Sample History Paper on Annotated Bibliography: American Blood on American Soil

Rauf, Don. The Mexican-American War. Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC, 2018.

This book talks causal analogy of the Mexican-America War from 1846 and 1848. The author explains that the war was inspired by the need for vast expansion and the show of strength. The American army triumphed in the war, thereby marking America’s first amphibious landing, landing from the sea. The author asserts that after the cause of the war was winning territory, then America had achieved its objective. The US managed to expand its territorial holdings by at least one-third after the war. Mexico, on the other hand, shrank to less than half its former size. Besides, the book also talks about other wars that shaped American history.

Coles, Harry L. The War of 1812. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1966. Print.

The book ‘provides the details of the war of 1812 and how it helped shape the territorial dispute that led to the Mexican-American war. It highlights the two American presidents’ fatal mistakes that put the country in some severe economic consequences.  President Jefferson and Madison dismantled the military system that forced the government to rely on diplomatic negotiations and economic coercion. However, these strategies did not work when war broke out in 1812. From the historical footprints provided in this story, one can understand Texas’s annexation was part of the American system, which was a fight for economic recovery from the mistakes made by previous leaders.


Nester, William. The Age of Lincoln and the Art of American Power, 1848-1876. Lincoln:          Potomac Books, 2014. Print.

This book talks about the internal challenge that President Polk faced when he asked Congress to consent with Mexico in 1946. On December 22, 1947, Abraham Lincoln delivered a maiden speech taking a minority stand against the Mexican-America that the president was being asked for. Lincoln proposed a resolution that required the president to prove his claim that American blood had been shed on American soil, which President Polk used as a justification for asking Congress to declare war against Mexico in 1846. The White House Lincoln’s proposal. However, the proposal poked holes in support for the war causing ideological and leadership differences.


Romero, Francine Sanders. “Political and Policy Dynamics of Municipal Annexation in         Texas.” Public Administration Quarterly 44.2 (2020): 288-328.

This article is a case study that aims to advance the understanding of the annexation of Texas. The author holds that annexation dynamics remain understudied with no specific or definitive conclusions to the various aspects that led Texas’s city to fail or succeed in expanding its borders.

Mountjoy, Shane. Manifest Destiny: Westward Expansion. New York: Infobase             Publishing, 2009. Print.

This book highlights various aspects of the War, including the opposition and its consequences. Everyone did not agree with the war against Mexico despite its popularity. Everyone did not agree with President Polk’s war idea and the thought of expanding the United States’ boundaries through military conquest. There were mixed opinions about the war. Some thought that the war was nothing but a way for extending slavery practices of the slaveholding south. President Polk’s claim that the Mexicans had shed American blood on American soil was highly questioned, especially among people who held diverging opinions over the war. The opposers held that Polk had violated the Constitution by starting the war, which they described as unconstitutional and unnecessary. Most of the open opposition arose from the Whigs Party and the Democrats. Some Republicans also opposed the war, though in secrecy, unlike the Whigs and the democrats.

Fisher, Louis. “The Mexican War and Lincoln’s “Spot Resolutions.” The Law Library of         Congress, http://loufisher. org/docs/wi/433. pdf. 2009.

This article provides a historical detail of the events revolving around the annexation of Texas. It contributes to the body of literature that investigates the causes and impact of the 1846-1848 American-Mexican war. The article concurs that the war was started and propagated by President Polk, though his reason was not apparent to the Whigs. As a result, the president faced fierce criticism from Whigs and Lincoln. The opposers of the war differed sharply with the president over the legal uncertainties connected with the disputed territory’s sovereignty. He oppositions put the president in a defensive position in legislative debates in which the opposers sought to examine the facts of the.

Welk, Jon A. “Texas, War, and Empire: The American Empire in the Conquest and Annexation     of the   Floridas and the American Southwest.” The Purdue Historian 8.1 (2017): 8.

The article provides a general view of expanding the American empire, its conquests, and annexations. The author argues that American imperialism historians rely heavily on historical periods starting from the 1890s. The author points out that the first half of the nineteenth century is the most crucial period that marks American imperialism. The article provides the historical events that lead to the annexation of Florida, Texas, and other American Southwest regions. This article is essential because it allows for a wide historical perspective, highlighting the context of the Mexican-American war of 1846-1848. The said war was uncalled for except that it was a classical case of relative strength and superiority by the United States to induce Mexican obedience to American land claims instead of monetary debts.

Resendiz, Ramon, Rosalva Resendiz, and Irene J. Klaver. “Colonialism and Imperialism:   Indigenous Resistance on the US/Mexico Border.” Perspectives on Global Development   and Technology 16.1-3 (2017): 15-33.

This article talks about the consequences of the annexation of Texas and the real causes of the war. After the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), the Rio Grande River became a frontier, separating families and groups residing near its banks. In 2005 we Congress started to pass laws to create a permanent barrier around Mexico’s border. One of the consequences of the war is that it leads to severe political differences between the two countries. Also, the Mexican population that lived in the region were displaced and forced to leave their property behind.

McCoy, Charles A. Polk, and the Presidency. University of Texas Press, 2012.

The journey to annex Texas did not begin with the election of President Polk. Polk only exploited every potential avenue to bring the annexation to fruition. The author asserts the plans to annex Texas began with Polk’s predecessor, President Tyler. However, right from its inception, the move to annex Texas was not sufficiently supported by the Senate. The author points out a treaty to annex Texas had been defeat in the Senate by a vote of 35 to 16 before Polk becomes the president. President Polk was only executing the ultimate objectives of the previous administration.

Guardino, Peter. The dead march: A history of the Mexican-American war. Harvard University       Press, 2017.

The Mexican-American war was a battle of resources. The author points out that Texas had well-watered lands that provided California with agricultural potential. The author also explains that Americans valued access to Asia through Pacific routes since it gave them control over foreign trade in the region. The American blood on American soil was just a ploy or an excuse to justify the wars that led to Texas’s annexation. The land’s fight was to ensure that the disputed land and all its resources or wealth were placed in the US’s sovereignty.