Sample HR Paper on Innovative Mobility Consultants: Health Safety

Hazard communication

 

Accidents at the work place are common as they are rampant. During accidents and emergencies certain protocols have to be adhered to so as to protect those moving to safety and save those injured. Evacuation protocols are applied in buildings to ensure all occupants are moved to safety before necessary problem solving procedures are initiated. During these emergency and evacuation procedures communication is paramount. It, communication, ensures that accident and emergency victims are guided in the proper direction to prevent further injury as they move to safety. It is in this light that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) put down decisive Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) specifically routed towards employee safety. Through this facilitation, workers are educated and sensitized on anticipatory, recognition and evaluator mediation protocols of chemical hazards. All chemicals and stabilizers used at our work place are visibly labeled and have safety data sheets (SDS), with adequately trained staff.

Levels of communication of contamination differ. To large groups of people, communication should be pragmatic and assuring lest a stampede be sparked. Due to fear and uncertainty, people exposed to a contamination agent at the work place could panic and become unmanageable. Some situations may call for total quarantine of affected persons, especially exposure to radiation and, or exposure to unknown/known biological or chemical agents.  Communication is also dependent on the location of the contamination, number of individuals exposed to the contaminant and mediation for the contamination. Internal memos could be used to target various departments within an institution. From these units, information about contamination would be communicated to the employees.

In cases of hazard contamination at the work place, experts are called in to assess the nature of the contamination, identity of the contaminant and severity of contaminants when in contact with the employees. Some levels of exposure require more elaborate mediation measures compared to others i.e. exposure to radiation and heavy metal poisoning. In cases of exposure, the exposed person should be moved away from the contaminant as the aforementioned protocols are carried out. Fast aid should be administered after the agent of exposure is ascertained.

Protection of Employees from Blood-Borne Pathogens

Blood samples (CFR1910.1030) demand employers to protect workers against contact with occupational infectious agents. The perceived severity of blood and other human body fluids necessitated their classification under universal precautions where certain sanitary and safety procedures have to be exercised. These safety procedures are not only applied to blood samples, but also to saliva during dental procedures. Blood stained equipment should never be reused unless adequately sterilized. Equipment could be sterilized in heat and or chemically sterilized in concentrated acid/alkaline solutions. Provision of additional safety promotion equipment to prevent spillages in open areas i.e. isolation gowns, protective eye glasses, face masks, gloves and level 1 safety protocols. Using small manageable samples to prevent spillages etc.

Personal protective equipment (PPE): Before Personal protection equipment is purchased at a workstation, risk assessment is carried out to establish the risk factors employees would be exposed to. Such assessment is carried out to determine the effective mechanisms of controlling hazards and the types of safety mediation materials required.

Employee details should be ascertained on a regular basis for surveillance and risk exposure assessment. Personal protection equipment is of value only if it is used in the correct manner after receiving the right form(s) of training. The use of the safety material confers the subject with protection during procedures when worn appropriately. However, the addition of protection equipment would ensure better protection from exposure i.e. face masks to prevent spillage in the eyes, gas masks to prevent inhalation exposure of samples. Individualized assessment is invaluable especially because each individual has different underlying pathology. Personnel with asthma would require Powered Air-Purifying Respirator (PAPR) and not the conventional N95 respirators used at many facilities.

OSHA predetermines the standards to be maintained when handling various samples. The Blood-borne Pathogen Standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) dictates what employers should provide their employees with. Employees must be provided with the requisite Personal Protective Equipment including: gowns, eye protection, gloves, laboratory coats and gowns. The complexity of the safety equipment is determined by the potential period of exposure, extent of exposure and biohazard level of the samples. Also included is the (29 CFR 1910.134) Respiratory Protection Standard established to mediate prospective airborne contamination exposure including infectious agents and choking aerosols. The 29 CFR 1910.95 (Occupational Noise Exposure Standard) was established to protect employees against exposure intensive deafening sounds. Its implementation revolved majorly around employee protection against noise stress factors. Employees in this case are provided with soundproof ear buds. Such scenarios are rampant in airports and loud clanging areas.

 Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs): CTDs are occupational conditions associated with numbness of he arm caused by squeezing of the median nerve by overlying tissue as it enters the wrist joint. Early surgical procedures could save the patient from the pain and or lessening the amount of strain exerted on the arm. At the work place, occurrence of CTD could be reduced by the departmental rotation approach. The members of staff get to work each department for a certain period of time after-which they are moved to a different section to allow for the body to recover. Frequent medical camps and employee training organized by the company could also avert the occurrence of CTDs.

 6 Prong Approach to dangerous Work Assignments

 

  • Carry out some background research on the nature of the assignment
  • Establish the extent of threat the assignment may cause
  • Lay out strategy of the research
  • Map out the necessary equipment requires for undertaking the assignment
  • Protocols to be undertaken in case procedure backfires
  • Remember the importance of life
  • Carry out your assignment