Sample History Essays on The First Americans

In the 16th and 15th centuries, the bible was considered the main source of human history. However, some scholars felt the bible wasn’t precise on the large landscape and people living in it. In August 1908, there was a flood experienced in Folsom, Mexico.

A few weeks later, a foreman called Gorge Mcjunkin identified large bones resulting from the floods. In the 1860s, there was the discovery of stone artifacts alongside extinct animals in Britain and France. Proof that man coexisted with animals long before recorded history. In 1926, Jesse Figgins decided to investigate the matter to find remains of extinct species to be used in the Denver Museum. Figgins, however, ended up getting more than just biceps. Figgins found the edge of a stone spear point with the species of bison that had been extinct for approximately 10,000 years ago. Using the same method, more fossil stone artifacts were discovered.

The early Indians were good hunters using the Folsom tradition. Their hunting cites were well coordinated. In 1933 a stone spear point fixed between the ribs of a mammoth was unearthed by archeologists working near Mexico town. This Proved that man existed for at least five hundred years ago.  The stone spear was a Clovis point. Soon after this, in North America, more Clovis points were discovered. This proved that the first Americans used the Clovis culture.

How did the first Americans migrate from the old world to the new?

During the coldest time of the ice age period, five percent of the water was delivered from the sea to land in fast glaciers. The low sea levels exposed the continental shelf. This expands new terrain and left a mass of landscape where animals and humans could migrate. Archeologists discovered that the early Homo sapiens were found in Siberia and Northern China. A group of Siberian people moved from Siberia to Alaska. They were, however, challenged by ice sheets towards the lower parts of Alaska. As time went by, it was becoming difficult to prove that, especially with the fact that it was no sign of Clovis points in Alaska. There was a theory of movement along the coast of the sea, which made sense but was difficult to prove. Years after that, archeologists tried to come up with theories of migration until it became skeptical.

Years after, Doctor James Adovasio and his team visited the Meadowcroft Rockshelter archeological site and discovered tools used by early Indians 300 years before cloves people had arrived in Alaska, but it was suggested that they might have been contaminated by ancient coal. Linguists, on the other hand, were also trying to shed light on trying to find what language was used by the first Americans. Linguists and archeologists joined hands to help discover the migration of the first Americans. In 1987, Joseph Grinberg claimed to have clustered every Native American language into three groups and how they migrated into Alaska. Other linguists believed that it was a single migration that was later supported by new evidence from the field of human genetics. This did not stop archeologists from doing more.  Professor Tom Delahey and his team of archeologists in 1976 found more artifacts like meat, wood elements, and animal hides in Monteverde that proved the existence of the first Americans.  There is also scientific evidence using DNA found in Siberia that existed thousands of years before the Clovis theory. The coastal migration theory is also provable. Doctor James Dixon, for five years, examined the coastal parts of Alaska and found skeleton material of animals that lasted a period of ten to fourteen years. They also identified archeological sites below the sea that existed when the sea level was lower.