Sample Political Science Essays on Darfur

Fighting between pro-government and anti-government groups ·   Holding of reconciliatory and reunification peace talks with the view of addressing economic and political neglect that led to the rebellion in Darfur region.

·   Developing framework for equitable distribution of political and economic resources throughout Somalia and non-retributive disarmament of militia groups from both sides of the conflict.

·   Increased deployment of UN peace keepers in the region

·   Peace talks will ensure that people from Darfur region enjoy the much-needed peace that can spur social, political and economic development

·   Reunification and reconciliatory talks ensure that residents of Darfur region receive their fair share of national resources and political representation.

·   Peace talks, non-retributive disbarment of militias from both sides and peacekeepers will create an environment conducive for economic development. Investors, local, national and international, will seek investment opportunities in the region buoyed by peace. This will spur growth of local economy

The lack of action by the Sudanese government and its links to the pro-government militias ·   Wide-ranging economic sections against the government and leading government figures and freezing of assets of key figures and financiers of militias by international community

·   Placing a military weapons trade embargo on Sudanese government to cut-off supply of weapons and ammunition used by pro-government militias.

·  Reduced weapon infiltration among pro-government militia will reduce civilian causalities associated with the war.

·  Economic sanctions will incentivize the government to come to the negotiation table and negotiate a peace deal that would resolve the conflict

The millions of people living in refugee camps in Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic. ·   Holding of reunification and reconciliatory peace talks to peaceful resolve the conflict

·   Development of a framework to return refugees to their homes under the peace agreement under the supervision of international community and the United Nations and its commissions and agencies.

·  Peaceful resolution of the conflict will provide a safe environment for the refugees to return to their homes

·  Returning home and peace will improve the psychological and physical health of the traumatized refugees who have spent years away from their ancestral lands and homes.

The lack of food, clean water, shelter, and medicine for the people living in refugee camps. ·  Increased donation and supply of essential provisions such as food, medicine, shelter and water to the refuges.

·  Negotiating with the warring sides including the Sudanese government to allow for safe passage of these essential supplies to the refugees in their camps.

·   Improved physical and mental health

·   Improved life expectancy

·   Reduced mortality and morbidity rates among refugees especially due to inadequate supply of medicine and water and starvation.

The fact that the Sudanese government rejects UN help ·   Initiating talks with the Sudanese government through proxies including regional leaders and bodies such as the African Union. ·   Will hasten the process of peaceful resolution of the conflict

·   Locals will enjoy the social, political and economic benefits that comes with living in a peaceful environment

·   Facilitate the return of refugees to their ancestral homes and lands

·   Peace talks will allow for aid agencies to access and supply the much-needed essential supplies to the refugee camps.

Challenge Task
What problems might you, working at the UN, face in trying to implement these solutions? What should the Security Council do if Sudan does not implement these solutions?
One of the problems I might face in implementing these solutions is lack of political will from member organizations especially members of the Security Council who have veto powers (Patrick n.pag). These solutions can only be effective when ratified and implemented by all member states and especially the Security Council members.

Additionally, I might face the problem of scarce resources necessary to handle the logistics of distributing aid, facilitating peace talks and missions, and monitoring and assessing the process of implementing these solutions.

The tough stance by the Sudanese government and the involvement of several factions and militias in the Darfur conflict may prove to be a stumbling block in reaching a peace agreement or deal aimed at allowing for refugees to return to their homes. It may also make it difficult to reach agreement and development a framework for safely supplying the essential aid to the refugee camps.


Work Cited

Patrick, M. Stewart. Limiting the Security Council Veto in the face of mass atrocities. Council on Foreign Relations, 23 Jan., 2015.