Sample Nursing Essays on Mandatory Vaccination of Children

Mechanisms of Vaccines in the body.

Immunization processes confer the body the ability to resist disease through the introduction of elements that stimulate the body defense systems to fend off subsequent infections (Martha , Irving , & Ronald, 1977, p. 25). Vaccines confer the body with added immunity against disease causing pathogens.

Some vaccines live attenuated forms; consist of inactivated or weakened forms of the disease causing agents (Martha , Irving , & Ronald, 1977, p. 28). These vaccines include counter infection caused by different pathogens; measles, mumps, chicken pox, yellow fever and smallpox. This class of vaccines works by initiating cellular signaling pathways, which initiate antibody responses that confers immunity to a host (Jessie , Gordon , Brian, Myron , & Gerard , 1991, p. 19). Immunity against pathogens in this case lasts several years.  Nonliving vaccine forms induce only temporary immunity; therefore require booster vaccination to maintain the immunological level.

Other vaccines include multiple vaccine combinations, inactivated toxins (toxoids), carbohydrate vaccines, and conjugate vaccines (Martha , Irving , & Ronald, 1977, p. 28).  These vaccines contain adjuvants, which amplify and modulate body reaction to antigens. Despite their importance in medical research the use of adjuvants is restricted worldwide.

 

Vaccination schedule

Jesse  in, Immunization of High-Risk Infants Younger Than 18 Months of Age with Split-Product Influenza Vaccine,  breaks down the immunization schedule into;

At Birth

HepB Hepatitis B vaccine administered within 24 hours of birth but can also be administered after one month

HepB: Second dose should be given 1 to 2 months after the first dose.

2 Months

DTaP: Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine

Hib: Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine

IPV: Inactivated poliovirus vaccine

PCV: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine

RV: Rotavirus vaccine

4 Months

DTaP repeat immunization; Hib; IPV; PCV; RV

  • months and annually: Influenza (Flu): The flu vaccine is recommended every year for children 6 months and older:

HepB; IPV; DTaP

12–15 months

Hib; MMR: Measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles) vaccine

PCV; Chickenpox (varicella)

(Jessie , Gordon , Brian, Myron , & Gerard , 1991, pp. 17-41)

 

Do you advocate that all children should be immunized? YES; the universal aim of medicine and medical research is to promote and maintain health and wellbeing.it is therefore imperative that to uphold this purpose and to give equal opportunity at life for all, immunization of children should proceed. Efforts should be made to ensure that there is ‘zero’ mortalities and morbidity from diseases that warrant vaccinations.

References

 

Jessie , G. R., Gordon , M., Brian, A. L., Myron , L. J., & Gerard , R. P. (1991).                             Immunization of High-Risk Infants Younger Than 18 Months of Age with Split-       Product Influenza Vaccine. Paediatrics , 87 (6).

Martha , L. L., Irving , G., & Ronald, G. (1977). Persistence of Antibody Following          Immunization of Children With Groups A and C Meningococcal Polysaccharide          Vaccines. Pediatrics , 60 (5).