Sample History Paper on African- American literature

African- American literature refers to the body of research produced in the United States of America by people of Africa can decedents though Americans. In the 19th century, it was a time of radical transformation of the African Americans in the legal and political status. The Africans enjoyed more rights after been freed from the slave trade.

The first path to success as proposed was that Africans should educate themselves, learn useful trades as well as investing in their businesses. They believed by doing it; it would prove a point to the American’s need for blacks to the American economy. The other path developed was the forming of unions and accessing of jobs in the north. Additionally, according to Marcus Garvey, he proposed for self-development of the African American. He created a different economy and society driven by the African Americans within the United States, as he believed white would never accept blacks as equals. (Abdallah, 2015).

The difference between approaches by Washington and Dubois was that Washington advocated for self-development of African Americans and improved their wellbeing, equal voting rights, and was against unequal railroad facilities. He was for African American

Independence. On the contrary, DuBois was against capitalism and advocated for socialism, and he believed that they should first get rid of segregation

Question four

Rapid population growth has led to urbanization and the development of cities across the world. This is because major urban areas and towns have more to offer to the residents about better economic and social development and higher standards of living (Young, 2017). Employment opportunities in urban areas are higher hence rural-urban migration. For example, quality healthcare is affordable in cities; therefore, higher birthrates and lower death rates. However, there are problems associated with the rapid urban population growth. These include resulting in unplanned housings a congestion (shanties) Example is Soweto in South Africa. There is also increased pollution of environments, traffic jams, urban poverty, and decay of moral standards, e.g., there is higher prostitution in major cities and political violence.

Urbanization has led to economic development and a higher standard of living. Secondly, the higher population has brought about agglomeration economies where there is a division of labor and economies of scale hence higher productivity

Question six

During the progressive era in the 20th-century reformers looked to address the problems of cities in America. The reformist founded settlement houses that aimed at providing services to the poor residents and immigrants. Jane Adams was an activist and community organizer. Jane Addams saw the plight of the immigrants. She pioneered the social settlement movement, appreciating the dynamic between theory and action (Shields, 2017). Jacob Riis documented the lives of the poor in the city; he exposed how the other halves lived, i.e., rich and poor, while Jane Addams helped poor people to gain a skill to be successful by living and providing opportunities for the underprivileged. An example is that she housed less privilege at Hull house for them to learn skills

Question seven

The progressive era brought about reforms whose objectives were to eliminate government corruption, pass antitrust laws.

An example is moving of legislation, for instance, Amendment that proposed a federal income tax, the other Amendment allowed for the direct election of Senators, while the 18th Amendment prohibited sales of additional alcohol, Amendment was made that guaranteed women the right to vote. During this era, protection for employees and consumers were enhanced and eliminated unethical business practices. It also brought about financial reform when Congress was pushed to pass the underwood traffic tax, which lowered tariffs. There was also the creation of the Federal Reserve board that headed national banking systems (Johnson, 2016). There were also regulations for the factory that working hours should be limited, as well as compensation for injuries, and restriction for underage labor.

Question ten

Many working and progressive women re-evaluated their customs and attitudes, which included a family structure that was seen to curtail women’s freedom and independence. Margaret Sanger championed women’s rights to limit the number of children, which led to the legalization of birth controls. Other women formed factions of movements that emphasized on rights and individualism over service and duty (Dill, 2015). Other women devoted themselves to the labor movement and actively being involved in strikes. For example, Elizabeth Gurley formed and organized Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Other women were peace activists.

Question twelve

A lot of motives cause empires to expand their rule over countries and territories. American interest in economic expansion developed after the civil war. They wanted new lands to build an empire. Other Americans wanted a sense of mission, and they believed they would lift the people they considered uncivilized. They were interested in sea power as it would provide