Sample Nursing Paper on The Aging Process

Discuss the aging process.

            The process of aging entails getting older. With age, the body cells stop functioning at the standard rates. The study of the aging concept and processes entails the controlling and understanding of the issues that relate to an individual’s finitude. According to Cavanaugh and Blanchard-Fields (2018), the aging process influences every aspect of human life, which is psychological, physiological, social and biological. A community’s cultural attitudes and believes influences the individuals’ perception concerning the ageing process. One of the significant factors that affect the body’s aging process is the increased cellular production mistakes that relate to the creation of nonfunctional body cells, which deteriorates the normal body functions. The other factor that triggers the aging process is the cellular distortion that results in a shortened DNA and leads to apoptosis.

Discuss the demographic characteristics of the elderly population in your community.

            A large proportion of the global population is aging although the rates vary in different nations. The number of aging pollution has vastly increased over the last few decades, and the older individual’s share of the global population has risen from four to seven percent. The increase can be attributed to improved healthcare, which has increased life expectancy. In the United States, the elderly account for thirteen percent of the entire population (Levy & Macdonald, 2016). The current number of the senior population globally is expected to rise to twenty percent in the next twenty-five years. The rapid increase in the elderly population will exert significant pressure on the healthcare facilities especially Medicaid, Medicare, and social security programs. The older women and men are likely to suffer disabilities and financial constraints and in most cases end up living in nursing homes.

Describe and give 2 examples of psychosocial issues related to aging.

            Some of the psychosocial issues related to aging include reducing social contacts and networks, fear, loneliness, financial challenges, isolation, depression, anxiety, and stress. As postulated by Navarro-Pardo et al. (2015), these factors affect an individual’s health status and could trigger diseases like stroke and cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension. Additionally, significant psychosocial issues such as depression, isolation, and loneliness can result in chronic conditions for instance cancer, arthritis, and diabetes. Therefore, health professionals should seek to assess and take care of elderly patients and pay adequate attention to the related psychosocial issues to prevent illnesses. Other activities that the elderly can engage in to eradicate the psychological problems include physician practices, finding new responsibilities, and hiring health professionals to access them regularly.

Describe and give 2 examples of physiological changes due to aging.

Examples of the physiological issues relating to the ageing process include a reduced heartbeat, a raised blood pressure and arteriosclerosis. The lungs and breathing system experience low vital capacities and diminished cardiac rates. Moreover, elderly experience reduced functional and degenerative alterations in the joints (Rodríguez-Arellano et al., 2016). They also lose muscle strength and their metabolism rate changes, which means that there is a need for effective programs of exercises and diets to reverse or delay some these aging changes.

Aging refers to the course of growing old. The aging process results in biological, psychosocial, physiological, and physical changes and it influences every aspect of life. Some of these changes include isolation, reduce metabolism rates and increased blood pressure. Health professionals should recommend healthy diets and exercises to delay and reverse these changes. The elderly population should also seek activities that help them relax and promote their health, for instance, engaging in physical activities. The government should create policies that promote the well-being of this vulnerable population.




Cavanaugh, J. C., & Blanchard-Fields, F. (2018). Adult development and aging. Cengage


Levy, S. R., & Macdonald, J. L. (2016). Progress on understanding ageism. Journal of Social

Issues72(1), 5-25.

Navarro-Pardo, E., Fernández-Muñoz, J. J., Vázquez-Martínez, A., Vázquez-Molina, J., Moret, C. M. T., & Civera-Mollá, C. (2015). Resilience and the aging process: Assessment tools and needs. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences191, 2008-2011.

Rodríguez-Arellano, J. J., Parpura, V., Zorec, R., & Verkhratsky, A. (2016). Astrocytes in physiological aging and Alzheimer’s disease. Neuroscience323, 170-182.