have another homework assignment that\’s due for week 2. Choose one of the following options for your Original Post. Posts are due by midnight on Wednesday, Aug. 31. Option #1: Truth, Belief and Knowledge Examine how a philosopher challenges your assumptions about truth, belief, or knowledge by doing the following: Explain how the philosopher in the Gateway into Philosophy resource challenges your assumptions about truth, belief, or knowledge? Identify one argument or thing they say that challenges or questions your assumptions. Include a quote from the Gateway into Philosophy resource in your discussion. Define epistemology in your own words and discuss what you learned by examining the epistemology of this philosopher. Make sure to: Use what you have learned in the Required Readings about World Philosophy, your own cultural background, experiences, judgments and reasoning to answer these questions. Use at least one quote from this week\’s Required Learning Resources, and one from the Gateway resource in your answer. Make sure to provide in-text citations for both quotes in MLA format. Provide references for all sources in MLA format. Resource material below: What is philosophy in the western tradition? Many answers have been offered in reply to this question. My favorite answer is that western philosophy concerns itself with all of rational inquiry except for science. Perhaps you think science exhausts inquiry. About a hundred years ago, many western philosophers, especially the Logical Positivists, thought there was nothing we could intelligibly inquire into except for scientific matters. But this view is probably not right. What branch of science addresses the question of whether science covers all rational inquiry? If the question strikes you as puzzling, this might be because you already recognize that whether science can answer every question is not itself a scientific issue. Questions about the limits of human inquiry and knowledge are philosophical questions. We can get a better understanding of philosophy by considering what sorts of things other than scientific issues humans might inquire into. Philosophical issues are as diverse and far ranging as those we find in the sciences; in the western tradition of philosophy a great many of them fall into one of three big topic areas, metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics. Metaphysics Metaphysical issues are concerned with the nature of reality, both external and internal. Traditional metaphysical issues in the west include the existence of God and the nature of human free will (assuming we have any). Here are a few metaphysical questions of interest to contemporary philosophers: What is a thing? How are space and time related? Does the past exist? How about the future? How many dimensions does the world have? Are there any entities beyond physical objects (like numbers, properties, and relations)? If so, how are they related to physical objects? What is the self? How is the self related to external reality? Historically, many philosophers have proposed and defended specific metaphysical positions, often as part of systematic and comprehensive metaphysical views. But attempts to establish systematic metaphysical world views have been notoriously unsuccessful. Since the 19th century many western philosophers and scientists have been understandably suspicious of metaphysics, and it has frequently been dismissed as a waste of time, or worse, as meaningless. But in just the past few decades metaphysics has returned to vitality. As difficult as they are to resolve, metaphysical issues are also difficult to ignore for long.