Sample History Paper on the History of Hong Kong Sports Institute

Hong Kong Sports Institute (HKSI) is a sports training government organization whose aim is to provide an enabling environment for identification of sports talent and where these talents can be developed to ensure that Hong Kong athletes can compete at international sporting level. To achieve its aim, HKSI not only provides training facilities, but also acts as a support system for Hong Kong’s sportsmen and women by providing comprehensive elite coach-designed training, funding, medical services related to sports, education, social and psychological support in order to enhance the development of the athletes.

Formative Developments

The developments in HKSI began long before the institute was formally established in October of 2004. In 1982, after the opening of the Jubilee Sports Center was by the Duke of Kent, the premises on which the institute occupies today in Sha Tin, New Territories were built (Zheng, 2015).

The institute initiated its first partnership with the Jockey club which provided the institute funding of up to HK$500 million which enabled the completion of the institutes premises. Later in 1990, the Hong Kong Sport Development Board was established saw among other developments, a merger between Jubilee Sports Center with the Hong Kong Sports Institute and the consequent adoption of Hong Kong Sports Institute as the official name in 1991 (Chang, 2006).

Redevelopment of the HKSI

In 2006, Dr. Eric Li, the Chief Executive of the institute announced redevelopment of the institute in order to upgrade the facility to higher standards that could train elite athletes. Following this announcement, the institution temporarily relocated to whitehead, Wu Kai in order to allow for preparations for the 2008 summer Olympics as some of the events (equestrian) were held at the institute’s grounds (Leahy, 2018). A number of buildings in the institutes premises were earmarked for renovations in order to provide the best facilities for elite athletes. These include; the main building, sports complex, rowing center and the swimming complex.

HKSI Institutional Innovations

From the onset, the institution supported a myriad of sports such as badminton, fencing, football, gymnastics, rowing, squash, swimming, table tennis, tennis and track and field sports, until 1991 when, the Hong Kong Sport Development Board introduced the ‘target Sports’ policy where badminton, squash and swimming becoming the first three selected sports and later in 1992, Windsurfing, rowing, table tennis and soccer were also selected. Following the achievements of Hong Kong athletes in 1996 Olympics, the government assessed the performance and future capabilities of the HKSI and established funding conditions for the programmes (Home Affairs Bureau, 2004).

In 1995, a new policy created a 4 level system where different sports were categorized into one of the level. However, this changed following the government assessment of HKSI strategies in 1996, leading to the establishment of identification criteria for sports that needed support within a two-year period. At this point, 12 sports were selected as the focus. In 1999, a task force set up to review government funding for sports also formulated the elite sports policy. The task force comprising of members from the Bureau of Home Affairs and HKSI created another selection criterion for sports requiring support based on a point scoring system where a sport has to reach a 9-point level in order to be considered for the elite funding (Home Affairs Bureau, 2004).

A new fund, Elite Athletes Development Fund, was put in place by the government in 2012, this time focusing not only on elite sports but also on individual athletes who excel in their fields. Through this fund, the HKSI has developed a 3-tier category for sports based on the performance of athletes in the specific sports. According to (Hong Kong Sports Institute, 2019), The three are A*, A and B. this fund also allows for direct grants, training support as well as dual career development support for eligible athletes.

Finally, Hong Kong Sports Institute has experienced tremendous developments since its establishment in 1982. These developments in all spheres; physical structures, sporting activities, funding and policies have enabled the institution to carry out its mandate and produce world class athletes that are wholly developed and capable of competing at international level. As can be seen in the institutes vision and mission statements, these developments are necessary in order to create that enabling environment for nurturing elite athletes.



Chang, S. F. (2006). The Quest for Gold: Fifty Years of Amateur Sports in Hong Kong, 1947-1997. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Home Affairs Bureau. (2004). Selection and Evaluation of Elite Sports Sub-Committee. Hong Kong: Home Affairs Bureau. Retrieved from

Hong Kong Sports Institute. (2019). Annual Report 2018 – 2019. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Sports Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Hong Kong Jockey Club:

Leahy, T. (2018, March 30). Retrieved from Hong Kong Sports Institute:

Zheng, J. (2015, April 14 ). Hong Kong. International Journal of Sports Policy and Politics, 321-338. doi:10.1080/19406940.2015.1031813