Sample International Relations Paper on Population Growth

Global population is growing or increasing at an alarming rate. Reports show a dramatic increase in the global population between 1965 and 1970 with this attributed to factors such as improved health care and reductions in death rates (Raleigh 500). The growth rates in the developing world are relatively higher than those in the developed world. A major reason for this is higher fertility rates in the developing world as compared to the developed world.

Population growth has a number of impacts both in the developed and developing worlds. One of the impacts of population growth on both worlds is increased urbanization. As population grows, people are much in need of resources and facilities that usually easily accessible in urban areas as compared to rural settings. This prospect influences the migration of people from rural to urban settings, what is referred to as urbanization.

Other significant impacts of population growth both in the developing and developing worlds are excessive consumption and depletion of resources (Chalkley). In the U.S., for instance, every child born today consumes more as compared to around 30 children born in several developing countries. In this regard, the developed world is at a disadvantage as compared to the developing world given the rising levels of affluence that has resulted in increased consumer demands and a dramatic increase in consumption. This alongside the increasing population in the developing world is causing significant challenges. In addition to excessive consumption and depletion of resources, the increasing population growth has led to increased population both in the developing and developed worlds. Increased population means that people compete for the limited available resources and congestion becomes rampant. With congestion or high traffic, people rapidly pollute the air, water, and soil.

 

 

Works Cited

Chalkley, K. “Population Growth and Consumption.” Population Today 25.4 (1997): 4, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12319715

Raleigh, Veena Soni. “Trends in World Population: How Will the Millennium Compare with The Past?” Human Reproduction Update 5.5 (1999): 500-505., https://academic.oup.com/humupd/article-pdf/5/5/500/1714959/050500.pdf