Sample Nursing Article Review on Obamacare and Healthcare Disparity Concerns

Health disparities related to the gaps that exist in the quality of individual health as well as healthcare.  The inequalities are mentioned across racial, cultural, sexual, and socioeconomic groups. Thus, healthcare disparities are exposed depending on resource utilization, the health outcomes, or the degree of health care provided. For instance, America hosts several minority populations, namely African Americans, Asian Americans, and Latinos. The groups suffer from chronic diseases, higher mortality, and poorer health results relative to the whites. The advent and implementation of Obamacare, the Affordable Care Act, has a general solution to healthcare inequalities. The policy guarantees health care to all people across the nation regardless of race, sex, and status through subsidized insurance plans (Kimbrough‐Melton, 2013). In that case, it is likely that the increased number of insured could raise the reported cases of chronic illnesses. This suggests that Obamacare promises better and cheaper healthcare, but fails to account for the hidden costs arising such as lower standards of care.

Therefore, low-income earners access the subsidized insurance cover, which has the highest out-of-pocket costs as compared to market plans. As a result, health care will be deferred due to income differentials thereby increasing disparities. The implementation of Obamacare led to Hispanics and African Americans being pushed to an inefficient program, which had lower physician involvement (Weinick & Hasnain-Wynia, 2011). Therefore, the Medicaid program is poorly performing to effectively solve health gap concerns. In addition, the program does not soundly compensate primary-care providers, hence discouraging performance. One fact is that minority groups involuntarily favor Medicaid, whereas wealthy Americans purchase private insurance. This shows that Obamacare does not competently solve health disparity concerns; although the program has sought to reduce health costs and improve the quality.

References

Kimbrough‐Melton, R. J. (2013). Health for All: The Promise of the Affordable Health Care Act for Racially and Ethnically Diverse Populations. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 83(3), 352-358.

Weinick, R. M., & Hasnain-Wynia, R. (2011). Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Health Affairs, 30(10), 1837-1843.