Sample Healthcare Paper on USAID (United States Agency for International Development)

USAID (United States Agency for International Development) is the federal government agency for the United States that is charged with the responsibility of administering foreign aid and economic development. It was formed on 3rd November 1961 with the passing into law of the Foreign Assistance Act, 1961.  USAID has over 280 projects spread across the world in Africa, Asia, Europe and Eurasia, Middle East, Latin America and the Caribbean and Afghanistan and Pakistan.

USAID has a Global Health Vision which is; a world where people lead healthy, productive lives and where mothers and children thrive. The organization’s global health mission statement is supporting partner countries in prevention and management of major health challenges facing the poor, undeserved and vulnerable people so at to have improved health outcomes. This, it aims to do by;

  • Provision of technical leadership for responding to new challenges to global health
  • Strategically partnering with various actors
  • Acceleration of development and the application of science, technology and innovation
  • Increase evidence based, inclusive, locally adapted and equitable health solutions
  • Strengthening of the capacity of local health system
  • Promotion of gender equality, female empowerment and inclusion
  • Fostering and working towards stewardship of public resources and trust
  • Project(s) (identify and explain one or more project)

USAID’s global health programs focus on different aspects such as; Nutrition, Neglected tropical diseases, Tuberculosis, health systems, HIV and AIDs, Malaria, Maternal and child health and cross cutting areas among others. The cross cutting area has those programs that operate mainly with a multiple disease focus. Some of the sub sectors here include; the global health initiative, environmental health, children in adversity, promotion of gender equality through health and innovation and impact.

The children in adversity program is based on the United States’ public law PL 109-95 that was created to ensure that there is proper coordination of international assistance for vulnerable children. It’s aimed at children without protective families, living on streets, in abusive households, trafficked, in armed groups and fragile families and facing various risks among others. USAID in association with other stakeholders in 2012 launched the U.S. Government Action Plan on Children in Adversity. This action plan has three main areas of focus; Building strong beginnings, putting family care first and protection of children.

The USAID’s family planning program was started in 1965 and aims at helping women avoid unnecessary pregnancies and help couples determine when and how often to have children. It is undertaken in more than 45 countries across the world.

Project’s/Projects’ Impact on Global Health

The children in adversity program was recently started and its full fruits are yet to be seen. However, it is expected that by having proper coordination of assistance aimed at the vulnerable children, the children’s welfare and health will be greatly improved. Recently, 19 leaders from four regions developed the global alliance for children in adversity. Its aim is mobilize private and public resources and knowledge in supporting the children in adversity.

The family planning program has been in existence for a long time and has had the following impacts; reducing abortion, fighting HIV/Aids, mitigating effects of population dynamics, improved women’s health and better health for children.

References

http://www.usaid.gov

http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/global-health/cross-cutting-areas/children-adversity