Sample Nursing Paper on Health Vulnerability: Socioeconomic and Cultural Factors

Public health issues are very critical. Barr (2008) explicates that disparities in healthcare are a key challenge affecting access to quality and reliable healthcare services. According to Association (2012), the most susceptible populace is the racial and ethnic minorities. Most people that fall under this population are economically disadvantaged and lack health insurance. Consequently, they are unable to access better and quality healthcare services leading to poor health. According to the WHO report (2008), due to inherent levels of poverty among the racial and ethical minorities, the cost of accessing quality healthcare services becomes a key factor leading to increased deplorable health conditions among these groups. Anderson (2011) reiterates that, even though the government is constantly striving to step up healthcare policies that aid in eliminating the healthcare disparities among its citizens, this has not been fully achieved because of poor policy implementation strategies.

David et al (2013) affirm that contemporary society is characterized by a wide array of changes. As such, the public health system is continually subjected to numerous challenges that demand a modification of its public healthcare approaches in a bid to meet the citizens in their point of healthcare needs. According to Keller, Strohschein, & Briske (2011), community nurse practice is one of the approaches that the public health system has adopted to address the growing community health needs. The Green-Belt Medicare in New Hampshire (hypothetical) is one such setting where community-oriented nursing services are rendered at affordable prices. These services are directed to vulnerable populaces of racial and ethnic minorities where poverty deprives them of access to better and quality healthcare services.

Community-oriented nursing roles assumed by nurses include research, education, and general healthcare services. The nurses work with little or no significant support from other health experts to serve the special health need populations via exceptional clinical as well as communication skills. They carry out numerous public health researches and use the findings to serve the community better and educate the vulnerable population on various health-related issues. Additionally, the nurses provide a wide array of healthcare services to the public at affordable costs to help in improving the general health of the people of New Hampshire, which endeavors to eliminate the health disparities due to poverty and other related factors.

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What is toxoplasmosis?

According to Keller, Strohschein, & Briske (2011), a parasitic infection transmitted from an infected mother to an unborn baby through the bloodstream and has the effect of slowing down the brain activity of a child as it grows. It is a serious yet neglected disease that can be prevented. WHO report (2008) unveils that, the disease is common among poor Asians and African-Americans living in poor health conditions.



  • Handling and eating of raw or undercooked meat that is contaminated
  • Drinking raw milk
  • Exposure to cat feces (Mainly due to gardening without gloves and cat’s litter box)
  • Transfer from an infected mother to an unborn child through the bloodstream


Signs and Symptoms

  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Muscle and general body aches and prolonged pains
  • Skin rash
  • Distorted vision due to serious irritation of the retina
  • Hearing impairment
  • Mental retardation
  • Seizure (Especially among babies)
  • Yellow skin and eyes mostly in babies



Association (2012) explicates that, treatment is done to patients with a weakened immune and exemplifies serious health problems, as there is no need for treatment especially among adults because; unless symptoms persist, they will always disappear with time without serious effect to the infected. However, this is not the case among children as certain symptoms may be a sign of other sicknesses. According to David et al (2013), children born with the infection can receive treatment a year after birth through anti- toxoplasmosis drugs and prescriptions from a doctor or an infectious disease practitioner. Usually, the period of treatment among children is administered depending on the seriousness of infection but charges are affordable.


  • Avoid handling and eating raw or undercooked meat that is contaminated. Always cook meat thoroughly and wash your hands thoroughly after handling raw meat
  • Freeze raw meat for some days before cooking
  • Desist from drinking raw milk. Always boil your milk thoroughly before drinking
  • Avoid exposure to cat feces. When gardening or handling a cat’s litter box, put on gloves
  • Transfer from an infected mother to an unborn child through the bloodstream
  • Pregnant mothers should avoid direct contact with cats or their feces


Wash your hands thoroughly Wear gloves while gardening      Pregnant mother should have                                                                                                                         someone else feed their cat



Anderson, R. J. (2011). Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 2004–2006. U.S. Census            Bureau, 70-123.

Association, A. P. (2012). Effects of poverty, hunger, and homelessness on children and youth; homelessness.

Barr, D. A. (2008). Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and      Health. New York: JHU Press.

David, A., Fields, S., Phillips, D., Scherger, J., & Taylor, R. B. (2013). Family Medicine:             Principles and Practice. New York: Springer Science & Business.

Keller, L. O., Strohschein, S., & Briske, L. (2011). Population-Based Public Health Nursing             Practice: The Intervention Wheel. Stanhope, 187-214.

Organization, W. H. (2008). Inequities are killing people on a “grand scale” reports WHO’s commission. Geneva: WHO Publishers.