Sample IT Paper on The role of the Kenyan Government in fighting cybercrime

Introduction

Cybercrime has become one of the major threats facing a wide spectrum of people worldwide in the recent past. Cybercrime could be defined as the use of a computer or computer network to engage in transgressive acts. Primarily, the main motive for this crime is to generate profit and is carried out by individuals or organizations. However, some cybercriminals carry out this crime to disable computers, spread illegal information, and infect the network devices with viruses. There are various forms of cybercrime: identity theft, human trafficking, stealing intellectual property, malware and ransom attacks, and crypto-jacking. Due to the advance of technology and the increase of social media platforms, the rate of cybercrime has perpetuated.

As a result of criminal cyberattacks, several businesses, organizations, and individuals suffer consequential financial losses. A large number of people become victims of the crime, either knowingly or unknowingly. Cyberattacks can have long-running adverse effects on the victims. These entail financial losses due to identity theft, damage of reputation and image brought about by leakage of personal information, and corrupt files due to infection of virusesAlso, the deformation of trade and loss of jobs could occur within organizations affected. Dion, (2011) assert that cybercrime leads to detrimental effects that ruin human relationships and society.

In Kenya, an increase in the number of cyberattacks has been recorded, making cybersecurity a very significant concern. According to a report conducted by the National Kenya Computer Incident Response Team Coordination Centre (National KE-CIRT/CC), more than 26 million cybercrime threats occurred in 2019. For instance, cyber threats have led to companies such as Jumia Kenya and Barclays Bank losing millions of shillings due to cyber fraud and robbery.  In a bid to enhance cybersecurity, the Kenya Information and Communications Act (1998) obligates the Communications Authority of Kenya (CAK) to place a framework of national cybersecurity (Dion, 2011). For safer cyberspace to exist, the Kenyan government inaugurated the National KE-CIRT/CC with the responsibility of curbing, detecting and responding to the numerous cyber threats reported.

Additionally, the agency oversees cybersecurity awareness and campaigns and facilitates the coherent management of cyberspace resources. Furthermore, the government has enacted various laws that include the Computer Misuse and Cyber Crimes Act No.5 of 2018, Data Protection Act No. 24 of 2019, Article 31 of the Constitution of Kenya 2010 together, and The Kenya Information and Communication Act of 1998. These laws list a couple of cybercrimes that attract heavy penalties and fines as punishment for lawbreakers.

Moreover, critical measures and policies that individuals and organizations ought to comply with, have been assimilated to ensure the protection of private information. Lastly, the government participates and oversees campaigns that increase awareness and inform people on preventive measures. These include installing firewalls, enabling automatic updates of antivirus software, and using strong passwords alongside a robust home network. In the event of a cyber threat, one is advised to report it to the relevant authorities.

Conclusion

Generally, digital transformation has resulted in cybersecurity being a fundamental concern among individuals and companies in Kenya and worldwide. Cybersecurity endeavors to maintain vital features of companies and assets of people against any threats within the internet. Therefore, the government remains pledged to safeguard the citizens against any form of cyberattacks.

 

 

References

Dion, M. (2011). Corruption, fraud, and cybercrime as dehumanizing phenomena. International Journal of Social Economics.

Von Solms, R., & Van Niekerk, J. (2013). From information security to cybersecurity. computers & security. 38, 97-102.

 

Comments

  1. Nice grammar
  2. Always should have a title page, formatted  as per the samples  I sent
  • In citations are very important, ensure that they are mostly   not more than 5 years ago, i.e. (2015-2020), you can get some from (https://scholar.google.com/)
  1. Avoid citing the conclusion

Headers are important too ( vary in terms of formats