious conflicts. India also suffers clashes between protesters and the Indian forces, clashes such as Kashmir and Delhi have been there for decades and this threatens the security of the nation. Lastly, some people in India feel discriminated and unwanted and this affects their sense of belonging leading to national unrest, as people protest against inequality.


Works Cited

Ashmore, Richard et al. Social Identity, Intergroup Conflict, and Conflict Resolution. Oxford University Press, 2001, pp.74-75

Bonner, Bill. “Make Way, World. India Is on the Move“. Christian Science Monitor, 2010.

Leslie, Seidle & Docherty, David. Reforming parliamentary democracy. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003, pp. 3