NSC is an executive branch of the national government of the US formed by the National Security Act in September 1947. The NSC consists of the President, Secretary of State, Vice President, the Director of Defense Mobilization, the Director of Mutual Security, the Secretary of Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, and the Chairman of National Security Board (Lay, 2017). The effective functioning and reliable establishment of NSC facilitates the current stable political economy of the US.
According to Lay (2017), the NSC integrates all the aspects of national security policies to the final stage such that the policies that are presented to the President are fused and representative. The NSC is an advisory office; thus, it recommends the best options for national security. NSC analyzes and presents options and views originating from security agencies and departments such as the FBI and CIA to the Chief Executive for approval (Lay, 2017). Therefore, NSC ensures that a policy decision to be made by the President for US security has been considered from all points of view.
NSC must follow up on the policies approved by the President for execution. When the President approves recommended policies, executive agencies and departments ensure that the policies are implemented. According to Lay (2017), the assigned department supervises the whole operation with the head of the department as the boss. However, NSC follows up on the implementation through progress reports from the assigned department that show current measures taken towards implementation of the policy and timeliness (Lay, 2017). If a change or revision of the policy is displayed, the NSC creates a new recommendation for approval by the President.
Some presidents have utilized the NSC more effectively compared to others, but its existence has improved American diplomacy quality. In the case of President Trump’s administration, the role of NSC in national security has progressively weakened. The recent event facilitated by NSC and recommended by John Bolton, the National Security Advisor, was the US Strategy for Iran (Coates, 2019). The main goal of this strategy is to change Islamic countries’ hostilities and prohibiting the creation of nuclear weapons. This strategy comprises a foreign policy created to protect US and other countries from Iran’s terrorist attacks.
According to Coates (2019), the “maximum pressure” from the US intends to cripple Iran’s economy, forcing President Rouhani to make a tough deal with the US. After the US withdrew from nuclear deal with Iran, most countries of the world withdrew from doing business with Iran. This has left Iran alone and with no foreign investments, intended to boost its stunted economy. US intends to thrive when neighboring countries to Iran and other countries of European Union impose sanctions on Iran. In the strategy, US intends to disrupt Iran’s procurement of nuclear equipment and hold accountable states that allow Iran acquire such equipment (Coates, 2019). This pressure will fasten Iran’s return to negotiations, which is favorable for most countries in the world, especially US.
In summary, the NSC has proven to be essential for the national security of the US. The NSC office offers advice to the president on matters that relate to foreign, military, and domestic policies that affect national security and perform a follow up on approved policies for any recommendations or change. One main event facilitated by the NSC was the US Strategy for Iran, which aimed at ending terrorism and nuclear weapon use through proper negotiations between US and Iran.
Coates, V. (2019). A Look at the U.S. Strategy for Iran. Retrieved from WhiteHouse: https://www.whitehouse.gov/articles/look-u-s-strategy-iran/
Lay, J. (2017). National Security Council’s Role in the U.S. Security and Peace Program. Retrieved from JSTOR: https://www.jstor.org/stable/20668606?read-now=1&seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents