Sample Healthcare Paper on Physician Assistant and Thyroid Gland

The Thyroid Gland

The endocrine system consists of testicles, thyroid gland, pituitary gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, and ovary. The thyroid gland is placed in the neck and it makes hormones. Hormones made by the thyroid control how fast a person can do his/her activities, such as heartbeat. The pace at which the human body does its activities is controlled by hormones made by the thyroid gland. Hormones made by the thyroid gland deals with the body’s metabolism activities.

Disorders associated with the thyroid gland are hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer, goiter, and thyroiditis (Medline Plus, 2014, p. 1). Hyperthyroidism happens when the thyroid gland is too active and it is making more hormones than what is needed by the body. It is caused by thyroid nodules and consuming excess iodine. Some symptoms of hyperthyroidism are weight loss, fatigue, hand tremors, irregular heart rate, and goiter among others. Hypothyroidism occurs when the body is not making adequate thyroid hormones. It is mostly caused by an autoimmune disease called Hashimoto thyroid nodules, thyroiditis, and certain types of medicine (Medline Plus, 2014, p. 1). Some of its symptoms are weight gain, fatigue, depression, and constipation. Thyroid cancer affects people between 25 and 65 years, women, people of Asian origin, family history of thyroid cancer, and those who have had radiation to the head or neck (Medline Plus, 2014, p.1). Thyroiditis is the swelling of a person’s thyroid.

The endocrine system is made up of the pituitary gland, adrenal gland, thyroid gland, testicles, and ovary. The thyroid gland produces hormones that control activities, such as heart rate. Some of the disorders of the thyroid gland are hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, goiter, thyroid cancer, and thyroiditis.

Physician Assistant Professional

Job description


An assistant physician does more or less the job performed by the doctors but under the instruction of the doctor (Wallace, 2004, p.156). They prevent and treat patients by offering services, such as diagnosing and carrying out a physical patient examination, prescription, counseling, conducting surgery as well as interpretation of earlier ordered tests.

Scope of Practice

They are trained together with doctors and are mostly under the doctor’s supervision. They practice in both secondary and primary care under the doctor’s instructions.

Code of Ethics

Physicians are only allowed to conduct activities by taking orders from a doctor. They are not allowed to prescribe and do imaging without the doctor’s consent and this calls for legal proceedings (Ballweg, 2013, p. 176). Medical schools also hinder their student from practice until they are certified.

Requirements for the Profession/occupation

There is a special residency program for certain specialists. There is also a requirement for undertaking bridging for those who wish to be Physicians.

Institutions/Schools Offering the Program

The Duke University Medical Center archive is one of the institutions offering the PA program and Baylor’s College of medicine.

Duration of the Program

They take two to three years of full-time study and a further 4 years of postsecondary of a thorough science-based laboratory for postgraduate studies.

Cost for each of the Educational Institutions

At Duke University, the student’s fee is 2300 dollars up to 7000 dollars, but this is exclusive of the other payment. Generally, one will pay up to 120,000 dollars inclusively to graduate. At Baylor’s College of Medicine, the student pays 57740 dollars for a 3-year program.

Degree or Certification that Can be Earned

There are graduate schools leading to master’s degrees, such as health sciences (MHS), Physician Assistant Studies (MPAS) as well as Medical Science (MMSc).

Professional Certification or Registration Required

A PA is required to use designations, such as PA-C when certified and in compliance with the National Certifying Organization (NCCPA) which assess the ability of the fresh graduate via the administration of Physician Assistant Certifying Exam (PANCE) and even PANRE



Job Availability Profession

PA has a variety of fields to work in ranging from the uniformed services, federal government to the United States Armed forces (Hooker and James, 2002, p. 145). The Veteran Affairs, as the employer of the PA has done over 2000 job placements for Physician Assistants in various sectors including hospitals and even abroad in the military services. There is a projection on the growth of the PA pegged at 27% by the year 2016, as revealed by the Department of Labor Bureau of Statistics report.

Trends in the Field

There is a growing number of physicians as compared to nurses in use (Gordon, 1996, p. 112). Physician Assistants are establishing their small firm from which they offer services.

Experience required

Opportunities for the foreign deployment of the PA to work as Foreign Service Health Practitioners (FSHIP) require a minimum of work profile in primary care.

Salaries – Entry-level and with experience

A PA at entry earns an average income of 102165 dollars yearly and those with greater experience earn up to 200,000 dollars annually.

Advancement Opportunities, with or without additional education

Several opportunities arise as a result of disaster and emergence management in cases of subspecialties (Chisolm, 2007, p. 112). Other opportunities are seen to care for the injuries arising from those PAs absorbed in the Air Force.



Professional Organizations

The American Academy of Physician Assistants is the national body that represents the interests of PA and NCCPA is the regulatory body.

Continuing Educational Units (CEUs) AAPAC

AAPAC offers educational opportunities to its members. In addition, AAPAC looks for available trends that might affect physician assistants alongside conveying information. This process is updated after every two years to ensure that PA remains linked to current situations

Fitness to the profession for you

The physicians need to be a person who is able to easily adapt to the different environmental conditions as they are almost deployed in every field including the military (Bellairs, Thomas, James, James, Jim, and Herbert, 2002, p. 156).

Personal career plan and Goals

Physician as a profession is ranked top among the leading sectors with the highest job placement. On this basis, one becomes certain that the undertaken programs are goal-driven and would aid in meeting personal living standards.


Chisolm, Stephanie, (2007). The Health Professions: Trends and Opportunities in the U.S. Health Care. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Press.

Hooker, Roderick S, and James F. Cawley, (2002). Physician Assistants in American Medicine. New York: Churchill Livingstone. Press.

Ballweg, Ruth, (2013). Physician Assistant: A Guide to Clinical Practice. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. Press

Wallace, Richard, (2004). The National Jobbank 2005. Avon, Mass: Adams Media Corp. Press.

Gordon, Suzanne, (1996). Caregiving: Readings in Knowledge, Practice, Ethics, and Politics. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press. Press.

Bellairs, Thomas J, James L. Helsel, James L. Goldsmith, Jim Skindzier, and Herbert J. Bellairs, (2002). Modern Real Estate Practice in Pennsylvania. Chicago, IL: Dearborn Real Estate Education. Press.

Medline Plus. “Endocrine System”. Web. 2 February 2014