Sample Paper on Role of Africa in the Emancipation of Haiti

The independence of any Nation is a journey. Events that culminate to independence are bleak and meaningless to those who enjoy these freedoms but a struggle and sacrifice for those who fight for the freedom[1]. Haitian independence would be forged from acts of war whose history dates back to the civil wars in Kongo. We were introduced to the revolution leader, Macaya, who denounced the French and pledges his allegiance to three kings. This opens us to the country of origin of most slaves in Saint Domingue, Haiti[2], Africa, which was largely monarchical.  The Haitian revolution and the later emancipation of Haiti draws its inspiration from early disgruntled revolts in the Americas incited by cultural emancipation necessitated by the slaves’ dire need to practice their home culture in their land of slavery. The instigators of the struggle for cultural autonomy in Haiti would be people with Kongolese roots.

The origins and political development of the Haitian systems are drawn majorly from Africa. European capitalism ideologies only helped in fueling anti-slavery campaigns. The anti-slavery crusade opened new grounds for the west to colonize Carribean colonies[3]. For instance the French while trying to chasten their presence in Haiti, blamed the native kings of Guinea and the white kings of Europe, for the slave trade.

Slave merchants would penetrate inland o source for slaves. These slaves would then be transported onboard French and English merchant ships to the Carribbean. Slave trade thrived majorly due to the instability brought about by civil wars emanating from power struggle in the Kongo kingdom. These supremacist and succession fuelled civil wars in Kongo, fought by the slaves, helped in preparing them for emancipation in the 18th century.

In their desired system of governance the slaves desired a totalitarian monarch. In this system just like in kongo. The monarch was a necessity but with limited powers. The monarch had full immunity and their crimes remained unpunished as long as they remained generous to the people. Tales of brutality from kings as they assert their authority. Native kongolese were a superstitious group and believed in witchcraft. Witches would be consulted over several mysterious issues including disease[4]. We are introduced to women in leadership and religion through the mediation works of Beatriz Kimpa Vita who insisted that the rival camps involved in the civil war make peace to allow her revered St Antony to nominate the next leadership. She asserted that their woes were caused by selfishness from the leadership.


[1] Those who enjoy the fruits of freedom may never appreciate the input of those who fought and got killed in the struggle


[2] Saint Domingue and Haiti are interchanged to denote the same country. Saint Domingue was the slave republic and was renamed Haiti post-independence

[3] The anti-slavery campaigns by European powers endeared them to the former slave colonies who looked to them for liberation

[4] Traditional witch=doctors  and seers were very important figures in traditiona Africa. Their ability to manipulate the powers that be was impeccable