Trade and economic interdependence are a driver for inter-state peace’.
Discuss with reference to an example of how regional economic governance (ASEAN, EU, etc) or bilateral relations (US-China, UK-Germany, etc) have promoted peace and contained geopolitical competition.
This question invites you to critically assess to what extent trade and economic integration lead to peace in international politics. This may involve, among other things, comparing present to past relationships between countries or within a region; considering whether economic interaction is the prevailing factor for peace or just one among several drivers; defining the meaning of peace in late 20th or early 21st century to establish whether geopolitical competition has disappeared or assumed different forms; wrestling with existing literature that backs or challenges the Democratic Peace Theory.
You are encouraged to use the literature and ideas explored during Unit 2.
As a starting point, some readings are suggested below.
European integration and peace
Vicki L. Birchfield et al., “European integration as a peace project,” The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 19, no. 1 (2017): 3–12. (opens in a new tab)
Robert Jervis, “Theories of War in an Era of Leading-Power Peace,” American Political Science Review 96, no. 1 (2002): 1–14.(opens in a new tab)
Stephen Van Evera, “Primed for Peace: Europe After the Cold War,” International Security 15, no. 3 (1990/91): 7–57. (opens in a new tab)
Herman Van Rompuy and José M. D. Barroso, ‘From war to peace: a European tale’, Nobel Peace Prize Lecture on behalf of the European Union, Oslo, 10 December 2012, https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2012/eu/lecture/
John J. Mearsheimer, “Why is Europe Peaceful Today?,” European Political Science 9, no. 3 (2010): 387–397. (opens in a new tab)
WWI, interdependence and UK-German relationship
Paul A. Papayoanou, “Interdependence, institutions, and the balance of power: Britain, Germany, and World War I,” International Security 20, no. 4 (1996): 42–7. (opens in a new tab)
Ross J.S. Hoffman, Great Britain and the German Trade Rivalry, 1875-1914. New York: Russell & Russell, 1964.
Panikos Panayi, “German Business Interests in Britain During the First World War,” Business History 32, no. 2 (1990): 244–258. (opens in a new tab)
R.T.B. Langhorne, ‘Great Britain and Germany, 1911-1914,’ in Hinsley, ed., British Foreign Policy Under Sir Edward Grey. London: Cambridge University Press, 1977.
Fritz Fischer, War of Illusions: German Policies from 1911-1914. New York: Norton, 1975.
exactly 2000 with footnotes.