Sample Law Essays on Legalization of Marijuana

Marijuana has a compound called cannabinoids (CBD)that relieves pain from chronic conditions such as arthritis, migraine, endometriosis, and fibromyalgia. Patients with diseases like Tourette syndrome, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and other conditions like insomnia and anxiety, use Marijuana to treat and manage the diseases and conditions. Besides, Marijuana is also a good alternative for recreation. However, excessive use of Marijuana has stimulating and depressant effects, and sometimes users experience hallucinations (Cherney). Marijuana cuts across political, social, and economic divides, and that is why it has elicited heated discussions about its legalization. Basing the argument on the pros and cons of Marijuana, it is clear that benefits supersede the disadvantages, and for that reason, Marijuana should be legalized.

Arguments supporting the legalization of Marijuana

From a medical perspective, there are many benefits mentioned above, and it has led to the creation of medical Marijuana. Other researchers have downplayed the use of Marijuana in the medical field, promoting the dangerous effects on people’s health. Still, they have failed to provide enough evidence to support their claims. In the U.S., by 2019, over 30 states had legalized the use of Marijuana for recreational and medical purposes. The federal government still holds that Marijuana is illegal under the 1970 Act of Controlled Substances (Frye and Smitherman).

Marijuana has significant economic benefits because of its ready market. If all the states make it legal, it will create revenue for the states and the federal government and create more jobs, industries, and many other investment opportunities. In 2019, the world’s revenue increased by 45.7%, almost hitting the $15 billion mark in sales according to research by Adams and Arrington of B.D. Analytics. In the U.S, Colorado state, led in marijuana revenue, accumulating over $300 million in fees and taxes. One can imagine what kind of income the federal government can earn if it legalizes Marijuana, given that the U.S. is the largest market for Marijuana in the world, with projected revenue of over $30 billion by 2024.

Marijuana on social aspects

An article by Susan Gunelius quoted Vittert, an Assistant Professor in Statistics addressing the social impact of Marijuana in St. Louis in the U.S. in 2018.

“There is no doubt that states which allow medical Marijuana show no increase in their violent and non-violent crime statistics. Crime might decrease.”

The author further observes the reduction of crime rates in the states that legalized Marijuana. For example, Washington D.C. legalized Marijuana in 2014, and the number of arrests on possession of Marijuana came down to 99% in 3 years from 2013. Filings in courts decreased by 76% from 2012 to 2015 since Colorado legalized Marijuana in 2012. Youths have also reported a decrease in marijuana abuse since its legalization in some states. More teens stayed in school to graduation, and the rate of drop-outs significantly decreased in states that legalized Marijuana.

Arguments against the legalization of Marijuana

Marijuana has severe cognitive effects on its users. Critics of Marijuana assert that it makes people lose their intelligence, memory loss, body-coordination issues that have caused many accidents, especially when a driver is intoxicated. Marijuana has various consumption, such as inhaling, eating through other foodstuffs, drinking, and smoking. Through smoking, medical practitioners argue that the smoke is as dangerous as nicotine from cigarettes, affecting the lungs, causing diseases. Pharmacodynamics is another condition caused by Marijuana after a long time of use since it stays in the human system for long. Expectant mothers are also at risk of giving birth to mentally-disturbed children if they are using Marijuana. Other serious factors that users of marijuana experience include Schizophrenia and many other psychotic disorders. Legalizing Marijuana will encourage many other new users and generally increase the number of users. Addiction and substance abuse are inevitable if people can access Marijuana without state or federal control (Gardenier et al.)

Comparison of the two arguments

Legalizing Marijuana is beneficial in many ways. Supporting arguments have highlighted the medical, economic, and social advantages that Marijuana brings to society. Medical Marijuana is taking effect across many states, and people are reaping its benefits. Critics have a point in addiction problems, but that can be regulated. Moderating the use, and advising the youth and other users about the right dosages can control excessive use of Marijuana. Another opposing point cited that if Marijuana is legalized, it will expand the user-base, and increase the intoxication levels. The argument is not valid from the perspective that freedom when there is limited access to something; people tend to abuse more than when there is freedom backed by legal policy. Drivers have caused accidents under the influence of Marijuana. Still, those are just a few cases rampant in the users of alcohol, opioids, and other hard substances like heroin and cocaine. Legalizing Marijuana will not increase the number of drivers causing accidents after consuming the weed.



The debate on the legalization of Marijuana should now end because of its massive benefits. People should have the freedom to consume natural herb without any restrictions. In the medical field, it has proven that it can help in treating and managing many ailments. Legalizing Marijuana will create employment, as it brings revenue and improves the country’s economic situation and the whole country. When used moderately, it can prevent addiction problems, accidents, crimes, and other issues associated with its consumption. There are no reported cases of people who succumbed to marijuana overdose, making it the safest substance, either medically or for recreational purposes.


Word cited

Cherney, Kristeen. “What Are the Benefits of Marijuana?” Healthline, Healthline Media, 6 Jan.


Frye, Patricia C., and Dave Smitherman. The Medical Marijuana Guide: Cannabis and Your 

Health. Rowman & Littlefield, 2018.

Adams, Tom, and Michael Arrington. “2019 Was a Big Year for Legal Cannabis.” BDSA, 31

Jan. 2020,

Gunelius, Susan. “The Social Impact of Marijuana Legalization in the United States.” Cannabiz 

Media, 5 July, 2019, cannabiz. media/the-social-impact-of-marijuana-legalization-in-the-united-states/.

Gardenier, Donald, et al. “Should Marijuana Be Legalized?” The Journal for Nurse 

Practitioners, vol. 13, no. 2, Feb. 2017, pp. 116–17, DOI:10.1016/j.nurpra.2016.12.008.