Nutrition and physical activity are important aspects of healthy living. The management of diabetes relies heavily on engagement in exercise or physical activity and modifications made on the patients’ diet to ensure that they meet their dietary recommended intakes while at the same time reducing their intake of foods that could affect their health.
Proper nutrition is essential in maintaining the right glucose levels among diabetic patients. Healthy dietary patterns that diabetic patients should follow include consuming complex or high-quality carbohydrates like whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and pulses as the fiber content in these foods slows down the absorption of glucose thereby reducing instances of sudden rises in blood glucose levels. Moderating the intake of carbohydrates by counting the serving consumed is also important in reducing the risks of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia. Diabetes patients who do not have additional complications like renal diseases do not need to make changes in the portions of their protein and fat intake but should only ensure that they are consuming healthy proteins like lean meat or plant proteins and that they use healthy fats, which can be obtained from fruit like avocados and nuts. Intake of adequate amounts of water is also important in hydration and elimination of excess glucose (Uusitupa & Schwab, 2020). Adhering to these dietary recommendations promotes effective management of diabetes.
There are numerous benefits linked with exercise that could help diabetics manage their health. Engagement in exercise promotes healthy weight loss, which reduces the risks of cardiovascular diseases or other diabetes-related complications. Research has linked physical activity of any form with reduced morbidity among diabetic patients. Recommended physical activities involves engagement in low to moderate intensity activities for approximately 30 to 45 minutes through a combination of aerobic and strength training exercises (Klimek, Knap, Reda, & Masternak, 2019). These exercises result in better glycemic control and reduction in glycated hemoglobin. Participation in exercises and intake of healthy meals is essential in promoting effective management of diabetes.
Klimek, M., Knap, J., Reda, M., & Masternak, M. (2019). Physical activity in prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 9(9), 1175-1181. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338397137_Physical_activity_in_prevention_and_treatment_of_type_2_diabetes_mellitus.
Uusitupa, M., & Schwab, U. (2020). Evolving Nutritional Therapy for Diabetes Mellitus. Nutrients, 12 (2), 1-4.