Sample Management Essays on Organizational change

Organizational change

Organizational change refers to the overall modification or transformation of the organization’s people structure, operational processes, strategies or technology, as well as what effects these changes have on the organization. The need for organizational change is always stimulated by internal or external pressures. For a change to be implemented, it often requires somebody to assume the responsibility of overseeing the change processes, a change agent, can either be the general manager, recommended specialist from other departments or an external consultant. For major organizational changes, the organization often outsource specialists as they have the required experience and have an objective view point. (Robbins et al, 152)

Structural change

Structural changes are all those changes that are executed on the structure of the organization stemming from the internal or external factors and generally affect the normal functioning of the organization. The organization structure define how things are done in an organization, structural change may include change of organizational hierarchy of doing things, departmental duties and job structure, management system, change in chain of command or allowing junior employees to make certain decision to fasten the decision making process. Circumstances that mainly create the need for structural changes in an organization include; policy changes, market changes, job duplication, acquisition of new premises and formation of mergers (Robbins et al, 153).

Example, assuming Paul’s communication ltd merges with Net-source communication ltd, a need to eliminate duplicate departments will arise, employees from both side will be reassigned new roles, duplicate management positions will be eliminated, in addition, new policies and guidelines will need to be put in place and functionality of certain jobs will need to be aligned to fit the new company structure. The general structure of the company and products will also change to meet the market shift created by the merger, this may include additional or creation of new departments.

People change.

It is also referred to as personnel change. The change that focuses, nature and the quality of their interpersonal work relationship is referred to as Organizational Development. It involves changing their expectations, behavior, attitude and their perception in the work place. An organization may also experience people change by mass hiring or layoffs. When rapid hiring is done, the organization may have to bear the consequences of hiring new employees as it also tries to fit the newly employed personnel to their new role in the organization which might also not be defined (Robbins et al, 153).

When undertaking various strategic changes, the manager often employs various organizational development techniques which include; team building, survey and feedback techniques and intergroup development practices. The major indicators of how well the techniques are efficient is how much they are implemented on or ahead of schedule. It is important for managers to put into consideration factors such as cultural practices in the organization before implementing people changes, in addition, organization’s head should be sure that the changes to be implemented make sense for the local culture.

Technology change

Technology change refers to changes in technological infrastructures, automations, general systems, hardware or software among others in order to improve on a company’s outputs without increasing the cost of inputs. New innovations and competitive factors within or outside the industry often prompt the managers to introduce new technology and new tools in the company to encompass the new innovations. In the past, technological changes were represented by the linear model if innovation which in the current times has been discarded and replaced with the modern technological changes that encompasses innovation at various stages of research, development, dissemination and in its usage (Robbins et al, 153).

Automation is a type of technological change whereby certain human tasks are replaced by machines. Example is the automated teller machines in banks. Generally, computerization has brought about the most visible technological changes. Example, general stores and various retailers uses scanners that provide real time stock data information (Robbins et al, 154).

 

 

Work cited

Robbins, Stephen P, Mary Coulter, Ed Leach, and Mary Kilfoil. Management. North York, ON: Pearson Education Canada, 2014. Print. https://shankar9119.files.wordpress.com/2013/07/management-11th-edn-by-stephen-p-robbins-mary-coulter-pdf-qwerty80.pdf. Accessed 11th Dec 2017