Sample History Paper on Convenient Democracy

In his introduction, Joseph Mccartin captures the political and ideological tensions that marred president Reagan’s regime. During the period, the then president Reagan took drastic actions against striking unions, especially the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization(PATCO) strikers. Moreover, the paradigm shift in the presidency was highly appreciated. The post lauds the former president’s stern actions against the PATCO as heroic. His stance concerning the recurrent strikes dealt a blow to the fundamental freedom of association and expression of unionized workers  and ensured sanity was restored in institutional governance.

The writer notes that during Reagan’s term, labor unions were the voice of the workers. Often they were militant in their approach to negotiations. Some went as far as demanding preposterous additions in perks and allowances, each time humiliating the government and almost crippling it. PATCO’s demand for additional staff and reduction of working hours during the recession would not have been economically sustainable, especially in the Regan regime. Furthermore, the unions’ actions were thought to be in bad faith.

The writer indicates that isolated success incidents in a leader’s term should not be deemed as the character of that leadership. Writer and critic Armor terms Reagan’s actions as, “repudiation of recent history and killing the Liberal era,” (Mccartin, 2008).The critic further indicates that the PATCO predicament was a “labor dispute and not a holy War,”(Mccartin, 2008) as Regan perceived it. Regimes muzzle the workers’ voices using legislation and other state machinery. Labor unions were free in the 1960s up until 1980 when government curtailed their freedom of expression. Through legislation and compromised court systems rulings, the unions’ quagmire was worsened. History may have been recorded in the courtrooms and media but the true heroes of the day were the PATCO unionists in whose hearts the proceedings leading to the strike and the aftermath of the Presidential decree was written. However, the writer’s double edge approach in reporting raises doubt concerning Reagan’s promise of upholding fundamental constitutional freedoms of expression.

From Mccartin’s submissions, the US citizens and the international community feared Reagan’s administration and their support for his machinations was coerced. The exponential increase in workers unions and strikes in the period preceding the PATCO moot and the steady and almost ‘hasty’ decline in these numbers after Reagan’s actions is subject for thought. Reagan’s administration’s reaction against the PATCO could have been preplanned by the Conservatives way before he ascended into power. Sylvester Petro’s sentiments in 1975, “for the government to exude sovereignty, it cannot share ‘this’ responsibility with union persons not answerable to the electorate,“ (Mccartin, 2008) are indicative of an agitated lot ready to gag the unions. Reagan’s administration might have also feared the power of the peoples’ voice. Such unions played a major role in the liberation struggle in Africa and the South Americas. I am opined that Reagan may have thought the unions would have ousted or undermined his leadership.

Reaction 1

Class is an abstract formulation by the narrow-minded keen on self-glorification gimmicks and poised towards social stratification for their relevance to manifest. It is the social dogma associated with willowy individuals unable to create an identity in society and end up inciting mob psychology. Persons born in later generations were left with no choice but conform and maintain the status quo, whose values they did not ascribe to. Thompson questions how individuals find themselves aligned into social groupings (Thompson, 1963).  He makes submissions based on ideal situations. A prince will succeed and the poor will languish when there are more parameters that support this status than the economic and social aspects.  Slight instability in such a system, a revolution of sorts could relegate the king into something far worse, a slave.

Reaction 2

Writer two’s submissions clarify that ‘class’ is a concept conceptualized and actuated by people in society based on that which is tangible. In the above submission, the writer is linear in his approach and does not appreciate the value of politics in defining class despite humanizing the concept if class. Political organization is second to human beings and societies depend on politics for socio-cultural and economic thrive. The writer further devalues class by limiting it to the confines of  being an equivalent of a rite of passage and is written in every person’s history. This way the importance of class is underscored. Being in employment alone does not guarantee political, economic or social influence hence class.

 

 

References

Mccartin, J. (2008). A Wagner Act for Public Employees: Labor’s Deferred Dream and the           Rise of Conservatism. The Journal of American History , 19 (1).

Thompson, E. P. (1963). The Making of the English Working Class. New York: Pantheon              Books.