Sample History Paper on Significance Benefits that the Enlightenment Era Caused on Modern Science

The Enlightenment Era, also referred as the Age of Reason was an intelligent and cultural campaign in the seventeenth and eighteenth century that insisted reason over superstition and science over religious beliefs. It was in Europe that this amazing era took place and the results of free thinking led to the publication of many articles that questioned established knowledge. This intellectual period produced many books, inventions, scientific discoveries, laws, essays, wars and revolutions. The paper that follows will show how the era of enlightenment brought about significant benefits to modern science.

During the age of reasoning many scientific ideas and methods were introduced by men who had set out to challenge the known knowledge, the discovery of new instruments had an overwhelming effect on the conception of human beings and their place in the universe, it guided them to a fresh level of science and streamlined the lives of many. The ability of man to use technology in his life forever altered his direction and ushered in an age of more scientific ideas being aggressively pursued. Some of the inventions were the microscope and the telescope which played and is still playing an important role in discovering new knowledge, furthermore the thirst for understanding of medical conditions led to the identification and classification of many diseases. Having the ability to research diseases according to symptoms laid a firm foundation for contemporary classification and treating of infections and mental disorders, consequently this helped classify mental disorder as a disease rather than madness. Also the analysis and introduction of vaccines and immunization as ways of early prevention of killer epidemics contributed to millions of lives being saved, and microbes eliminated scientifically in their tracks before having a way to spread. On the other hand the telescope made it possible to observe the solar system in detail and be able to point exactly earths position in the solar system, this knowledge has been used by modern scientists and astronomers to send probes into outer space to far distant planets for study.

Logical thinking power, according to (Mathew 2018) in this era brought together mathematics of axiomatic and mechanics of physical examination and settled on a coherent method of verifiable predictions, systematic use of algebra to geometry synthesized a workable calculus able to be applied to scientific problems.  Most inductive ideas began during this time have been the roots of modern science and via the improvements of inventions, man has made a huge leap in technological advancements, he is able to travel faster, communication has been streamlined from cable to wireless communication, moreover massive advancement in energy production and sophisticated machines used in treatment and in the production industry. Since the inception of research methodologies, steps have been made in plant and animal research paving way for genetically modified organisms that are able to survive harsh environmental conditions thus bringing about the capability of providing for the ever growing human population using improved science practices.

Enlightenment period was strongly identified by the continued call to empiricism and intellectual reasoning, it had a historical impact on science, cultural, academic and social institutions of eighteenth century Europe. Inventions and secular science, propelled by the urge of discovery and enquiry, became the hallmark of modern population, which in many ways pushed the pace of industrialization and economic growth. Due to knowledge being spread challenging the known laws, being enlightened caused revolutions as people wanting to challenge the status quo, they wanted equal rights and freedom and this laid the foundation of a modern civilized innovative and technological advancing society.

 

Reference

Mathew, A. (2018). The British Library. The Enlightenment. Retrieved from. www.bl.uk/restoration-18th-century-literature/articles/the-enlightenment

Peters, M. (2018). The Enlightenment and its Critics. 10. 886-894. Retrieved from. www.doi.org/10.1080/00131857.2018.1537832

Milan, Z. (2015). The Enlightenment and its Effects on Modern Society. Retrieved from. www.researchgate.net/publications/287278439_the_enlightenment_and_its_effects_on_modern_society

Owen, J. (2019). Live Science. What was the Enlightenment? Retrieved from. www.livescience.com/amp/55327-the-enlightenment.html