Sample Nursing Essays on Nursing Theory

Nursing Theory

Developing into a skillful and competent nurse is the product of experience and training. According to Patricia Benner (1984), such career progression takes place in phases with a novice being the first stage and expert the final one. However, before becoming an expert, a beginner nurse progresses into an advanced beginner nurse through knowledge development. Over time and with an accumulation of knowledge, an advanced beginner nurse becomes a competent nurse marked by demonstrated efficiency in task delivery. A competent nursing professional is confident and capable of coordinating tasks and analyzing problems. Through experience and dedication, a competent nurse becomes a proficient nurse capable of holistic analysis of situations. Such nurses do not want labor when it comes to task performance and decision making. Additionally, a competent nurse is capable of timely delivery of duties and responsibilities without using any backup cues. Unlike a novice nurse who is inexperienced and lacks discretion judgment and confidence, an expert one is characterized by an intuitive approach to task performance and decision making. Due to accumulated experience, knowledge and training, expert nurses are highly analytical, flexible, and holistic in their approach to their duties (Gobet & Chassy, 2008). They are highly skilled and proficient. It is the apex of professionalism that I aspire to reach as a nurse.

As an advanced beginner nurse, my knowledge in task performance, solution development, and nursing knowledge, in general, is developing and growing. I joined the profession one year ago, after finishing my nursing studies. My task performance is marginally acceptable due to the experience I have gained over the past months and during my theoretical training and practical sessions. The actual situations I encountered in the course of my profession as a nurse has equipped my skills and experience to handle various situations in the workplace.

Over the past few months, I have developed significant efficiency and skillfulness. Specifically, I have become very adept at maintaining records using some of the latest technologies used in my practice, including electronic health records, which has helped in developing my communication skills especially when it comes to interacting with doctors at the workplace. Due to my excellent communication skills, I have been assigned to coordinate home care services with primary care service providers within home settings such as parents and guardians. In addition to being a skillful communicator, I have also become quite skilled in the administration of medicine to patients as well as monitoring the conditions of patients that I am assigned to care for by my superiors.

However, during execution of my duties I occasionally rely on supporting cues due to my inexperience. Therefore, the opinions of my superiors, including fellow nurses and doctors play a vital role in the execution of my duties. Additionally, I rely on instructions, manuals, charts, and departmental guidelines as cues for effectively executing my duties as a nurse. I also refer to my training and research on various issues, practices, and protocols of my practices to accomplish my duties.

My skills have improved over time due to professional situations I have encountered. One such professional situation was when I was asked to lead the orientation of new nurses at our facility. It was the first time I had taken on such a leadership role in my professional life. The role was demanding and required excellent interpersonal communication and leadership skills. I have also learned critical ethical principles governing my profession by encountering ethical situations such as informing families of seriously ill patients on the condition of their loved ones. Finding the right approach to disclose traumatizing information to loved ones is challenging. I have also learned how to balance work ethics and to develop a working rapport with patients when taking down their information.

I will utilize the novice to the expert timeline as proposed by Patricia Benner (1984) To develop into an expert nurse. I plan to enroll for further training and take on more duties and leadership roles over the next two years to become a competent nurse. Doing so will equip me with enough experience and skills to perform my duties with greater perspective and analytical edge. I will also be able to perform my duties without using supporting cues promptly. Because I will also have a greater sense of consciousness, I will deliberate plan my duties and responsibilities. I will extend such training and professional responsibilities for the next three years to become a proficient nurse. During this period, I will also enroll in on-job training sessions. Mentorship will also help in accelerating my progression as I plan to develop leadership skills. Within the next ten years, I plan to develop into an expert nurse by taking on greater responsibilities at the workplace and enrolling for short courses.

As an advanced beginner nurse, I plan to take proactive measures to ensure that my career takes an upward trajectory. Within the next ten years, I hope to develop into an expert nurse with excellent ability to approach my duties holistically and flexibly.








Benner, P. (1984). From novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. Menlo Park: Addison-Wesley.

Gobet, F. & Chassy, P. (2008). Towards an alternative to Benner’s theory of expert intuition in nursing: A discussion paper. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 45, 129–139.