Sample Paper on Environment &Social/Cultural Impact of Tourism

Environment &Social/Cultural Impact of Tourism

According to a study done by Clarke (2015), tourists come from different destinations. He also notes that tourists are of different religions, cultures, and geographical areas. More so, they exhibit varied economic status. Accordingly, tourists visit different destinations of a particular nation. As a result, the local people are supposed to proffer facilities such as food, accommodation, and social amenities to them. Nonetheless, the activitiesthe tourists engender in once they visit these destinations are varied and have different environmental, social, and cultural impacts to the host country. The current paper will address the environment and sociocultural impact of tourism based on three articles.

Article Summaries and Reflection

The article “Residents’ support for tourism development” by Stylidis, Biran andSzivas(2014) agrees that tourism can have environmental, cultural and social impact to the society. According to the authors, this impact can be positive or negative.For instance, the authors postulate that tourists entering a country might transfer good or bad morals to the people in that particular nation. Accordingly, tourists with good morals contribute to a healthy environment as well as retention of good cultural values.On the contrary, tourists with immoral behaviors contribute to pollution of the environment and erosion of good cultural values of the country.

The information contained in the article is articulate and imperative to the current paper because it addresses various impacts allied to tourism and the effect it has to an economy. For instance, the authors of the article note that tourism contributesto protection and conservation of the natural environment. More so, tourism has the potential to create thebeneficial environment through the revenue earned(Stylidis, Biran&Szivas, 2014).

In furtherance to that, the article “Caribbean tourism: an analysis of the economic, socio-cultural and environmental impacts of tourism on the Caribbean” by Clarke (2015) has a similar view. The author notes that tourism positively influences the development of infrastructure and exploitation of natural resources. According to the author, tourism needs better transport system to facilitate movement of tourist. Therefore, when a countrymodifies these transport system, desirable infrastructuresare attained. Nonetheless, the author also acknowledges the negative effects on the environment such as environmental pollution. It has been noted that tourist highly pollutes the environment by disposing of solid waste and other waste into rivers and land. This leads to water pollution and land degradation. He also notes that the pollution caused erodes the aesthetic beauty of the physical environment.

The article is current and proffers accurate and valid information regarding the impact caused by tourism to the economy. Various impacts are covered. For instance, the author notes that local people gain better education, new lifestyle, and new social activities when they interact with the tourism. Most significantly, the author notes that tourism creates employment opportunities to the citizens.

In the article “Evaluating the perceived social impacts of hosting large-scale sport tourism events,” Kim, Jun, Walker and Drane (2015), postulate that communities conserve their cultural heritage when entertaining the tourist. The authors note that some communities have unique architectural techniques and craft education. As people entertain the tourist, they earn income, whichcan be used to develop other sectors of the country; consequently leading to better social life.

Nevertheless, the article exercised impartiality because it presents both negative and positive impacts of tourism in a fair way. For instance, the authors note that tourism result in erosion of important cultural activities.Tourist influences people with their mode of living. Additionally, tourism causes increased crime rate because they introduce the youths to immoral behaviors such as drug abuse. Some tourist are also involved in drug trafficking. Such aspects and behaviors have inimical and detrimental effects to the people.


Stylidis, D., Biran, A., Sit, J., &Szivas, E. M. (2014).Residents’ support for tourism development: The role of residents’ place image and perceived tourism impacts. Tourism Management45, 260-274

Clarke, L. (2015). Caribbean tourism: an analysis of the economic, socio-cultural and environmental impacts of tourism on the Caribbean.

Kim, W., Jun, H. M., Walker, M., &Drane, D. (2015).Evaluating the perceived social impacts of hosting large-scale sport tourism events: Scale development and validation. Tourism Management48, 21-32.