Sample International Relations Paper on Gender Violence

Indeed, gender violence is a significant issue around the world. It has been encouraged by various factors, such as cultural beliefs and discriminative laws. Although efforts have been made to resolve the issue, it still persists. The three pieces of literature focus on gender violence, albeit in different parts of the world.

According to Andrew, there is gender inequality in most of the under-developed countries. He presents a case of gender inequality in Kuwait. I agree with his assertions concerning gender discrimination in Kuwait. In my opinion, the problem of gender inequality in Kuwait is prominent, and discrimination has been institutionalized. Andrew mentions how laws to prevent marital abuse or rape are lacking. He notes that the law even abates the abuse of women. For example, he mentions honor killing, whereby a man is given light punishment for having executed a woman accused of adultery. I believe that such a law promotes violence against women thus should not be allowed. In developed countries, like the United States, murderers are given life sentences to deter such actions, and that should be the case around the world. I also agree with his views about discrimination witnessed in the political scene; women are under-represented in parliament. In the jobs sector, only a few women occupy senior management positions.

Mathew, in his discussion, highlights the challenges of gender equality in Congo. His arguments are based on policy and regulatory frameworks. He notes that despite the efforts of the United Nations to eradicate violence against women, the prevalence of the vice is still high. I believe that Congo’s government has not done enough to mitigate violence against women and girls. Therefore, I concur with Mathew’s arguments that policies and government efforts have done little to resolve the persistent issue of violence targeting women in Congo. Without laws to protect women, then there is nothing to stop violence against them. In my view, the government, through enforced orders of repression, has made women a primary target for criminals. For example, women have been assaulted on the streets on accusations of indecency, and not much has been done to resolve the issue. There are still positive initiatives that the government can implement to protect women from violence.

Shauna is wary of gender inequality, discrimination, and violation of women’s rights in Haiti. According to Shauna, numerous bodies and agencies have revamped efforts to stem the direct violation of women’s rights by calling for the government to initiate measures to curb violence against women and other forms of discrimination. I agree with Shauna that gender violence is a result of political instability and consistent happening of inevitable disasters. It is imperative to note that the political instability experienced in 2017 made it difficult for the government to provide fundamental necessities. Besides, she notes that the government has not been able to resolve long-standing human rights violations. Nevertheless, I wish to add that gender-based violence is widespread in Haiti. Currently, Haiti does not have clear and substantive laws to defend women against gender violence and sexual harassment.

The three authors recognize that gender inequality is widespread despite some efforts to eradicate it. Several factors are responsible for the thriving of the problem. These include ineffective laws and incapable governments. There is a need for more effective laws to be enacted and governments to be empowered to resolve the matter.