Sample History Essays on History of Copenhagen

The history of a place lies in the memories held by its people, famous locations, cultures, beliefs, and traditions practiced within the region. Copenhagen is recognized globally as the largest city in Scandinavia and the capital city of Denmark. As one of the largest cities in Scandinavia, Copenhagen hosts a majority of the international events held in this region and is home to some of the cultural histories of the country. Denmark’s fashion has often been associated with trends set by the royal family, local retailers, and international fashion reports.

History and Importance to the World

The counselor of King Valdemar I, Bishop Absalon, founded the city between 1160 and 1167. The Bishop had been given the task of building a city towards the east side of Zealand to protect all forms of trade conducted in the region. The city was made the capital of Denmark in 1445 and declared the official resident of the royal family. The city is recognized for having the world’s oldest amusement park, which was created and completed with games, restaurants, and rides around 1583. For the most part of the 20th century, the city and its surrounding were dominated by its involvement in trade, private and public financial services, and promotion of higher education. Some of the important building in the city include the Christiansburg Palace, which has been used by the Supreme Court and Parliament since 1928 and the National Museum of Denmark, which was initially the Prinsens Palance (Renouf, 2003).

(Renouf, 2003).

The National Museum showcases different artifacts and materials related to the country’s cultural history and connects ancient and modern Copenhagen. The museum has everything from the famous Golden Horns to Egyptian Mummies on exhibition. It also provides guided tours to educate tourists about the rich culture preserved in the museum. An interesting part of the museum is the fashion and textile section, which provides tourists with an extensive historical display of clothing and other items that, had been considered fashionable in the past. The section has a nice selection of both women and men clothing that represent the social and cultural aspects of the Danish lifestyle and identity (Knell, Aronsson, & Amundsen, 2014). The section illustrates a great example of how dressing can help people associate history with their lives at an immediate and personal level.

Another textile-based museum in the city is Brede Værk, which is a branch of the National Museum and is located towards the northern parts of the city. This branch has a substantial collection of fashion exhibits collected over the years. Although their exhibition is currently closed to the public, the place contains a wide range of historical dresses that represent the country’s heritage. The city is also home to the Danish War Museum that preserves Denmark’s military history. While most of the artifacts in the museum are weapons, the museum also displays different types of military armory and uniforms with each piece comprising of detailed description about the time it was used in history and its purpose (Kidd, 2013). Fashion industries in the country draw their inspiration from these museums and textiles displayed, which had been used over the years for clothing. The images below illustrate the Brede Værk building that houses traditional Denmark clothing.

(DestiMap, 2020).

Other important buildings in the city include the University of Copenhagen, which was developed in 1479, the Grundtvig’s Church, which was built between 1921 and 1940, among other historical buildings. The church has an enormous tower and cathedral proportions, which attracts hundreds of tourists. The images below show the Grundtvig’s Church (Copenhagen Portal, 2020). The building is still loved for its beauty, architectural design, and functionality.

(Copenhagen Portal, 2020).

Today, the city is considered one of the popular destination for international congresses and conferences. Some of the interesting annual festivals carried out in Copenhagen include the annual Copenhagen Art Week, which features contemporary art, exhibitions, and performance art. Each year, a new theme is picked for the art festival. Other festivals held in Copenhagen annually that reflect the culture and lifestyle of Denmark people include the annual Jazz Festival, Opera Festival, and the Cooking and Food Festival. These events bring together people from different parts of the city and country to celebrate and try new trends and experiences. The Copenhagen Fashion Week, which takes place biannually is also held to celebrate the inventions and innovative fashion trends created by both local, national, and global fashion designers. The event attracts buyers and fashion influencers while striving towards making positive and sustainable changes in the fashion industry.

Copenhagen is considered one of the most dynamic cities in Europe. The events carried out in the city annually act as inspiration for artists and fashion enthusiasts working in the city. The historical structures in Copenhagen enable modern civilizations to understand the architectural complexity that went into constructing some of the country’s famous buildings through the well-preserved stone ruins and bricks. The rich culture and lifestyle practiced by the people also act as an inspiration for the fashion industry in the country.


Copenhagen Portal. (2020). Brief History about Copenhagen. Copenhagen Portal Retrieved from

DestiMap. (2020). Brede Værk. DestiMap Retrieved from

Kidd, R. S. (2013). Military Uniforms in Europe 1900-2000 Volume One.

Knell, S., Aronsson, P., & Amundsen, A. B. (2014). National Museums: New Studies from Around the World. Routledge.

Renouf, N. (2003). Copenhagen and the Best of Denmark Alive! Hunter Publishing.