Sample Nursing Paper on Ethical and Legal Parameters

Trial drugs are necessary to determine what works and what is safe so that health practitioners effectively treat and prevent diseases. Informed consent is a key ethical consideration in this case (Yip, Han, & Sng, 2016). Before issuing trial drugs to attendees at the health fair, the trial staff must verbally discuss and determine that the subjects have understood the information conveyed. The participants must give voluntary approval for participating in the drug trial. Also, the informed consent form must be written in a language, easily understandable to the subject (Paul, Elizabeth, Justin, & Andrew, 2014).  If translation is necessary, the principal researcher should have someone on site to accurately present information to participants.

The translational research team must be aware of and sensitive to the ethical and legal implications of their research. This implies making the commitment and taking the time to maintain ethical and legal guidelines. Some key steps must be followed when conducting this type of research. First, subject participation should be voluntary (In Homedes & In Ugalde, 2014). The translational research team must conduct research using willing participants. They should not be bribed, coerced, or threatened into participation. Secondly, the translational research team must acquire informed consent, a procedure in which all prospective participants are educated about the purpose and risks of the study (Yip et al. 2016). The research team must document the consent in a written format. Informed consent guarantees that subjects understand the purpose, risks, and benefits of the experiment, thereby making an informed decision about whether or not to participate. The third and final step to upholding ethical and legal guidelines is by maintaining participant confidentiality (In Homedes & In Ugalde, 2014). Confidentiality is a vital component of any translational research project. The research team must guarantee the participants that identifying individual information and responses will not be shared with those outside the study. These three steps offer an essential safeguard to ensure translational research is not only ethical but also legal.




In Homedes, N., & In Ugalde, A. (2014). Clinical trials in Latin America: Where ethics and business clash. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Paul, S. M., Elizabeth, W., Justin, O., & Andrew, F. (November 29, 2014). Ethical and scientific considerations for patient enrollment into concurrent clinical trials. Trials Journal, 15, 470. Accessed on 21st June 2020 from

Yip, C., Han, N., R. & Sng, B., L. (January 01, 2016). Legal and ethical issues in research. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 60, 9, 684-688. Accessed on 21st June 2020 from